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perltoc
perl documentation table of contents

perltoc - perl documentation table of contents


NAME

perltoc - perl documentation table of contents


DESCRIPTION

This page provides a brief table of contents for the rest of the Perl documentation set. It is meant to be scanned quickly or grepped through to locate the proper section you're looking for.


BASIC DOCUMENTATION

perl - Practical Extraction and Report Language

SYNOPSIS
Overview
Tutorials
Reference Manual
Internals and C Language Interface
Miscellaneous
Platform-Specific
DESCRIPTION
AVAILABILITY
ENVIRONMENT
AUTHOR
FILES
SEE ALSO
DIAGNOSTICS
BUGS
NOTES

perlintro -- a brief introduction and overview of Perl

DESCRIPTION
What is Perl?
Running Perl programs
Basic syntax overview
Perl variable types
Scalars, Arrays, Hashes

Variable scoping
Conditional and looping constructs
if, while, for, foreach

Builtin operators and functions
Arithmetic, Numeric comparison, String comparison, Boolean logic, Miscellaneous

Files and I/O
Regular expressions
Simple matching, Simple substitution, More complex regular expressions, Parentheses for capturing, Other regexp features

Writing subroutines
OO Perl
Using Perl modules
AUTHOR

perlfaq - frequently asked questions about Perl ($Date: 2002/01/31 04:27:54 $)

DESCRIPTION
perlfaq: Structural overview of the FAQ.
perlfaq1: General Questions About Perl
perlfaq2: Obtaining and Learning about Perl
perlfaq3: Programming Tools
perlfaq4: Data Manipulation
perlfaq5: Files and Formats
perlfaq6: Regular Expressions
perlfaq7: General Perl Language Issues
perlfaq8: System Interaction
perlfaq9: Networking
About the perlfaq documents
Where to get the perlfaq
How to contribute to the perlfaq
What will happen if you mail your Perl programming problems to the authors
Credits
Author and Copyright Information
Bundled Distributions
Disclaimer
Changes
1/November/2000, 23/May/99, 13/April/99, 7/January/99, 22/June/98, 24/April/97, 23/April/97, 25/March/97, 18/March/97, 17/March/97 Version, Initial Release: 11/March/97

perlbook - Perl book information

DESCRIPTION

perlsyn - Perl syntax

DESCRIPTION
Declarations
Simple statements
Compound statements
Loop Control
For Loops
Foreach Loops
Basic BLOCKs and Switch Statements
Goto
PODs: Embedded Documentation
Plain Old Comments (Not!)

perldata - Perl data types

DESCRIPTION
Variable names
Context
Scalar values
Scalar value constructors
List value constructors
Slices
Typeglobs and Filehandles
SEE ALSO

perlop - Perl operators and precedence

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Terms and List Operators (Leftward)
The Arrow Operator
Auto-increment and Auto-decrement
Exponentiation
Symbolic Unary Operators
Binding Operators
Multiplicative Operators
Additive Operators
Shift Operators
Named Unary Operators
Relational Operators
Equality Operators
Bitwise And
Bitwise Or and Exclusive Or
C-style Logical And
C-style Logical Or
Range Operators
Conditional Operator
Assignment Operators
Comma Operator
List Operators (Rightward)
Logical Not
Logical And
Logical or and Exclusive Or
C Operators Missing From Perl
unary &, unary *, (TYPE)

Quote and Quote-like Operators
Regexp Quote-Like Operators
?PATTERN?, m/PATTERN/cgimosx, /PATTERN/cgimosx, q/STRING/, 'STRING', qq/STRING/, ``STRING'', qr/STRING/imosx, qx/STRING/, `STRING`, qw/STRING/, s/PATTERN/REPLACEMENT/egimosx, tr/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cds, y/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cds, <<EOF

Gory details of parsing quoted constructs
Finding the end, Removal of backslashes before delimiters, Interpolation, <<'EOF', m'', s''', tr///, y///, '', q//, "", ``, qq//, qx//, <file*glob>, ?RE?, /RE/, m/RE/, s/RE/foo/,, Interpolation of regular expressions, Optimization of regular expressions

I/O Operators
Constant Folding
Bitwise String Operators
Integer Arithmetic
Floating-point Arithmetic
Bigger Numbers

perlsub - Perl subroutines

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Private Variables via my()
Persistent Private Variables
Temporary Values via local()
Lvalue subroutines
Passing Symbol Table Entries (typeglobs)
When to Still Use local()
Pass by Reference
Prototypes
Constant Functions
Overriding Built-in Functions
Autoloading
Subroutine Attributes
SEE ALSO

perlfunc - Perl builtin functions

DESCRIPTION
Perl Functions by Category
Functions for SCALARs or strings, Regular expressions and pattern matching, Numeric functions, Functions for real @ARRAYs, Functions for list data, Functions for real %HASHes, Input and output functions, Functions for fixed length data or records, Functions for filehandles, files, or directories, Keywords related to the control flow of your perl program, Keywords related to scoping, Miscellaneous functions, Functions for processes and process groups, Keywords related to perl modules, Keywords related to classes and object-orientedness, Low-level socket functions, System V interprocess communication functions, Fetching user and group info, Fetching network info, Time-related functions, Functions new in perl5, Functions obsoleted in perl5

Portability
Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
-X FILEHANDLE, -X EXPR, -X, abs VALUE, abs, accept NEWSOCKET,GENERICSOCKET, alarm SECONDS, alarm, atan2 Y,X, bind SOCKET,NAME, binmode FILEHANDLE, DISCIPLINE, binmode FILEHANDLE, bless REF,CLASSNAME, bless REF, caller EXPR, caller, chdir EXPR, chmod LIST, chomp VARIABLE, chomp( LIST ), chomp, chop VARIABLE, chop( LIST ), chop, chown LIST, chr NUMBER, chr, chroot FILENAME, chroot, close FILEHANDLE, close, closedir DIRHANDLE, connect SOCKET,NAME, continue BLOCK, cos EXPR, cos, crypt PLAINTEXT,SALT, dbmclose HASH, dbmopen HASH,DBNAME,MASK, defined EXPR, defined, delete EXPR, die LIST, do BLOCK, do SUBROUTINE(LIST), do EXPR, dump LABEL, dump, each HASH, eof FILEHANDLE, eof (), eof, eval EXPR, eval BLOCK, exec LIST, exec PROGRAM LIST, exists EXPR, exit EXPR, exp EXPR, exp, fcntl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, fileno FILEHANDLE, flock FILEHANDLE,OPERATION, fork, format, formline PICTURE,LIST, getc FILEHANDLE, getc, getlogin, getpeername SOCKET, getpgrp PID, getppid, getpriority WHICH,WHO, getpwnam NAME, getgrnam NAME, gethostbyname NAME, getnetbyname NAME, getprotobyname NAME, getpwuid UID, getgrgid GID, getservbyname NAME,PROTO, gethostbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getnetbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getprotobynumber NUMBER, getservbyport PORT,PROTO, getpwent, getgrent, gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent, setpwent, setgrent, sethostent STAYOPEN, setnetent STAYOPEN, setprotoent STAYOPEN, setservent STAYOPEN, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent, getsockname SOCKET, getsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME, glob EXPR, glob, gmtime EXPR, goto LABEL, goto EXPR, goto &NAME, grep BLOCK LIST, grep EXPR,LIST, hex EXPR, hex, import, index STR,SUBSTR,POSITION, index STR,SUBSTR, int EXPR, int, ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, join EXPR,LIST, keys HASH, kill SIGNAL, LIST, last LABEL, last, lc EXPR, lc, lcfirst EXPR, lcfirst, length EXPR, length, link OLDFILE,NEWFILE, listen SOCKET,QUEUESIZE, local EXPR, localtime EXPR, lock THING, log EXPR, log, lstat EXPR, lstat, m//, map BLOCK LIST, map EXPR,LIST, mkdir FILENAME,MASK, mkdir FILENAME, msgctl ID,CMD,ARG, msgget KEY,FLAGS, msgrcv ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS, msgsnd ID,MSG,FLAGS, my EXPR, my EXPR : ATTRIBUTES, next LABEL, next, no Module LIST, oct EXPR, oct, open FILEHANDLE,EXPR, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR,LIST, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,REFERENCE, open FILEHANDLE, opendir DIRHANDLE,EXPR, ord EXPR, ord, our EXPR, our EXPR : ATTRIBUTES, pack TEMPLATE,LIST, package NAMESPACE, package, pipe READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE, pop ARRAY, pop, pos SCALAR, pos, print FILEHANDLE LIST, print LIST, print, printf FILEHANDLE FORMAT, LIST, printf FORMAT, LIST, prototype FUNCTION, push ARRAY,LIST, q/STRING/, qq/STRING/, qr/STRING/, qx/STRING/, qw/STRING/, quotemeta EXPR, quotemeta, rand EXPR, rand, read FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET, read FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, readdir DIRHANDLE, readline EXPR, readlink EXPR, readlink, readpipe EXPR, recv SOCKET,SCALAR,LENGTH,FLAGS, redo LABEL, redo, ref EXPR, ref, rename OLDNAME,NEWNAME, require VERSION, require EXPR, require, reset EXPR, reset, return EXPR, return, reverse LIST, rewinddir DIRHANDLE, rindex STR,SUBSTR,POSITION, rindex STR,SUBSTR, rmdir FILENAME, rmdir, s///, scalar EXPR, seek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE, seekdir DIRHANDLE,POS, select FILEHANDLE, select, select RBITS,WBITS,EBITS,TIMEOUT, semctl ID,SEMNUM,CMD,ARG, semget KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS, semop KEY,OPSTRING, send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS,TO, send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS, setpgrp PID,PGRP, setpriority WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY, setsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL, shift ARRAY, shift, shmctl ID,CMD,ARG, shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS, shmread ID,VAR,POS,SIZE, shmwrite ID,STRING,POS,SIZE, shutdown SOCKET,HOW, sin EXPR, sin, sleep EXPR, sleep, sockatmark SOCKET, socket SOCKET,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL, socketpair SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL, sort SUBNAME LIST, sort BLOCK LIST, sort LIST, splice ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH,LIST, splice ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH, splice ARRAY,OFFSET, splice ARRAY, split /PATTERN/,EXPR,LIMIT, split /PATTERN/,EXPR, split /PATTERN/, split, sprintf FORMAT, LIST, sqrt EXPR, sqrt, srand EXPR, srand, stat FILEHANDLE, stat EXPR, stat, study SCALAR, study, sub BLOCK, sub NAME, sub NAME BLOCK, substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,REPLACEMENT, substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH, substr EXPR,OFFSET, symlink OLDFILE,NEWFILE, syscall LIST, sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE, sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE,PERMS, sysread FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET, sysread FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, sysseek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE, system LIST, system PROGRAM LIST, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR, tell FILEHANDLE, tell, telldir DIRHANDLE, tie VARIABLE,CLASSNAME,LIST, tied VARIABLE, time, times, tr///, truncate FILEHANDLE,LENGTH, truncate EXPR,LENGTH, uc EXPR, uc, ucfirst EXPR, ucfirst, umask EXPR, umask, undef EXPR, undef, unlink LIST, unlink, unpack TEMPLATE,EXPR, untie VARIABLE, unshift ARRAY,LIST, use Module VERSION LIST, use Module VERSION, use Module LIST, use Module, use VERSION, utime LIST, values HASH, vec EXPR,OFFSET,BITS, wait, waitpid PID,FLAGS, wantarray, warn LIST, write FILEHANDLE, write EXPR, write, y///

perlreftut - Mark's very short tutorial about references

DESCRIPTION
Who Needs Complicated Data Structures?
The Solution
Syntax
Making References
Using References
An Example
Arrow Rule
Solution
The Rest
Summary
Credits
Distribution Conditions

perldsc - Perl Data Structures Cookbook

DESCRIPTION
arrays of arrays, hashes of arrays, arrays of hashes, hashes of hashes, more elaborate constructs

REFERENCES
COMMON MISTAKES
CAVEAT ON PRECEDENCE
WHY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS use strict
DEBUGGING
CODE EXAMPLES
ARRAYS OF ARRAYS
Declaration of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
Generation of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
HASHES OF ARRAYS
Declaration of a HASH OF ARRAYS
Generation of a HASH OF ARRAYS
Access and Printing of a HASH OF ARRAYS
ARRAYS OF HASHES
Declaration of an ARRAY OF HASHES
Generation of an ARRAY OF HASHES
Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF HASHES
HASHES OF HASHES
Declaration of a HASH OF HASHES
Generation of a HASH OF HASHES
Access and Printing of a HASH OF HASHES
MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
Declaration of MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
Declaration of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
Generation of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
Database Ties
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perlrequick - Perl regular expressions quick start

DESCRIPTION
The Guide
Simple word matching
Using character classes
Matching this or that
Grouping things and hierarchical matching
Extracting matches
Matching repetitions
More matching
Search and replace
The split operator
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
Acknowledgments

perlpod - the Plain Old Documentation format

DESCRIPTION
Ordinary Paragraph
Verbatim Paragraph
Command Paragraph
=head1 Heading Text, =head2 Heading Text, =head3 Heading Text>, =head4 Heading Text, =over indentlevel, =item I<stuff...>, =back, =cut, =pod, =begin formatname, =end I<formatname>, =for formatname text...

