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File::Spec::Win32
methods for Win32 file specs

File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs


NAME

File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs


SYNOPSIS


 require File::Spec::Win32; # Done internally by File::Spec if needed


DESCRIPTION

See File::Spec::Unix for a documentation of the methods provided there. This package overrides the implementation of these methods, not the semantics.

devnull
Returns a string representation of the null device.

tmpdir
Returns a string representation of the first existing directory from the following list:

    $ENV{TMPDIR}

    $ENV{TEMP}

    $ENV{TMP}

    /tmp

    /

catfile
Concatenate one or more directory names and a filename to form a complete path ending with a filename

canonpath
No physical check on the filesystem, but a logical cleanup of a path. On UNIX eliminated successive slashes and successive ``/.''.

splitpath

    ($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path );

    ($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path, $no_file );

Splits a path in to volume, directory, and filename portions. Assumes that the last file is a path unless the path ends in '\\', '\\.', '\\..' or $no_file is true. On Win32 this means that $no_file true makes this return ( $volume, $path, undef ).

Separators accepted are \ and /.

Volumes can be drive letters or UNC sharenames (\\server\share).

The results can be passed to catpath to get back a path equivalent to (usually identical to) the original path.

splitdir
The opposite of catdir().

    @dirs = File::Spec->splitdir( $directories );

$directories must be only the directory portion of the path on systems that have the concept of a volume or that have path syntax that differentiates files from directories.

Unlike just splitting the directories on the separator, leading empty and trailing directory entries can be returned, because these are significant on some OSs. So,


    File::Spec->splitdir( "/a/b/c" );

Yields:


    ( '', 'a', 'b', '', 'c', '' )

catpath
Takes volume, directory and file portions and returns an entire path. Under Unix, $volume is ignored, and this is just like catfile(). On other OSs, the $volume become significant.

abs2rel
Takes a destination path and an optional base path returns a relative path from the base path to the destination path:

    $rel_path = File::Spec->abs2rel( $destination ) ;

    $rel_path = File::Spec->abs2rel( $destination, $base ) ;

If $base is not present or '', then cwd() is used. If $base is relative, then it is converted to absolute form using rel2abs(). This means that it is taken to be relative to cwd().

On systems with the concept of a volume, this assumes that both paths are on the $destination volume, and ignores the $base volume.

On systems that have a grammar that indicates filenames, this ignores the $base filename as well. Otherwise all path components are assumed to be directories.

If $path is relative, it is converted to absolute form using rel2abs(). This means that it is taken to be relative to cwd().

Based on code written by Shigio Yamaguchi.

No checks against the filesystem are made.

rel2abs
Converts a relative path to an absolute path.

    $abs_path = File::Spec->rel2abs( $destination ) ;

    $abs_path = File::Spec->rel2abs( $destination, $base ) ;

If $base is not present or '', then cwd() is used. If $base is relative, then it is converted to absolute form using rel2abs(). This means that it is taken to be relative to cwd().

Assumes that both paths are on the $base volume, and ignores the $destination volume.

On systems that have a grammar that indicates filenames, this ignores the $base filename as well. Otherwise all path components are assumed to be directories.

If $path is absolute, it is cleaned up and returned using canonpath().

Based on code written by Shigio Yamaguchi.

No checks against the filesystem are made.


SEE ALSO

the File::Spec manpage

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