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Bit::ShiftReg
Bit Shift Registers with Rotate / Shift Operations

Bit::ShiftReg - Bit Shift Registers with Rotate / Shift Operations


NAME

Bit::ShiftReg - Bit Shift Registers with Rotate / Shift Operations

Implements rotate left, rotate right, shift left and shift right operations with carry flag for all C integer types


SYNOPSIS

  • use Bit::ShiftReg qw( bits_of_byte bits_of_short bits_of_int bits_of_long LSB_byte MSB_byte LSB_short MSB_short LSB_int MSB_int LSB_long MSB_long ROL_byte ROR_byte SHL_byte SHR_byte ROL_short ROR_short SHL_short SHR_short ROL_int ROR_int SHL_int SHR_int ROL_long ROR_long SHL_long SHR_long );

    imports all (or some, by leaving some out) of the available operations and functions

  • use Bit::ShiftReg qw(:all);

    imports all available operations and functions

  • $version = Bit::ShiftReg::Version();

    returns the module's version number

  • $bits = bits_of_byte();

    returns the number of bits in a byte (unsigned char) on your machine

  • $bits = bits_of_short();

    returns the number of bits in an unsigned short on your machine

  • $bits = bits_of_int();

    returns the number of bits in an unsigned int on your machine

  • $bits = bits_of_long();

    returns the number of bits in an unsigned long on your machine

  • $lsb = LSB_byte($value);

    returns the least significant bit (LSB) of a byte (unsigned char)

  • $msb = MSB_byte($value);

    returns the most significant bit (MSB) of a byte (unsigned char)

  • $lsb = LSB_short($value);

    returns the least significant bit (LSB) of an unsigned short

  • $msb = MSB_short($value);

    returns the most significant bit (MSB) of an unsigned short

  • $lsb = LSB_int($value);

    returns the least significant bit (LSB) of an unsigned int

  • $msb = MSB_int($value);

    returns the most significant bit (MSB) of an unsigned int

  • $lsb = LSB_long($value);

    returns the least significant bit (LSB) of an unsigned long

  • $msb = MSB_long($value);

    returns the most significant bit (MSB) of an unsigned long

  • $carry = ROL_byte($value);

  • $carry = ROR_byte($value);

  • $carry_out = SHL_byte($value,$carry_in);

  • $carry_out = SHR_byte($value,$carry_in);

  • $carry = ROL_short($value);

  • $carry = ROR_short($value);

  • $carry_out = SHL_short($value,$carry_in);

  • $carry_out = SHR_short($value,$carry_in);

  • $carry = ROL_int($value);

  • $carry = ROR_int($value);

  • $carry_out = SHL_int($value,$carry_in);

  • $carry_out = SHR_int($value,$carry_in);

  • $carry = ROL_long($value);

  • $carry = ROR_long($value);

  • $carry_out = SHL_long($value,$carry_in);

  • $carry_out = SHR_long($value,$carry_in);

Note that ``$value'' must be a variable in the calls of the functions ROL, ROR, SHL and SHR, and that the contents of this variable are altered IMPLICITLY by these functions!

Note also that the ``carry'' input value is always truncated to the least significant bit, i.e., input values for ``carry'' must be either 0 or 1!

Finally, note that the return values of the functions LSB, MSB, ROL, ROR, SHL and SHR are always either 0 or 1!


DESCRIPTION

This module implements rotate left, rotate right, shift left and shift right operations with carry flag for all C integer types.

The results depend on the number of bits that the integer types unsigned char, unsigned short, unsigned int and unsigned long have on your machine.

The module automatically determines the number of bits of each integer type and adjusts its internal constants accordingly.

How the operations work:

ROL
Rotate Left:

 carry:                           value:

 +---+            +---+---+---+---     ---+---+---+---+

 | 1 |  <---+---  | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1  ...  1 | 0 | 1 | 1 |  <---+

 +---+      |     +---+---+---+---     ---+---+---+---+      |

            |                                                |

            +------------------------------------------------+

ROR
Rotate Right:

                        value:                          carry:

        +---+---+---+---     ---+---+---+---+           +---+

 +--->  | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1  ...  1 | 0 | 1 | 1 |  ---+---> | 1 |

 |      +---+---+---+---     ---+---+---+---+     |     +---+

 |                                                |

 +------------------------------------------------+

SHL
Shift Left:

 carry                        value:                       carry

  out:                                                      in:

 +---+        +---+---+---+---     ---+---+---+---+        +---+

 | 1 |  <---  | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1  ...  1 | 0 | 1 | 1 |  <---  | 1 |

 +---+        +---+---+---+---     ---+---+---+---+        +---+

SHR
Shift Right:

 carry                        value:                       carry

  in:                                                       out:

 +---+        +---+---+---+---     ---+---+---+---+        +---+

 | 1 |  --->  | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1  ...  1 | 0 | 1 | 1 |  --->  | 1 |

 +---+        +---+---+---+---     ---+---+---+---+        +---+


EXAMPLE

Suppose you want to implement shift registers in a machine-independent way.

The only C integer type whose length in bits you can be pretty sure about is probably a byte, since the C standard only prescribes minimum lengths for char, short, int and long and that sizeof(char) <= sizeof(short) <= sizeof(int) <= sizeof(long).

How to implement a 4-byte shift register and the 4 operations ROL, ROR, SHL and SHR on it:

First, you need to define 4 byte registers:


  $byte0 = 0;

  $byte1 = 0;

  $byte2 = 0;

  $byte3 = 0;

Then proceed as follows:

ROL
Rotate left:

  $carry = SHL_byte($byte3, SHL_byte($byte2, SHL_byte($byte1,

           SHL_byte($byte0, MSB_byte($byte3)))));

ROR
Rotate right:

  $carry = SHR_byte($byte0, SHR_byte($byte1, SHR_byte($byte2,

           SHR_byte($byte3, LSB_byte($byte0)))));

SHL
Shift left:

  $carry_out = SHL_byte($byte3, SHL_byte($byte2, SHL_byte($byte1,

               SHL_byte($byte0, $carry_in))));

SHR
Shift right:

  $carry_out = SHR_byte($byte0, SHR_byte($byte1, SHR_byte($byte2,

               SHR_byte($byte3, $carry_in))));


SEE ALSO

perl(1), perlsub(1), perlmod(1), perlxs(1), perlxstut(1), perlguts(1).


VERSION

This man page documents Bit::ShiftReg version 2.0.


AUTHOR

Steffen Beyer <sb@sdm.de>.


COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 1997 by Steffen Beyer. All rights reserved.


LICENSE AGREEMENT

This package is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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