Formatting Codes
I<text> -- italic text, B<text> -- bold text, C<code> -- code text, L<name> -- a hyperlink, E<escape> -- a character escape, F<filename> -- used for filenames, S<text> -- text contains non-breaking spaces, X<topic name> -- an index entry, Z<> -- a null (zero-effect) formatting code

The Intent
Embedding Pods in Perl Modules
Hints for Writing Pod
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perlpodspec - Plain Old Documentation: format specification and notes

DESCRIPTION
Pod Definitions
Pod Commands
``=head1'', ``=head2'', ``=head3'', ``=head4'', ``=pod'', ``=cut'', ``=over'', ``=item'', ``=back'', ``=begin formatname'', ``=end formatname'', ``=for formatname text...''

Pod Formatting Codes
I<text> -- italic text, B<text> -- bold text, C<code> -- code text, F<filename> -- style for filenames, X<topic name> -- an index entry, Z<> -- a null (zero-effect) formatting code, L<name> -- a hyperlink, E<escape> -- a character escape, S<text> -- text contains non-breaking spaces

Notes on Implementing Pod Processors
About L<...> Codes
First:, Second:, Third:, Fourth:, Fifth:, Sixth:

About =over...=back Regions
About Data Paragraphs and ``=begin/=end'' Regions
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perlstyle - Perl style guide

DESCRIPTION

perltrap - Perl traps for the unwary

DESCRIPTION
Awk Traps
C Traps
Sed Traps
Shell Traps
Perl Traps
Perl4 to Perl5 Traps
Discontinuance, Deprecation, and BugFix traps, Parsing Traps, Numerical Traps, General data type traps, Context Traps - scalar, list contexts, Precedence Traps, General Regular Expression Traps using s///, etc, Subroutine, Signal, Sorting Traps, OS Traps, DBM Traps, Unclassified Traps

Discontinuance, Deprecation, and BugFix traps
Discontinuance, Deprecation, BugFix, Discontinuance, Discontinuance, Discontinuance, BugFix, Discontinuance, Discontinuance, BugFix, Discontinuance, Deprecation, Discontinuance, Discontinuance

Parsing Traps
Parsing, Parsing, Parsing, Parsing, Parsing

Numerical Traps
Numerical, Numerical, Numerical, Bitwise string ops

General data type traps
(Arrays), (Arrays), (Hashes), (Globs), (Globs), (Scalar String), (Constants), (Scalars), (Variable Suicide)

Context Traps - scalar, list contexts
(list context), (scalar context), (scalar context), (list, builtin)

Precedence Traps
Precedence, Precedence, Precedence, Precedence, Precedence, Precedence, Precedence

General Regular Expression Traps using s///, etc.
Regular Expression, Regular Expression, Regular Expression, Regular Expression, Regular Expression, Regular Expression, Regular Expression, Regular Expression

Subroutine, Signal, Sorting Traps
(Signals), (Sort Subroutine), warn() won't let you specify a filehandle

OS Traps
(SysV), (SysV)

Interpolation Traps
Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation

DBM Traps
DBM, DBM

Unclassified Traps
require/do trap using returned value, split on empty string with LIMIT specified

perlrun - how to execute the Perl interpreter

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
#! and quoting on non-Unix systems
OS/2, MS-DOS, Win95/NT, Macintosh, VMS

Location of Perl
Command Switches
-0[digits], -a, -C, -c, -d, -d:foo[=bar,baz], -Dletters, -Dnumber, -e commandline, -Fpattern, -h, -i[extension], -Idirectory, -l[octnum], -m[-]module, -M[-]module, -M[-]'module ...', -[mM][-]module=arg[,arg]..., -n, -p, -P, -s, -S, -t, -T, -u, -U, -v, -V, -V:name, -w, -W, -X, -x directory

ENVIRONMENT
HOME, LOGDIR, PATH, PERL5LIB, PERL5OPT, PERLLIB, PERL5DB, PERL5SHELL (specific to the Win32 port), PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS, PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL, PERL_ENCODING, PERL_ROOT (specific to the VMS port), SYS$LOGIN (specific to the VMS port)

DESCRIPTION
accept() on closed socket %s, Allocation too large: %lx, '!' allowed only after types %s, Ambiguous call resolved as CORE::%s(), qualify as such or use &, Ambiguous range in transliteration operator, Ambiguous use of %s resolved as %s, '|' and '<' may not both be specified on command line, '|' and '>' may not both be specified on command line, Applying %s to %s will act on scalar(%s), Args must match #! line, Arg too short for msgsnd, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine name, Argument ``%s'' isn't numeric%s, Array @%s missing the @ in argument %d of %s(), assertion botched: %s, Assertion failed: file ``%s'', Assignment to both a list and a scalar, Attempt to access key '%_' in fixed hash, Attempt to bless into a reference, Attempt to free non-arena SV: 0x%lx, Attempt to free nonexistent shared string, Attempt to free temp prematurely, Attempt to free unreferenced glob pointers, Attempt to free unreferenced scalar, Attempt to join self, Attempt to pack pointer to temporary value, Attempt to use reference as lvalue in substr, Bad arg length for %s, is %d, should be %s, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad filehandle: %s, Bad free() ignored, Bad hash, Bad index while coercing array into hash, Badly placed ()'s, Bad name after %s::, Bad realloc() ignored, Bad symbol for array, Bad symbol for filehandle, Bad symbol for hash, Bareword found in conditional, Bareword ``%s'' not allowed while ``strict subs'' in use, Bareword ``%s'' refers to nonexistent package, BEGIN failed--compilation aborted, BEGIN not safe after errors--compilation aborted, \1 better written as $1, Binary number > 0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, bind() on closed socket %s, binmode() on closed filehandle %s, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable, Bizarre copy of %s in %s, -P not allowed for setuid/setgid script, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Callback called exit, %s() called too early to check prototype, / cannot take a count, Can't bless non-reference value, Can't call method ``%s'' in empty package ``%s'', Can't call method ``%s'' on an undefined value, Can't call method ``%s'' on unblessed reference, Can't call method ``%s'' without a package or object reference, Can't chdir to %s, Can't check filesystem of script ``%s'' for nosuid, Can't coerce array into hash, Can't coerce %s to integer in %s, Can't coerce %s to number in %s, Can't coerce %s to string in %s, Can't create pipe mailbox, Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in ``%s'', Can't declare %s in ``%s'', Can't do inplace edit: %s is not a regular file, Can't do inplace edit on %s: %s, Can't do inplace edit without backup, Can't do inplace edit: %s would not be unique, Can't do {n,m} with n > m in regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/, Can't do setegid!, Can't do seteuid!, Can't do setuid, Can't do waitpid with flags, Can't emulate -%s on #! line, Can't exec ``%s'': %s, Can't exec %s, Can't execute %s, Can't find an opnumber for ``%s'', Can't find %s character property ``%s'', Can't find label %s, Can't find %s on PATH, Can't find %s on PATH, '.' not in PATH, Can't find string terminator %s anywhere before EOF, Can't find %s property definition %s, Can't fork, Can't get filespec - stale stat buffer?, Can't get pipe mailbox device name, Can't get SYSGEN parameter value for MAXBUF, Can't ``goto'' into the middle of a foreach loop, Can't ``goto'' out of a pseudo block, Can't goto subroutine from an eval-string, Can't goto subroutine outside a subroutine, Can't ignore signal CHLD, forcing to default, Can't ``last'' outside a loop block, Can't localize lexical variable %s, Can't localize pseudo-hash element, Can't localize through a reference, Can't locate %s, Can't locate auto/%s.al in @INC, Can't locate object method ``%s'' via package ``%s'', (perhaps you forgot to load ``%s''?), Can't locate package %s for @%s::ISA, Can't make list assignment to \%ENV on this system, Can't modify %s in %s, Can't modify nonexistent substring, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't msgrcv to read-only var, Can't ``next'' outside a loop block, Can't open %s: %s, Can't open bidirectional pipe, Can't open error file %s as stderr, Can't open input file %s as stdin, Can't open output file %s as stdout, Can't open output pipe (name: %s), Can't open perl script%s: %s, Can't read CRTL environ, Can't redefine active sort subroutine %s, Can't ``redo'' outside a loop block, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't rename %s to %s: %s, skipping file, Can't reopen input pipe (name: %s) in binary mode, Can't resolve method `%s' overloading `%s' in package `%s', Can't reswap uid and euid, Can't return %s from lvalue subroutine, Can't return %s to lvalue scalar context, Can't return outside a subroutine, Can't stat script ``%s'', Can't swap uid and euid, Can't take log of %g, Can't take sqrt of %g, Can't undef active subroutine, Can't unshift, Can't upgrade that kind of scalar, Can't upgrade to undef, Can't use an undefined value as %s reference, Can't use anonymous symbol table for method lookup, Can't use bareword (``%s'') as %s ref while ``strict refs'' in use, Can't use %! because Errno.pm is not available, Can't use %s for loop variable, Can't use global %s in ``my'', Can't use ``my %s'' in sort comparison, Can't use %s ref as %s ref, Can't use string (``%s'') as %s ref while ``strict refs'' in use, Can't use subscript on %s, Can't use \%c to mean $%c in expression, Can't weaken a nonreference, Can't x= to read-only value, Character in ``C'' format wrapped, Character in ``c'' format wrapped, close() on unopened filehandle %s, %s: Command not found, Compilation failed in require, Complex regular subexpression recursion limit (%d) exceeded, connect() on closed socket %s, Constant(%s)%s: %s, Constant is not %s reference, Constant subroutine %s redefined, Constant subroutine %s undefined, Copy method did not return a reference, CORE::%s is not a keyword, corrupted regexp pointers, corrupted regexp program, Corrupt malloc ptr 0x%lx at 0x%lx, -p destination: %s, -T and -B not implemented on filehandles, Deep recursion on subroutine ``%s'', defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is deprecated, %s defines neither package nor VERSION--version check failed, Delimiter for here document is too long, Did not produce a valid header, %s did not return a true value, (Did you mean &%s instead?), (Did you mean ``local'' instead of ``our''?), (Did you mean $ or @ instead of %?), Died, Document contains no data, %s does not define %s::VERSION--version check failed, Don't know how to handle magic of type '%s', do_study: out of memory, (Do you need to predeclare %s?), dump() better written as CORE::dump(), Duplicate free() ignored, elseif should be elsif, Empty %s, entering effective %s failed, Error converting file specification %s, %s: Eval-group in insecure regular expression, %s: Eval-group not allowed at run time, %s: Eval-group not allowed, use re 'eval', Excessively long <> operator, exec? I'm not *that* kind of operating system, Execution of %s aborted due to compilation errors, Exiting eval via %s, Exiting format via %s, Exiting pseudo-block via %s, Exiting subroutine via %s, Exiting substitution via %s, Explicit blessing to '' (assuming package main), %s: Expression syntax, %s failed--call queue aborted, False [] range ``%s'' in regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/, Fatal VMS error at %s, line %d, fcntl is not implemented, Filehandle %s opened only for input, Filehandle %s opened only for output, Final $ should be \$ or $name, Final @ should be \@ or @name, flock() on closed filehandle %s, Quantifier follows nothing in regex;, Format not terminated, Format %s redefined, Found = in conditional, should be ==, %s found where operator expected, gdbm store returned %d, errno %d, key ``%s'', gethostent not implemented, get%sname() on closed socket %s, getpwnam returned invalid UIC %#o for user ``%s'', getsockopt() on closed socket %s, Global symbol ``%s'' requires explicit package name, glob failed (%s), Glob not terminated, Got an error from DosAllocMem, goto must have label, %s-group starts with a count, %s had compilation errors, Had to create %s unexpectedly, Hash %%s missing the % in argument %d of %s(), %s has too many errors, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Identifier too long, Illegal binary digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal character %s (carriage return), Illegal character in prototype for %s : %s, Illegal division by zero, Illegal hexadecimal digit %s ignored, Illegal modulus zero, Illegal number of bits in vec, Illegal octal digit %s, Illegal octal digit %s ignored, Illegal switch in PERL5OPT: %s, Ill-formed CRTL environ value ``%s'', Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, (in cleanup) %s, In EBCDIC the v-string components cannot exceed 2147483647, Insecure dependency in %s, Insecure directory in %s, Insecure $ENV{%s} while running %s, Integer overflow in %s number, Internal disaster in regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/, Internal inconsistency in tracking vforks, Internal urp in regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/, %s (...) interpreted as function, Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s, Invalid conversion in %s: ``%s'', Invalid [] range ``%s'' in regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/, Invalid [] range ``%s'' in transliteration operator, Invalid separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid type in pack: '%s', Invalid type in unpack: '%s', ioctl is not implemented, ioctl() on unopened %s, IO::Socket::atmark not implemented on this architecture, `%s' is not a code reference, `%s' is not an overloadable type, junk on end of regexp, Label not found for ``last %s'', Label not found for ``next %s'', Label not found for ``redo %s'', leaving effective %s failed, listen() on closed socket %s, lstat() on filehandle %s, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Lookbehind longer than %d not implemented in regex;, Malformed PERLLIB_PREFIX, Malformed prototype for %s: %s, Malformed UTF-8 character (%s), Malformed UTF-16 surrogate, %s matches null string many times in regex;, ``%s'' may clash with future reserved word, % may only be used in unpack, Method for operation %s not found in package %s during blessing, Method %s not permitted, Might be a runaway multi-line %s string starting on line %d, Misplaced _ in number, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing comma after first argument to %s function, Missing command in piped open, Missing name in ``my sub'', Missing $ on loop variable, (Missing operator before %s?), Missing right brace on %s, Missing right curly or square bracket, (Missing semicolon on previous line?), Modification of a read-only value attempted, Modification of non-creatable array value attempted, %s, Modification of non-creatable hash value attempted, %s, Module name must be constant, Module name required with -%c option, More than one argument to open, msg%s not implemented, Multidimensional syntax %s not supported, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must follow a numeric type, ``my sub'' not yet implemented, ``my'' variable %s can't be in a package, Name ``%s::%s'' used only once: possible typo, Negative length, Negative offset to vec in lvalue context, Nested quantifiers in regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/, %s never introduced, No %s allowed while running setuid, No -e allowed in setuid scripts, No comma allowed after %s, No command into which to pipe on command line, No DB::DB routine defined, No dbm on this machine, No DBsub routine, No error file after 2> or 2>> on command line, No input file after < on command line, No #! line, ``no'' not allowed in expression, No output file after > on command line, No output file after > or >> on command line, No package name allowed for variable %s in ``our'', No Perl script found in input, No setregid available, No setreuid available, No space allowed after -%c, No %s specified for -%c, No such class %s, No such pipe open, No such pseudo-hash field ``%s'', No such pseudo-hash field ``%s'' in variable %s of type %s, No such signal: SIG%s, Not a CODE reference, Not a format reference, Not a GLOB reference, Not a HASH reference, Not an ARRAY reference, Not a perl script, Not a SCALAR reference, Not a subroutine reference, Not a subroutine reference in overload table, Not enough arguments for %s, Not enough format arguments, %s: not found, %s not allowed in length fields, no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Null filename used, NULL OP IN RUN, Null picture in formline, Null realloc, NULL regexp argument, NULL regexp parameter, Number too long, Octal number in vector unsupported, Octal number > 037777777777 non-portable, Odd number of arguments for overload::constant, Odd number of elements in anonymous hash, Odd number of elements in hash assignment, Offset outside string, -%s on unopened filehandle %s, %s() on unopened %s, oops: oopsAV, oops: oopsHV, Operation `%s': no method found, %s, Operator or semicolon missing before %s, ``our'' variable %s redeclared, Out of memory!, Out of memory during ``large'' request for %s, Out of memory during request for %s, Out of memory during ridiculously large request, Out of memory for yacc stack, @ outside of string, %s package attribute may clash with future reserved word: %s, page overflow, panic: %s, panic: ck_grep, panic: ck_split, panic: corrupt saved stack index, panic: del_backref, panic: die %s, panic: pp_match%s, panic: do_subst, panic: do_trans_%s, panic: frexp, panic: goto, panic: INTERPCASEMOD, panic: INTERPCONCAT, panic: kid popen errno read, panic: last, panic: leave_scope clearsv, panic: leave_scope inconsistency, panic: magic_killbackrefs, panic: malloc, panic: mapstart, panic: null array, panic: pad_alloc, panic: pad_free curpad, panic: pad_free po, panic: pad_reset curpad, panic: pad_sv po, panic: pad_swipe curpad, panic: pad_swipe po, panic: pp_iter, panic: pp_split, panic: realloc, panic: restartop, panic: return, panic: scan_num, panic: sv_insert, panic: top_env, panic: yylex, panic: utf16_to_utf8: odd bytelen, Parentheses missing around ``%s'' list, Perl %s required--this is only version %s, stopped, PERL_SH_DIR too long, perl: warning: Setting locale failed, perlio: argument list not closed for layer ``%s'', perlio: invalid separator character %s in attribute list, perlio: unknown layer ``%s'', Permission denied, pid %x not a child, P must have an explicit size, POSIX syntax [%s] belongs inside character classes in regex;, POSIX syntax [. .] is reserved for future extensions in regex;, POSIX syntax [= =] is reserved for future extensions in regex;, POSIX class [:%s:] unknown in regex;, POSIX getpgrp can't take an argument, Possible attempt to put comments in qw() list, Possible attempt to separate words with commas, Possible memory corruption: %s overflowed 3rd argument, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma ``attrs'' is deprecated, use ``sub NAME : ATTRS'' instead, Precedence problem: open %s should be open(%s), Premature end of script headers, printf() on closed filehandle %s, print() on closed filehandle %s, Process terminated by SIG%s, Prototype mismatch: %s vs %s, Prototype not terminated, Quantifier in {,} bigger than %d in regex;, Quantifier unexpected on zero-length expression;, Range iterator outside integer range, readline() on closed filehandle %s, Reallocation too large: %lx, realloc() of freed memory ignored, Recompile perl with -DDEBUGGING to use -D switch, Recursive inheritance detected in package '%s', Recursive inheritance detected while looking for method %s, Reference found where even-sized list expected, Reference is already weak, Reference miscount in sv_replace(), Reference to nonexistent group in regex;, regexp memory corruption, Regexp out of space, Repeat count in pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, Reversed %s= operator, Runaway format, Scalar value @%s[%s] better written as $%s[%s], Scalar value @%s{%s} better written as $%s{%s}, Scalars leaked: %d, Script is not setuid/setgid in suidperl, Search pattern not terminated, %sseek() on unopened filehandle, select not implemented, Self-ties of arrays and hashes are not supported, Semicolon seems to be missing, semi-panic: attempt to dup freed string, sem%s not implemented, send() on closed socket %s, Sequence (? incomplete in regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/, Sequence (?{...}) not terminated or not {}-balanced in regex;, Sequence (?%s...) not implemented in regex;, Sequence (?%s...) not recognized in regex;, Sequence (?#... not terminated in regex;, 500 Server error, Server error, setegid() not implemented, seteuid() not implemented, setpgrp can't take arguments, setrgid() not implemented, setruid() not implemented, setsockopt() on closed socket %s, Setuid/gid script is writable by world, shm%s not implemented, <> should be quotes, /%s/ should probably be written as ``%s'', shutdown() on closed socket %s, SIG%s handler ``%s'' not defined, sort is now a reserved word, Sort subroutine didn't return a numeric value, Sort subroutine didn't return single value, splice() offset past end of array, Split loop, Statement unlikely to be reached, stat() on unopened filehandle %s, Stub found while resolving method `%s' overloading %s, Subroutine %s redefined, Substitution loop, Substitution pattern not terminated, Substitution replacement not terminated, substr outside of string, suidperl is no longer needed since %s, Switch (?(condition)... contains too many branches in regex;, Switch condition not recognized in regex;, switching effective %s is not implemented, syntax error, syntax error at line %d: `%s' unexpected, syntax error in file %s at line %d, next 2 tokens ``%s'', %s syntax OK, System V %s is not implemented on this machine, syswrite() on closed filehandle %s, Target of goto is too deeply nested, tell() on unopened filehandle, That use of $[ is unsupported, The crypt() function is unimplemented due to excessive paranoia, The %s function is unimplemented, The stat preceding %s wasn't an lstat, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s), times not implemented, Too few args to syscall, Too late for ``-T'' option, Too late for ``-%s'' option, Too late to run %s block, Too many args to syscall, Too many arguments for %s, Too many )'s, Too many ('s, Trailing \ in regex m/%s/, Transliteration pattern not terminated, Transliteration replacement not terminated, truncate not implemented, Type of arg %d to %s must be %s (not %s), umask not implemented, Unable to create sub named ``%s'', Unbalanced context: %d more PUSHes than POPs, Unbalanced saves: %d more saves than restores, Unbalanced scopes: %d more ENTERs than LEAVEs, Unbalanced tmps: %d more allocs than frees, Undefined format ``%s'' called, Undefined sort subroutine ``%s'' called, Undefined subroutine &%s called, Undefined subroutine called, Undefined subroutine in sort, Undefined top format ``%s'' called, Undefined value assigned to typeglob, %s: Undefined variable, unexec of %s into %s failed!, Unicode character %s is illegal, Unknown BYTEORDER, Unknown ``re'' subpragma '%s' (known ones are: %s), Unknown switch condition (?(%.2s in regex;, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unknown warnings category '%s', unmatched [ in regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/, unmatched ( in regex; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/, Unmatched right %s bracket, Unquoted string ``%s'' may clash with future reserved word, Unrecognized character %s, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through in regex;, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unrecognized signal name ``%s'', Unrecognized switch: -%s (-h will show valid options), Unsuccessful %s on filename containing newline, Unsupported directory function ``%s'' called, Unsupported function %s, Unsupported function fork, Unsupported script encoding, Unsupported socket function ``%s'' called, Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list, Unterminated compressed integer, Unterminated <> operator, untie attempted while %d inner references still exist, Useless (?%s) - use /%s modifier in regex;, Useless (?-%s) - don't use /%s modifier in regex;, Useless use of %s in void context, Useless use of ``re'' pragma, Useless use of sort in scalar context, Useless use of %s with no values, ``use'' not allowed in expression, Use of bare << to mean <<``'' is deprecated, Use of *glob{FILEHANDLE} is deprecated, Use of chdir('') or chdir(undef) as chdir() deprecated, Use of implicit split to @_ is deprecated, Use of inherited AUTOLOAD for non-method %s() is deprecated, Use of -l on filehandle %s, Use of ``package'' with no arguments is deprecated, Use of %s in printf format not supported, Use of $* is deprecated, Use of %s is deprecated, Use of $# is deprecated, Use of reference ``%s'' as array index, Use of reserved word ``%s'' is deprecated, Use of tainted arguments in %s is deprecated, Use of uninitialized value%s, Using a hash as a reference is deprecated, Using an array as a reference is deprecated, UTF-16 surrogate %s, Value of %s can be ``0''; test with defined(), Value of CLI symbol ``%s'' too long, Variable ``%s'' is not imported%s, ``%s'' variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, Variable ``%s'' may be unavailable, Variable syntax, Variable ``%s'' will not stay shared, Variable length lookbehind not implemented in regex;, Version number must be a constant number, v-string in use/require is non-portable, Warning: something's wrong, Warning: unable to close filehandle %s properly, Warning: Use of ``%s'' without parentheses is ambiguous, Wide character in %s, write() on closed filehandle %s, X outside of string, x outside of string, Xsub ``%s'' called in sort, Xsub called in sort, YOU HAVEN'T DISABLED SET-ID SCRIPTS IN THE KERNEL YET!, You need to quote ``%s''

perllexwarn - Perl Lexical Warnings

DESCRIPTION
Default Warnings and Optional Warnings
What's wrong with -w and $^W
Controlling Warnings from the Command Line
-w, -W, -X

Backward Compatibility
Category Hierarchy
Fatal Warnings
Reporting Warnings from a Module
TODO
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perldebtut - Perl debugging tutorial

DESCRIPTION
use strict
Looking at data and -w and v
help
Stepping through code
Placeholder for a, w, t, T
REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
OUTPUT TIPS
CGI
GUIs
SUMMARY
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS

perldebug - Perl debugging

DESCRIPTION
The Perl Debugger
Debugger Commands
h, h [command], h h, p expr, x [maxdepth] expr, V [pkg [vars]], X [vars], T, s [expr], n [expr], r, <CR>, c [line|sub], l, l min+incr, l min-max, l line, l subname, -, v [line], f filename, /pattern/, ?pattern?, L [abw], S [[!]regex], t, t expr, b, b [line] [condition], b subname [condition], b postpone subname [condition], b load filename, b compile subname, B line, B *, a [line] command, A line, A *, w expr, W expr, W *, o, o booloption .., o anyoption? .., o option=value .., < ?, < [ command ], << command, > ?, > command, >> command, { ?, { [ command ], {{ command, ! number, ! -number, ! pattern, !! cmd, @ file, H -number, q or ^D, R, |dbcmd, ||dbcmd, command, m expr, M, man [manpage]

Configurable Options
recallCommand, ShellBang, pager, tkRunning, signalLevel, warnLevel, dieLevel, AutoTrace, LineInfo, inhibit_exit, PrintRet, ornaments, frame, maxTraceLen, windowSize, arrayDepth, hashDepth, dumpDepth, compactDump, veryCompact, globPrint, DumpDBFiles, DumpPackages, DumpReused, quote, HighBit, undefPrint, UsageOnly, TTY, noTTY, ReadLine, NonStop

Debugger input/output
Prompt, Multiline commands, Stack backtrace, Line Listing Format, Frame listing

Debugging compile-time statements
Debugger Customization
Readline Support
Editor Support for Debugging
The Perl Profiler
Debugging regular expressions
Debugging memory usage
SEE ALSO
BUGS

perlvar - Perl predefined variables

DESCRIPTION
Predefined Names
$ARG, $_, $a, $b, $<digits>, $MATCH, $&, $PREMATCH, $`, $POSTMATCH, $', $LAST_PAREN_MATCH, $+, $^N, @LAST_MATCH_END, @+, $MULTILINE_MATCHING, $*, HANDLE->input_line_number(EXPR), $INPUT_LINE_NUMBER, $NR, $, IO::Handle->input_record_separator(EXPR), $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $RS, $/, HANDLE->autoflush(EXPR), $OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH, $|, IO::Handle->output_field_separator EXPR, $OUTPUT_FIELD_SEPARATOR, $OFS, $,, IO::Handle->output_record_separator EXPR, $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $ORS, $\, $LIST_SEPARATOR, $``, $SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR, $SUBSEP, $;, $OFMT, $#, HANDLE->format_page_number(EXPR), $FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER, $%, HANDLE->format_lines_per_page(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE, $=, HANDLE->format_lines_left(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_LEFT, $-, @LAST_MATCH_START, @-, $` is the same as substr($var, 0, $-[0]), $& is the same as substr($var, $-[0], $+[0] - $-[0]), $' is the same as substr($var, $+[0]), $1 is the same as substr($var, $-[1], $+[1] - $-[1]), $2 is the same as substr($var, $-[2], $+[2] - $-[2]), $3 is the same as substr $var, $-[3], $+[3] - $-[3]), HANDLE->format_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_NAME, $~, HANDLE->format_top_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_TOP_NAME, $^, IO::Handle->format_line_break_characters EXPR, $FORMAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS, $:, IO::Handle->format_formfeed EXPR, $FORMAT_FORMFEED, $^L, $ACCUMULATOR, $^A, $CHILD_ERROR, $?, ${^ENCODING}, $OS_ERROR, $ERRNO, $!, $EXTENDED_OS_ERROR, $^E, $EVAL_ERROR, $@, $PROCESS_ID, $PID, $$, $REAL_USER_ID, $UID, $<, $EFFECTIVE_USER_ID, $EUID, $>, $REAL_GROUP_ID, $GID, $(, $EFFECTIVE_GROUP_ID, $EGID, $), $PROGRAM_NAME, $0, $[, $], $COMPILING, $^C, $DEBUGGING, $^D, $SYSTEM_FD_MAX, $^F, $^H, %^H, $INPLACE_EDIT, $^I, $^M, $OSNAME, $^O, ${^OPEN}, $PERLDB, $^P, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x100, 0x200, $LAST_REGEXP_CODE_RESULT, $^R, $EXCEPTIONS_BEING_CAUGHT, $^S, $BASETIME, $^T, ${^TAINT}, $PERL_VERSION, $^V, $WARNING, $^W, ${^WARNING_BITS}, ${^WIDE_SYSTEM_CALLS}, $EXECUTABLE_NAME, $^X, ARGV, $ARGV, @ARGV, @F, @INC, @_, %INC, %ENV, $ENV{expr}, %SIG, $SIG{expr}

Error Indicators
Technical Note on the Syntax of Variable Names
BUGS

perllol - Manipulating Arrays of Arrays in Perl

DESCRIPTION
Declaration and Access of Arrays of Arrays
Growing Your Own
Access and Printing
Slices
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perlopentut - tutorial on opening things in Perl

DESCRIPTION
Open à la shell
Simple Opens
Pipe Opens
The Minus File
Mixing Reads and Writes
Filters
Open à la C
Permissions à la mode
Obscure Open Tricks
Re-Opening Files (dups)
Dispelling the Dweomer
Paths as Opens
Single Argument Open
Playing with STDIN and STDOUT
Other I/O Issues
Opening Non-File Files
Binary Files
File Locking
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT
HISTORY

perlpacktut - tutorial on pack and unpack

DESCRIPTION
The Basic Principle
Packing Text
Packing Numbers
Integers
Unpacking a Stack Frame
How to Eat an Egg on a Net
Floating point Numbers
Exotic Templates
Bit Strings
Uuencoding
Doing Sums
Unicode
Another Portable Binary Encoding
Lengths and Widths
String Lengths
Dynamic Templates
Packing and Unpacking C Structures
The Alignment Pit
Alignment, Take 2
Alignment, Take 3
Pointers for How to Use Them
Pack Recipes
Funnies Section
Authors

perlretut - Perl regular expressions tutorial

DESCRIPTION
Part 1: The basics
Simple word matching
Using character classes
Matching this or that
Grouping things and hierarchical matching
Extracting matches
Matching repetitions
Building a regexp
Using regular expressions in Perl
Part 2: Power tools
More on characters, strings, and character classes
Compiling and saving regular expressions
Embedding comments and modifiers in a regular expression
Non-capturing groupings
Looking ahead and looking behind
Using independent subexpressions to prevent backtracking
Conditional expressions
A bit of magic: executing Perl code in a regular expression
Pragmas and debugging
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
Acknowledgments

perlre - Perl regular expressions

DESCRIPTION
i, m, s, x
Regular Expressions
[1], [2], [3], cntrl, graph, print, punct, xdigit

Extended Patterns
(?#text), (?imsx-imsx), (?:pattern), (?imsx-imsx:pattern), (?=pattern), (?!pattern), (?<=pattern), (?<!pattern), (?{ code }), (??{ code }), (?>pattern), (?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern), (?(condition)yes-pattern)

Backtracking
Version 8 Regular Expressions
Warning on \1 vs $1
Repeated patterns matching zero-length substring
Combining pieces together
ST, S|T, S{REPEAT_COUNT}, S{min,max}, S{min,max}?, S?, S*, S+, S??, S*?, S+?, (?>S), (?=S), (?<=S), (?!S), (?<!S), (??{ EXPR }), (?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)

Creating custom RE engines
BUGS
SEE ALSO

perlref - Perl references and nested data structures

NOTE
DESCRIPTION
Making References
Using References
Symbolic references
Not-so-symbolic references
Pseudo-hashes: Using an array as a hash
Function Templates
WARNING
SEE ALSO

perlform - Perl formats

DESCRIPTION
Format Variables
NOTES
Footers
Accessing Formatting Internals
WARNINGS

perlboot - Beginner's Object-Oriented Tutorial

DESCRIPTION
If we could talk to the animals...
Introducing the method invocation arrow
Invoking a barnyard
The extra parameter of method invocation
Calling a second method to simplify things
Inheriting the windpipes
A few notes about @ISA
Overriding the methods
Starting the search from a different place
The SUPER way of doing things
Where we're at so far...
A horse is a horse, of course of course -- or is it?
Invoking an instance method
Accessing the instance data
How to build a horse
Inheriting the constructor
Making a method work with either classes or instances
Adding parameters to a method
More interesting instances
A horse of a different color
Summary
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

perltoot - Tom's object-oriented tutorial for perl

DESCRIPTION
Creating a Class
Object Representation
Class Interface
Constructors and Instance Methods
Planning for the Future: Better Constructors
Destructors
Other Object Methods
Class Data
Accessing Class Data
Debugging Methods
Class Destructors
Documenting the Interface
Aggregation
Inheritance
Overridden Methods
Multiple Inheritance
UNIVERSAL: The Root of All Objects
Alternate Object Representations
Arrays as Objects
Closures as Objects
AUTOLOAD: Proxy Methods
Autoloaded Data Methods
Inherited Autoloaded Data Methods
Metaclassical Tools
Class::Struct
Data Members as Variables
NOTES
Object Terminology
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
COPYRIGHT
Acknowledgments

perltooc - Tom's OO Tutorial for Class Data in Perl

DESCRIPTION
Class Data in a Can
Class Data as Package Variables
Putting All Your Eggs in One Basket
Inheritance Concerns
The Eponymous Meta-Object
Indirect References to Class Data
Monadic Classes
Translucent Attributes
Class Data as Lexical Variables
Privacy and Responsibility
File-Scoped Lexicals
More Inheritance Concerns
Locking the Door and Throwing Away the Key
Translucency Revisited
NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
HISTORY

perlobj - Perl objects

DESCRIPTION
An Object is Simply a Reference
A Class is Simply a Package
A Method is Simply a Subroutine
Method Invocation
Indirect Object Syntax
Default UNIVERSAL methods
isa(CLASS), can(METHOD), VERSION( [NEED] )

Destructors
Summary
Two-Phased Garbage Collection
SEE ALSO

perlbot - Bag'o Object Tricks (the BOT)

DESCRIPTION
OO SCALING TIPS
INSTANCE VARIABLES
SCALAR INSTANCE VARIABLES
INSTANCE VARIABLE INHERITANCE
OBJECT RELATIONSHIPS
OVERRIDING SUPERCLASS METHODS
USING RELATIONSHIP WITH SDBM
THINKING OF CODE REUSE
CLASS CONTEXT AND THE OBJECT
INHERITING A CONSTRUCTOR
DELEGATION

perltie - how to hide an object class in a simple variable

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Tying Scalars
TIESCALAR classname, LIST, FETCH this, STORE this, value, UNTIE this, DESTROY this

Tying Arrays
TIEARRAY classname, LIST, FETCH this, index, STORE this, index, value, FETCHSIZE this, STORESIZE this, count, EXTEND this, count, EXISTS this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this, PUSH this, LIST, POP this, SHIFT this, UNSHIFT this, LIST, SPLICE this, offset, length, LIST, UNTIE this, DESTROY this

Tying Hashes
USER, HOME, CLOBBER, LIST, TIEHASH classname, LIST, FETCH this, key, STORE this, key, value, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this, EXISTS this, key, FIRSTKEY this, NEXTKEY this, lastkey, UNTIE this, DESTROY this

Tying FileHandles
TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, WRITE this, LIST, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, LIST, READ this, LIST, READLINE this, GETC this, CLOSE this, UNTIE this, DESTROY this

UNTIE this
The untie Gotcha
SEE ALSO
BUGS
AUTHOR

perlipc - Perl interprocess communication (signals, fifos, pipes, safe subprocesses, sockets, and semaphores)

DESCRIPTION
Signals
Named Pipes
WARNING
Using open() for IPC
Filehandles
Background Processes
Complete Dissociation of Child from Parent
Safe Pipe Opens
Bidirectional Communication with Another Process
Bidirectional Communication with Yourself
Sockets: Client/Server Communication
Internet Line Terminators
Internet TCP Clients and Servers
Unix-Domain TCP Clients and Servers
TCP Clients with IO::Socket
A Simple Client
Proto, PeerAddr, PeerPort

A Webget Client
Interactive Client with IO::Socket
TCP Servers with IO::Socket
Proto, LocalPort, Listen, Reuse

UDP: Message Passing
SysV IPC
NOTES
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlfork - Perl's fork() emulation (EXPERIMENTAL, subject to change)

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Behavior of other Perl features in forked pseudo-processes
$$ or $PROCESS_ID, %ENV, chdir() and all other builtins that accept filenames, wait() and waitpid(), kill(), exec(), exit(), Open handles to files, directories and network sockets

Resource limits
Killing the parent process
Lifetime of the parent process and pseudo-processes
CAVEATS AND LIMITATIONS
BEGIN blocks, Open filehandles, Forking pipe open() not yet implemented, Global state maintained by XSUBs, Interpreter embedded in larger application, Thread-safety of extensions

BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlnumber - semantics of numbers and numeric operations in Perl

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Storing numbers
Numeric operators and numeric conversions
Flavors of Perl numeric operations
Arithmetic operators except, no integer, Arithmetic operators except, use integer, Bitwise operators, no integer, Bitwise operators, use integer, Operators which expect an integer, Operators which expect a string

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlthrtut - tutorial on threads in Perl

DESCRIPTION

perlothrtut - old tutorial on threads in Perl

DESCRIPTION
What Is A Thread Anyway?
Threaded Program Models
Boss/Worker
Work Crew
Pipeline
Native threads
What kind of threads are perl threads?
Threadsafe Modules
Thread Basics
Basic Thread Support
Creating Threads
Giving up control
Waiting For A Thread To Exit
Errors In Threads
Ignoring A Thread
Threads And Data
Shared And Unshared Data
Thread Pitfall: Races
Controlling access: lock()
Thread Pitfall: Deadlocks
Queues: Passing Data Around
Threads And Code
Semaphores: Synchronizing Data Access
Basic semaphores, Advanced Semaphores

Attributes: Restricting Access To Subroutines
Subroutine Locks
Methods
Locking A Subroutine
General Thread Utility Routines
What Thread Am I In?
Thread IDs
Are These Threads The Same?
What Threads Are Running?
A Complete Example
Conclusion
Bibliography
Introductory Texts
OS-Related References
Other References
Acknowledgements
AUTHOR
Copyrights

perlport - Writing portable Perl

DESCRIPTION
Not all Perl programs have to be portable, Nearly all of Perl already is portable

ISSUES
Newlines
Numbers endianness and Width
Files and Filesystems
System Interaction
Interprocess Communication (IPC)
External Subroutines (XS)
Standard Modules
Time and Date
Character sets and character encoding
Internationalisation
System Resources
Security
Style
CPAN Testers
Mailing list: cpan-testers@perl.org, Testing results: http://testers.cpan.org/

PLATFORMS
Unix
DOS and Derivatives
Mac OS
VMS
VOS
EBCDIC Platforms
Acorn RISC OS
Other perls
FUNCTION IMPLEMENTATIONS
Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
-X FILEHANDLE, -X EXPR, -X, alarm SECONDS, alarm, binmode FILEHANDLE, chmod LIST, chown LIST, chroot FILENAME, chroot, crypt PLAINTEXT,SALT, dbmclose HASH, dbmopen HASH,DBNAME,MODE, dump LABEL, exec LIST, exit EXPR, exit, fcntl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, flock FILEHANDLE,OPERATION, fork, getlogin, getpgrp PID, getppid, getpriority WHICH,WHO, getpwnam NAME, getgrnam NAME, getnetbyname NAME, getpwuid UID, getgrgid GID, getnetbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getprotobynumber NUMBER, getservbyport PORT,PROTO, getpwent, getgrent, gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent, setpwent, setgrent, sethostent STAYOPEN, setnetent STAYOPEN, setprotoent STAYOPEN, setservent STAYOPEN, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent, getsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME, glob EXPR, glob, ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, kill SIGNAL, LIST, link OLDFILE,NEWFILE, lstat FILEHANDLE, lstat EXPR, lstat, msgctl ID,CMD,ARG, msgget KEY,FLAGS, msgsnd ID,MSG,FLAGS, msgrcv ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS, open FILEHANDLE,EXPR, open FILEHANDLE, pipe READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE, readlink EXPR, readlink, select RBITS,WBITS,EBITS,TIMEOUT, semctl ID,SEMNUM,CMD,ARG, semget KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS, semop KEY,OPSTRING, setgrent, setpgrp PID,PGRP, setpriority WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY, setpwent, setsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL, shmctl ID,CMD,ARG, shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS, shmread ID,VAR,POS,SIZE, shmwrite ID,STRING,POS,SIZE, sockatmark SOCKET, socketpair SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL, stat FILEHANDLE, stat EXPR, stat, symlink OLDFILE,NEWFILE, syscall LIST, sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE,PERMS, system LIST, times, truncate FILEHANDLE,LENGTH, truncate EXPR,LENGTH, umask EXPR, umask, utime LIST, wait, waitpid PID,FLAGS

CHANGES
v1.48, 02 February 2001, v1.47, 22 March 2000, v1.46, 12 February 2000, v1.45, 20 December 1999, v1.44, 19 July 1999, v1.43, 24 May 1999, v1.42, 22 May 1999, v1.41, 19 May 1999, v1.40, 11 April 1999, v1.39, 11 February 1999, v1.38, 31 December 1998, v1.37, 19 December 1998, v1.36, 9 September 1998, v1.35, 13 August 1998, v1.33, 06 August 1998, v1.32, 05 August 1998, v1.30, 03 August 1998, v1.23, 10 July 1998

Supported Platforms
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS / CONTRIBUTORS
VERSION

perllocale - Perl locale handling (internationalization and localization)

DESCRIPTION
PREPARING TO USE LOCALES
USING LOCALES
The use locale pragma
The setlocale function
Finding locales
LOCALE PROBLEMS
Temporarily fixing locale problems
Permanently fixing locale problems
Permanently fixing your system's locale configuration
Fixing system locale configuration
The localeconv function
I18N::Langinfo
LOCALE CATEGORIES
Category LC_COLLATE: Collation
Category LC_CTYPE: Character Types
Category LC_NUMERIC: Numeric Formatting
Category LC_MONETARY: Formatting of monetary amounts
LC_TIME
Other categories
SECURITY
ENVIRONMENT
PERL_BADLANG, LC_ALL, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE, LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY, LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME, LANG

NOTES
Backward compatibility
I18N:Collate obsolete
Sort speed and memory use impacts
write() and LC_NUMERIC
Freely available locale definitions
I18n and l10n
An imperfect standard
BUGS
Broken systems
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

perluniintro - Perl Unicode introduction

DESCRIPTION
Unicode
Perl's Unicode Support
Perl's Unicode Model
Creating Unicode
Handling Unicode
Legacy Encodings
Unicode I/O
Displaying Unicode As Text
Special Cases
Advanced Topics
Miscellaneous
Questions With Answers
, , , , , ,

Hexadecimal Notation
Further Resources
UNICODE IN OLDER PERLS
SEE ALSO
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT, AND LICENSE

perlunicode - Unicode support in Perl

DESCRIPTION
Important Caveats
Input and Output Disciplines, Regular Expressions, use utf8 still needed to enable UTF-8/UTF-EBCDIC in scripts

Byte and Character semantics
Effects of character semantics
Scripts
Blocks
Character encodings for input and output
CAVEATS
UNICODE REGULAR EXPRESSION SUPPORT LEVEL
Unicode Encodings
Security Implications of Malformed UTF-8
Unicode in Perl on EBCDIC
Using Unicode in XS
SEE ALSO

perlebcdic - Considerations for running Perl on EBCDIC platforms

DESCRIPTION
COMMON CHARACTER CODE SETS
ASCII
ISO 8859
Latin 1 (ISO 8859-1)
EBCDIC
  • variant characters
  • POSIX-BC
    Unicode and UTF
    Using Encode
    SINGLE OCTET TABLES
    recipe 0, recipe 1, recipe 2, recipe 3, recipe 4, recipe 5, recipe 6

    IDENTIFYING CHARACTER CODE SETS
    CONVERSIONS
    tr///
    iconv
    C RTL
    OPERATOR DIFFERENCES
    FUNCTION DIFFERENCES
    chr(), ord(), pack(), print(), printf(), sort(), sprintf(), unpack()

    REGULAR EXPRESSION DIFFERENCES
    SOCKETS
    SORTING
    Ignore ASCII vs. EBCDIC sort differences.
    MONO CASE then sort data.
    Convert, sort data, then re convert.
    Perform sorting on one type of machine only.
    TRANSFORMATION FORMATS
    URL decoding and encoding
    uu encoding and decoding
    Quoted-Printable encoding and decoding
    Caesarian ciphers
    Hashing order and checksums
    I18N AND L10N
    MULTI OCTET CHARACTER SETS
    OS ISSUES
    OS/400
    IFS access

    OS/390, z/OS
    chcp, dataset access, OS/390, z/OS iconv, locales

    VM/ESA?
    POSIX-BC?
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO
    REFERENCES
    HISTORY
    AUTHOR

    perlsec - Perl security

    DESCRIPTION
    Laundering and Detecting Tainted Data
    Switches On the ``#!'' Line
    Cleaning Up Your Path
    Security Bugs
    Protecting Your Programs
    SEE ALSO

    perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables)

    DESCRIPTION
    Packages
    Symbol Tables
    Package Constructors and Destructors
    Perl Classes
    Perl Modules
    Making your module threadsafe
    SEE ALSO

    perlmodinstall - Installing CPAN Modules

    DESCRIPTION
    PREAMBLE
    DECOMPRESS the file, UNPACK the file into a directory, BUILD the module (sometimes unnecessary), INSTALL the module

    PORTABILITY
    HEY
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    perlmodlib - constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones

    DESCRIPTION
    THE PERL MODULE LIBRARY
    Pragmatic Modules
    attributes, autouse, base, blib, bytes, charnames, constant, diagnostics, encoding, fields, filetest, integer, less, locale, open, overload, sigtrap, sort, strict, subs, utf8, vars, vmsish, warnings, warnings::register

    Standard Modules
    AnyDBM_File, Attribute::Handlers, AutoLoader, AutoSplit, Benchmark, CGI, CGI::Apache, CGI::Carp, CGI::Cookie, CGI::Fast, CGI::Pretty, CGI::Push, CGI::Switch, CGI::Util, CPAN, CPAN::FirstTime, CPAN::Nox, Carp, Carp::Heavy, Class::ISA, Class::Struct, Cwd, DB, Devel::SelfStubber, Digest, DirHandle, Dumpvalue, English, Env, Exporter, Exporter::Heavy, ExtUtils::Command, ExtUtils::Constant, ExtUtils::Embed, ExtUtils::Install, ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Liblist, ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin, ExtUtils::MM_NW5, ExtUtils::MM_OS2, ExtUtils::MM_Unix, ExtUtils::MM_VMS, ExtUtils::MM_Win32, ExtUtils::MakeMaker, ExtUtils::Manifest, ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap, ExtUtils::Mksymlists, ExtUtils::Packlist, ExtUtils::testlib, Fatal, File::Basename, File::CheckTree, File::Compare, File::Copy, File::DosGlob, File::Find, File::Path, File::Spec, File::Spec::Cygwin, File::Spec::Epoc, File::Spec::Functions, File::Spec::Mac, File::Spec::OS2, File::Spec::Unix, File::Spec::VMS, File::Spec::Win32, File::Temp, File::stat, FileCache, FileHandle, Filter::Simple, FindBin, Getopt::Long, Getopt::Std, I18N::Collate, I18N::LangTags, I18N::LangTags::List, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3, Locale::Constants, Locale::Country, Locale::Currency, Locale::Language, Locale::Maketext, Locale::Maketext::TPJ13, Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt, Math::BigInt::Calc, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Memoize, Memoize::AnyDBM_File, Memoize::Expire, Memoize::ExpireFile, Memoize::ExpireTest, Memoize::NDBM_File, Memoize::SDBM_File, Memoize::Storable, NEXT, Net::Cmd, Net::Config, Net::Domain, Net::FTP, Net::NNTP, Net::Netrc, Net::POP3, Net::Ping, Net::SMTP, Net::Time, Net::hostent, Net::libnetFAQ, Net::netent, Net::protoent, Net::servent, PerlIO, Pod::Checker, Pod::Find, Pod::Functions, Pod::Html, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::LaTeX, Pod::Man, Pod::ParseLink, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Parser, Pod::Plainer, Pod::Select, Pod::Text, Pod::Text::Color, Pod::Text::Overstrike, Pod::Text::Termcap, Pod::Usage, Pod::t::basic, Search::Dict, SelectSaver, SelfLoader, Shell, Switch, Symbol, Term::ANSIColor, Term::Cap, Term::Complete, Term::ReadLine, Test, Test::Builder, Test::Harness, Test::More, Test::Simple, Test::Tutorial, Text::Abbrev, Text::Balanced, Text::ParseWords, Text::Soundex, Text::Tabs, Text::Wrap, Thread, Tie::Array, Tie::Handle, Tie::Hash, Tie::RefHash, Tie::Scalar, Tie::SubstrHash, Time::Local, Time::gmtime, Time::localtime, Time::tm, UNIVERSAL, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::UCD, User::grent, User::pwent, Win32

    Extension Modules
    CPAN
    Africa
    Asia
    Central America
    Europe
    North America
    Oceania
    South America
    Modules: Creation, Use, and Abuse
    Guidelines for Module Creation
    Guidelines for Converting Perl 4 Library Scripts into Modules
    Guidelines for Reusing Application Code
    NOTE

    perlmodstyle - Perl module style guide

    INTRODUCTION
    QUICK CHECKLIST
    Before you start
    The API
    Stability
    Documentation
    Release considerations
    BEFORE YOU START WRITING A MODULE
    Has it been done before?
    Do one thing and do it well
    What's in a name?
    DESIGNING AND WRITING YOUR MODULE
    To OO or not to OO?
    Designing your API
    Write simple routines to do simple things, Separate functionality from output, Provide sensible shortcuts and defaults, Naming conventions, Parameter passing

    Strictness and warnings
    Backwards compatibility
    Error handling and messages
    DOCUMENTING YOUR MODULE
    POD
    README, INSTALL, release notes, changelogs
    RELEASE CONSIDERATIONS
    Version numbering
    Pre-requisites
    Testing
    Packaging
    Licensing
    COMMON PITFALLS
    Reinventing the wheel
    Trying to do too much
    Inappropriate documentation
    SEE ALSO
    perlstyle, perlnewmod, perlpod, podchecker, Testing tools, http://pause.perl.org/, Any good book on software engineering

    AUTHOR

    perlnewmod - preparing a new module for distribution

    DESCRIPTION
    Warning
    What should I make into a module?
    Step-by-step: Preparing the ground
    Look around, Check it's new, Discuss the need, Choose a name, Check again

    Step-by-step: Making the module
    Start with h2xs, Use strict and warnings, Use Carp, Use Exporter - wisely!, Use plain old documentation, Write tests, Write the README

    Step-by-step: Distributing your module
    Get a CPAN user ID, perl Makefile.PL; make test; make dist, Upload the tarball, Announce to the modules list, Announce to clpa, Fix bugs!

    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl ($Revision: 1.6 $, $Date: 2002/01/31 01:46:23 $)

    DESCRIPTION
    What is Perl?
    Who supports Perl? Who develops it? Why is it free?
    Which version of Perl should I use?
    What are perl4 and perl5?
    What is perl6?
    How stable is Perl?
    Is Perl difficult to learn?
    How does Perl compare with other languages like Java, Python, REXX, Scheme, or Tcl?
    Can I do [task] in Perl?
    When shouldn't I program in Perl?
    What's the difference between ``perl'' and ``Perl''?
    Is it a Perl program or a Perl script?
    What is a JAPH?
    Where can I get a list of Larry Wall witticisms?
    How can I convince my sysadmin/supervisor/employees to use version 5/5.6.1/Perl instead of some other language?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about Perl ($Revision: 1.8 $, $Date: 2002/02/08 22:31:57 $)

    DESCRIPTION
    What machines support Perl? Where do I get it?
    How can I get a binary version of Perl?
    I don't have a C compiler on my system. How can I compile perl?
    I copied the Perl binary from one machine to another, but scripts don't work.
    I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but gdbm/dynamic loading/malloc/linking/... failed. How do I make it work?
    What modules and extensions are available for Perl? What is CPAN? What does CPAN/src/... mean?
    Is there an ISO or ANSI certified version of Perl?
    Where can I get information on Perl?
    What are the Perl newsgroups on Usenet? Where do I post questions?
    Where should I post source code?
    Perl Books
    References, Tutorials, Task-Oriented, Special Topics

    Perl in Magazines
    Perl on the Net: FTP and WWW Access
    What mailing lists are there for Perl?
    Archives of comp.lang.perl.misc
    Where can I buy a commercial version of Perl?
    Where do I send bug reports?
    What is perl.com? Perl Mongers? pm.org? perl.org? cpan.org?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    perlfaq3 - Programming Tools ($Revision: 1.15 $, $Date: 2002/02/11 19:29:52 $)

    DESCRIPTION
    How do I do (anything)?
    How can I use Perl interactively?
    Is there a Perl shell?
    How do I debug my Perl programs?
    How do I profile my Perl programs?
    How do I cross-reference my Perl programs?
    Is there a pretty-printer (formatter) for Perl?
    Is there a ctags for Perl?
    Is there an IDE or Windows Perl Editor?
    Komodo, The Object System, Open Perl IDE, PerlBuilder, visiPerl+, CodeMagicCD, GNU Emacs, MicroEMACS, XEmacs, Elvis, Vile, Vim, Codewright, MultiEdit, SlickEdit, Bash, Ksh, Tcsh, Zsh, BBEdit and BBEdit Lite, Alpha

    Where can I get Perl macros for vi?
    Where can I get perl-mode for emacs?
    How can I use curses with Perl?
    How can I use X or Tk with Perl?
    How can I generate simple menus without using CGI or Tk?
    How can I make my Perl program run faster?
    How can I make my Perl program take less memory?
    Don't slurp!, Use map and grep selectively, Avoid unnecessary quotes and stringification, Pass by reference, Tie large variables to disk

    Is it unsafe to return a pointer to local data?
    How can I free an array or hash so my program shrinks?
    How can I make my CGI script more efficient?
    How can I hide the source for my Perl program?
    How can I compile my Perl program into byte code or C?
    How can I compile Perl into Java?
    How can I get #!perl to work on [MS-DOS,NT,...]?
    Can I write useful Perl programs on the command line?
    Why don't Perl one-liners work on my DOS/Mac/VMS system?
    Where can I learn about CGI or Web programming in Perl?
    Where can I learn about object-oriented Perl programming?
    Where can I learn about linking C with Perl? [h2xs, xsubpp]
    I've read perlembed, perlguts, etc., but I can't embed perl in my C program; what am I doing wrong?
    When I tried to run my script, I got this message. What does it mean?
    What's MakeMaker?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    perlfaq4 - Data Manipulation ($Revision: 1.14 $, $Date: 2002/02/08 22:30:23 $)

    DESCRIPTION
    Data: Numbers
    Why am I getting long decimals (eg, 19.9499999999999) instead of the numbers I should be getting (eg, 19.95)?
    Why isn't my octal data interpreted correctly?
    Does Perl have a round() function? What about ceil() and floor()? Trig functions?
    How do I convert between numeric representations?
    How do I convert Hexadecimal into decimal:, How do I convert from decimal to hexadecimal:, How do I convert from octal to decimal:, How do I convert from decimal to octal:, How do I convert from binary to decimal:, How do I convert from decimal to binary:

    Why doesn't & work the way I want it to?
    How do I multiply matrices?
    How do I perform an operation on a series of integers?
    How can I output Roman numerals?
    Why aren't my random numbers random?
    Data: Dates
    How do I find the week-of-the-year/day-of-the-year?
    How do I find the current century or millennium?
    How can I compare two dates and find the difference?
    How can I take a string and turn it into epoch seconds?
    How can I find the Julian Day?
    How do I find yesterday's date?
    Does Perl have a Year 2000 problem? Is Perl Y2K compliant?
    Data: Strings
    How do I validate input?
    How do I unescape a string?
    How do I remove consecutive pairs of characters?
    How do I expand function calls in a string?
    How do I find matching/nesting anything?
    How do I reverse a string?
    How do I expand tabs in a string?
    How do I reformat a paragraph?
    How can I access/change the first N letters of a string?
    How do I change the Nth occurrence of something?
    How can I count the number of occurrences of a substring within a string?
    How do I capitalize all the words on one line?
    How can I split a [character] delimited string except when inside [character]? (Comma-separated files)
    How do I strip blank space from the beginning/end of a string?
    How do I pad a string with blanks or pad a number with zeroes?
    How do I extract selected columns from a string?
    How do I find the soundex value of a string?
    How can I expand variables in text strings?
    What's wrong with always quoting ``$vars''?
    Why don't my <<HERE documents work?
    1. There must be no space after the << part, 2. There (probably) should be a semicolon at the end, 3. You can't (easily) have any space in front of the tag

    Data: Arrays
    What is the difference between a list and an array?
    What is the difference between $array[1] and @array[1]?
    How can I remove duplicate elements from a list or array?
    a), b), c), d), e)

    How can I tell whether a certain element is contained in a list or array?
    How do I compute the difference of two arrays? How do I compute the intersection of two arrays?
    How do I test whether two arrays or hashes are equal?
    How do I find the first array element for which a condition is true?
    How do I handle linked lists?
    How do I handle circular lists?
    How do I shuffle an array randomly?
    How do I process/modify each element of an array?
    How do I select a random element from an array?
    How do I permute N elements of a list?
    How do I sort an array by (anything)?
    How do I manipulate arrays of bits?
    Why does defined() return true on empty arrays and hashes?
    Data: Hashes (Associative Arrays)
    How do I process an entire hash?
    What happens if I add or remove keys from a hash while iterating over it?
    How do I look up a hash element by value?
    How can I know how many entries are in a hash?
    How do I sort a hash (optionally by value instead of key)?
    How can I always keep my hash sorted?
    What's the difference between ``delete'' and ``undef'' with hashes?
    Why don't my tied hashes make the defined/exists distinction?
    How do I reset an each() operation part-way through?
    How can I get the unique keys from two hashes?
    How can I store a multidimensional array in a DBM file?
    How can I make my hash remember the order I put elements into it?
    Why does passing a subroutine an undefined element in a hash create it?
    How can I make the Perl equivalent of a C structure/C++ class/hash or array of hashes or arrays?
    How can I use a reference as a hash key?
    Data: Misc
    How do I handle binary data correctly?
    How do I determine whether a scalar is a number/whole/integer/float?
    How do I keep persistent data across program calls?
    How do I print out or copy a recursive data structure?
    How do I define methods for every class/object?
    How do I verify a credit card checksum?
    How do I pack arrays of doubles or floats for XS code?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    perlfaq5 - Files and Formats ($Revision: 1.9 $, $Date: 2002/02/11 19:30:21 $)

    DESCRIPTION
    How do I flush/unbuffer an output filehandle? Why must I do this?
    How do I change one line in a file/delete a line in a file/insert a line in the middle of a file/append to the beginning of a file?
    How do I count the number of lines in a file?
    How do I make a temporary file name?
    How can I manipulate fixed-record-length files?
    How can I make a filehandle local to a subroutine? How do I pass filehandles between subroutines? How do I make an array of filehandles?
    How can I use a filehandle indirectly?
    How can I set up a footer format to be used with write()?
    How can I write() into a string?
    How can I output my numbers with commas added?
    How can I translate tildes (~) in a filename?
    How come when I open a file read-write it wipes it out?
    Why do I sometimes get an ``Argument list too long'' when I use <*>?
    Is there a leak/bug in glob()?
    How can I open a file with a leading ``>'' or trailing blanks?
    How can I reliably rename a file?
    How can I lock a file?
    Why can't I just open(FH, ``>file.lock'')?
    I still don't get locking. I just want to increment the number in the file. How can I do this?
    All I want to do is append a small amount of text to the end of a file. Do I still have to use locking?
    How do I randomly update a binary file?
    How do I get a file's timestamp in perl?
    How do I set a file's timestamp in perl?
    How do I print to more than one file at once?
    How can I read in an entire file all at once?
    How can I read in a file by paragraphs?
    How can I read a single character from a file? From the keyboard?
    How can I tell whether there's a character waiting on a filehandle?
    How do I do a tail -f in perl?
    How do I dup() a filehandle in Perl?
    How do I close a file descriptor by number?
    Why can't I use ``C:\temp\foo'' in DOS paths? What doesn't `C:\temp\foo.exe` work?
    Why doesn't glob(``*.*'') get all the files?
    Why does Perl let me delete read-only files? Why does -i clobber protected files? Isn't this a bug in Perl?
    How do I select a random line from a file?
    Why do I get weird spaces when I print an array of lines?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    perlfaq6 - Regular Expressions ($Revision: 1.8 $, $Date: 2002/01/31 04:27:55 $)

    DESCRIPTION
    How can I hope to use regular expressions without creating illegible and unmaintainable code?
    Comments Outside the Regex, Comments Inside the Regex, Different Delimiters

    I'm having trouble matching over more than one line. What's wrong?
    How can I pull out lines between two patterns that are themselves on different lines?
    I put a regular expression into $/ but it didn't work. What's wrong?
    How do I substitute case insensitively on the LHS while preserving case on the RHS?
    How can I make \w match national character sets?
    How can I match a locale-smart version of /[a-zA-Z]/?
    How can I quote a variable to use in a regex?
    What is /o really for?
    How do I use a regular expression to strip C style comments from a file?
    Can I use Perl regular expressions to match balanced text?
    What does it mean that regexes are greedy? How can I get around it?
    How do I process each word on each line?
    How can I print out a word-frequency or line-frequency summary?
    How can I do approximate matching?
    How do I efficiently match many regular expressions at once?
    Why don't word-boundary searches with \b work for me?
    Why does using $&, $`, or $' slow my program down?
    What good is \G in a regular expression?
    Are Perl regexes DFAs or NFAs? Are they POSIX compliant?
    What's wrong with using grep or map in a void context?
    How can I match strings with multibyte characters?
    How do I match a pattern that is supplied by the user?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    perlfaq7 - General Perl Language Issues ($Revision: 1.7 $, $Date: 2002/01/31 04:27:55 $)

    DESCRIPTION
    Can I get a BNF/yacc/RE for the Perl language?
    What are all these $@%&* punctuation signs, and how do I know when to use them?
    Do I always/never have to quote my strings or use semicolons and commas?
    How do I skip some return values?
    How do I temporarily block warnings?
    What's an extension?
    Why do Perl operators have different precedence than C operators?
    How do I declare/create a structure?
    How do I create a module?
    How do I create a class?
    How can I tell if a variable is tainted?
    What's a closure?
    What is variable suicide and how can I prevent it?
    How can I pass/return a {Function, FileHandle, Array, Hash, Method, Regex}?
    Passing Variables and Functions, Passing Filehandles, Passing Regexes, Passing Methods

    How do I create a static variable?
    What's the difference between dynamic and lexical (static) scoping? Between local() and my()?
    How can I access a dynamic variable while a similarly named lexical is in scope?
    What's the difference between deep and shallow binding?
    Why doesn't ``my($foo) = <FILE>;'' work right?
    How do I redefine a builtin function, operator, or method?
    What's the difference between calling a function as &foo and foo()?
    How do I create a switch or case statement?
    How can I catch accesses to undefined variables/functions/methods?
    Why can't a method included in this same file be found?
    How can I find out my current package?
    How can I comment out a large block of perl code?
    How do I clear a package?
    How can I use a variable as a variable name?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    perlfaq8 - System Interaction ($Revision: 1.6 $, $Date: 2002/01/28 04:17:27 $)

    DESCRIPTION
    How do I find out which operating system I'm running under?
    How come exec() doesn't return?
    How do I do fancy stuff with the keyboard/screen/mouse?
    Keyboard, Screen, Mouse

    How do I print something out in color?
    How do I read just one key without waiting for a return key?
    How do I check whether input is ready on the keyboard?
    How do I clear the screen?
    How do I get the screen size?
    How do I ask the user for a password?
    How do I read and write the serial port?
    lockfiles, open mode, end of line, flushing output, non-blocking input

    How do I decode encrypted password files?
    How do I start a process in the background?
    STDIN, STDOUT, and STDERR are shared, Signals, Zombies

    How do I trap control characters/signals?
    How do I modify the shadow password file on a Unix system?
    How do I set the time and date?
    How can I sleep() or alarm() for under a second?
    How can I measure time under a second?
    How can I do an atexit() or setjmp()/longjmp()? (Exception handling)
    Why doesn't my sockets program work under System V (Solaris)? What does the error message ``Protocol not supported'' mean?
    How can I call my system's unique C functions from Perl?
    Where do I get the include files to do ioctl() or syscall()?
    Why do setuid perl scripts complain about kernel problems?
    How can I open a pipe both to and from a command?
    Why can't I get the output of a command with system()?
    How can I capture STDERR from an external command?
    Why doesn't open() return an error when a pipe open fails?
    What's wrong with using backticks in a void context?
    How can I call backticks without shell processing?
    Why can't my script read from STDIN after I gave it EOF (^D on Unix, ^Z on MS-DOS)?
    How can I convert my shell script to perl?
    Can I use perl to run a telnet or ftp session?
    How can I write expect in Perl?
    Is there a way to hide perl's command line from programs such as ``ps''?
    I {changed directory, modified my environment} in a perl script. How come the change disappeared when I exited the script? How do I get my changes to be visible?
    Unix

    How do I close a process's filehandle without waiting for it to complete?
    How do I fork a daemon process?
    How do I find out if I'm running interactively or not?
    How do I timeout a slow event?
    How do I set CPU limits?
    How do I avoid zombies on a Unix system?
    How do I use an SQL database?
    How do I make a system() exit on control-C?
    How do I open a file without blocking?
    How do I install a module from CPAN?
    What's the difference between require and use?
    How do I keep my own module/library directory?
    How do I add the directory my program lives in to the module/library search path?
    How do I add a directory to my include path at runtime?
    What is socket.ph and where do I get it?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    perlfaq9 - Networking ($Revision: 1.7 $, $Date: 2002/01/28 04:17:27 $)

    DESCRIPTION
    What is the correct form of response from a CGI script?
    My CGI script runs from the command line but not the browser. (500 Server Error)
    How can I get better error messages from a CGI program?
    How do I remove HTML from a string?
    How do I extract URLs?
    How do I download a file from the user's machine? How do I open a file on another machine?
    How do I make a pop-up menu in HTML?
    How do I fetch an HTML file?
    How do I automate an HTML form submission?
    How do I decode or create those %-encodings on the web?
    How do I redirect to another page?
    How do I put a password on my web pages?
    How do I edit my .htpasswd and .htgroup files with Perl?
    How do I make sure users can't enter values into a form that cause my CGI script to do bad things?
    How do I parse a mail header?
    How do I decode a CGI form?
    How do I check a valid mail address?
    How do I decode a MIME/BASE64 string?
    How do I return the user's mail address?
    How do I send mail?
    How do I use MIME to make an attachment to a mail message?
    How do I read mail?
    How do I find out my hostname/domainname/IP address?
    How do I fetch a news article or the active newsgroups?
    How do I fetch/put an FTP file?
    How can I do RPC in Perl?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    perlcompile - Introduction to the Perl Compiler-Translator

    DESCRIPTION
    Layout
    B::Bytecode, B::C, B::CC, B::Lint, B::Deparse, B::Xref

    Using The Back Ends
    The Cross Referencing Back End
    i, &, s, r

    The Decompiling Back End
    The Lint Back End
    The Simple C Back End
    The Bytecode Back End
    The Optimized C Back End
    B, O, B::Asmdata, B::Assembler, B::Bblock, B::Bytecode, B::C, B::CC, B::Debug, B::Deparse, B::Disassembler, B::Lint, B::Showlex, B::Stackobj, B::Stash, B::Terse, B::Xref

    KNOWN PROBLEMS
    AUTHOR

    perlembed - how to embed perl in your C program

    DESCRIPTION
    PREAMBLE
    Use C from Perl?, Use a Unix program from Perl?, Use Perl from Perl?, Use C from C?, Use Perl from C?

    ROADMAP
    Compiling your C program
    Adding a Perl interpreter to your C program
    Calling a Perl subroutine from your C program
    Evaluating a Perl statement from your C program
    Performing Perl pattern matches and substitutions from your C program
    Fiddling with the Perl stack from your C program
    Maintaining a persistent interpreter
    Execution of END blocks
    Maintaining multiple interpreter instances
    Using Perl modules, which themselves use C libraries, from your C program
    Embedding Perl under Win32
    MORAL
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    perldebguts - Guts of Perl debugging

    DESCRIPTION
    Debugger Internals
    Writing Your Own Debugger
    Frame Listing Output Examples
    Debugging regular expressions
    Compile-time output
    anchored STRING at POS, floating STRING at POS1..POS2, matching floating/anchored, minlen, stclass TYPE, noscan, isall, GPOS, plus, implicit, with eval, anchored(TYPE)

    Types of nodes
    Run-time output
    Debugging Perl memory usage
    Using $ENV{PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS}
    buckets SMALLEST(APPROX)..GREATEST(APPROX), Free/Used, Total sbrk(): SBRKed/SBRKs:CONTINUOUS, pad: 0, heads: 2192, chain: 0, tail: 6144

    Example of using -DL switch
    717, 002, 054, 602, 702, 704

    -DL details
    !!!, !!, !

    Limitations of -DL statistics
    SEE ALSO

    perlxstut, perlXStut - Tutorial for writing XSUBs

    DESCRIPTION
    SPECIAL NOTES
    make
    Version caveat
    Dynamic Loading versus Static Loading
    TUTORIAL
    EXAMPLE 1
    EXAMPLE 2
    What has gone on?
    Writing good test scripts
    EXAMPLE 3
    What's new here?
    Input and Output Parameters
    The XSUBPP Program
    The TYPEMAP file
    Warning about Output Arguments
    EXAMPLE 4
    What has happened here?
    Anatomy of .xs file
    Getting the fat out of XSUBs
    More about XSUB arguments
    The Argument Stack
    Extending your Extension
    Documenting your Extension
    Installing your Extension
    EXAMPLE 5
    New Things in this Example
    EXAMPLE 6
    New Things in this Example
    EXAMPLE 7 (Coming Soon)
    EXAMPLE 8 (Coming Soon)
    EXAMPLE 9 (Coming Soon)
    Troubleshooting these Examples
    See also
    Author
    Last Changed

    perlxs - XS language reference manual

    DESCRIPTION
    Introduction
    On The Road
    The Anatomy of an XSUB
    The Argument Stack
    The RETVAL Variable
    The MODULE Keyword
    The PACKAGE Keyword
    The PREFIX Keyword
    The OUTPUT: Keyword
    The NO_OUTPUT Keyword
    The CODE: Keyword
    The INIT: Keyword
    The NO_INIT Keyword
    Initializing Function Parameters
    Default Parameter Values
    The PREINIT: Keyword
    The SCOPE: Keyword
    The INPUT: Keyword
    The IN/OUTLIST/IN_OUTLIST/OUT/IN_OUT Keywords
    The length(NAME) Keyword
    Variable-length Parameter Lists
    The C_ARGS: Keyword
    The PPCODE: Keyword
    Returning Undef And Empty Lists
    The REQUIRE: Keyword
    The CLEANUP: Keyword
    The POSTCALL: Keyword
    The BOOT: Keyword
    The VERSIONCHECK: Keyword
    The PROTOTYPES: Keyword
    The PROTOTYPE: Keyword
    The ALIAS: Keyword
    The OVERLOAD: Keyword
    The INTERFACE: Keyword
    The INTERFACE_MACRO: Keyword
    The INCLUDE: Keyword
    The CASE: Keyword
    The & Unary Operator
    Inserting POD, Comments and C Preprocessor Directives
    Using XS With C++
    Interface Strategy
    Perl Objects And C Structures
    The Typemap
    Safely Storing Static Data in XS
    MY_CXT_KEY, typedef my_cxt_t, START_MY_CXT, MY_CXT_INIT, dMY_CXT, MY_CXT

    EXAMPLES
    XS VERSION
    AUTHOR

    perlclib - Internal replacements for standard C library functions

    DESCRIPTION
    Conventions
    t, p, n, s

    File Operations
    File Input and Output
    File Positioning
    Memory Management and String Handling
    Character Class Tests
    stdlib.h functions
    Miscellaneous functions
    SEE ALSO

    perlguts - Introduction to the Perl API

    DESCRIPTION
    Variables
    Datatypes
    What is an ``IV''?
    Working with SVs
    Offsets
    What's Really Stored in an SV?
    Working with AVs
    Working with HVs
    Hash API Extensions
    References
    Blessed References and Class Objects
    Creating New Variables
    Reference Counts and Mortality
    Stashes and Globs
    Double-Typed SVs
    Magic Variables
    Assigning Magic
    Magic Virtual Tables
    Finding Magic
    Understanding the Magic of Tied Hashes and Arrays
    Localizing changes
    SAVEINT(int i), SAVEIV(IV i), SAVEI32(I32 i), SAVELONG(long i), SAVESPTR(s), SAVEPPTR(p), SAVEFREESV(SV *sv), SAVEMORTALIZESV(SV *sv), SAVEFREEOP(OP *op), SAVEFREEPV(p), SAVECLEARSV(SV *sv), SAVEDELETE(HV *hv, char *key, I32 length), SAVEDESTRUCTOR(DESTRUCTORFUNC_NOCONTEXT_t f, void *p), SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(DESTRUCTORFUNC_t f, void *p), SAVESTACK_POS(), SV* save_scalar(GV *gv), AV* save_ary(GV *gv), HV* save_hash(GV *gv), void save_item(SV *item), void save_list(SV **sarg, I32 maxsarg), SV* save_svref(SV **sptr), void save_aptr(AV **aptr), void save_hptr(HV **hptr)

    Subroutines
    XSUBs and the Argument Stack
    Calling Perl Routines from within C Programs
    Memory Allocation
    PerlIO
    Putting a C value on Perl stack
    Scratchpads
    Scratchpads and recursion
    Compiled code
    Code tree
    Examining the tree
    Compile pass 1: check routines
    Compile pass 1a: constant folding
    Compile pass 2: context propagation
    Compile pass 3: peephole optimization
    Pluggable runops
    Examining internal data structures with the dump functions
    How multiple interpreters and concurrency are supported
    Background and PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
    So what happened to dTHR?
    How do I use all this in extensions?
    Should I do anything special if I call perl from multiple threads?
    Future Plans and PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS
    Internal Functions
    A, p, d, s, n, r, f, M, o, j, x
    Formatted Printing of IVs, UVs, and NVs
    Pointer-To-Integer and Integer-To-Pointer
    Source Documentation
    Unicode Support
    What is Unicode, anyway?
    How can I recognise a UTF8 string?
    How does UTF8 represent Unicode characters?
    How does Perl store UTF8 strings?
    How do I convert a string to UTF8?
    Is there anything else I need to know?
    Custom Operators
    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO

    perlcall - Perl calling conventions from C

    DESCRIPTION
    An Error Handler, An Event Driven Program

    THE CALL_ FUNCTIONS
    call_sv, call_pv, call_method, call_argv

    FLAG VALUES
    G_VOID
    G_SCALAR
    G_ARRAY
    G_DISCARD
    G_NOARGS
    G_EVAL
    G_KEEPERR
    Determining the Context
    KNOWN PROBLEMS
    EXAMPLES
    No Parameters, Nothing returned
    Passing Parameters
    Returning a Scalar
    Returning a list of values
    Returning a list in a scalar context
    Returning Data from Perl via the parameter list
    Using G_EVAL
    Using G_KEEPERR
    Using call_sv
    Using call_argv
    Using call_method
    Using GIMME_V
    Using Perl to dispose of temporaries
    Strategies for storing Callback Context Information
    1. Ignore the problem - Allow only 1 callback, 2. Create a sequence of callbacks - hard wired limit, 3. Use a parameter to map to the Perl callback

    Alternate Stack Manipulation
    Creating and calling an anonymous subroutine in C
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    DATE

    perlutil - utilities packaged with the Perl distribution

    DESCRIPTION
    DOCUMENTATION
    perldoc, pod2man and pod2text, pod2html and pod2latex, pod2usage, podselect, podchecker, splain, roffitall

    CONVERTORS
    a2p, s2p, find2perl

    Administration
    libnetcfg

    Development
    perlbug, h2ph, c2ph and pstruct, h2xs, dprofpp, perlcc

    SEE ALSO

    perlfilter - Source Filters

    DESCRIPTION
    CONCEPTS
    USING FILTERS
    WRITING A SOURCE FILTER
    WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN C
    Decryption Filters

    CREATING A SOURCE FILTER AS A SEPARATE EXECUTABLE
    WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN PERL
    USING CONTEXT: THE DEBUG FILTER
    CONCLUSION
    REQUIREMENTS
    AUTHOR
    Copyrights

    perldbmfilter - Perl DBM Filters

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key, filter_fetch_value
    The Filter
    An Example -- the NULL termination problem.
    Another Example -- Key is a C int.
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    perlapi - autogenerated documentation for the perl public API

    DESCRIPTION
    ``Gimme'' Values
    GIMME, GIMME_V, G_ARRAY, G_DISCARD, G_EVAL, G_NOARGS, G_SCALAR, G_VOID

    Array Manipulation Functions
    AvFILL, av_clear, av_delete, av_exists, av_extend, av_fetch, av_fill, av_len, av_make, av_pop, av_push, av_shift, av_store, av_undef, av_unshift, get_av, newAV, Nullav, sortsv

    Callback Functions
    call_argv, call_method, call_pv, call_sv, ENTER, eval_pv, eval_sv, FREETMPS, LEAVE, SAVETMPS

    Character classes
    isALNUM, isALPHA, isDIGIT, isLOWER, isSPACE, isUPPER, toLOWER, toUPPER

    Cloning an interpreter
    perl_clone

    CV Manipulation Functions
    CvSTASH, get_cv, Nullcv

    Embedding Functions
    load_module, perl_alloc, perl_construct, perl_destruct, perl_free, perl_parse, perl_run, require_pv

    Functions in file pp_pack.c
    pack_cat, unpack_str

    Global Variables
    PL_modglobal, PL_na, PL_sv_no, PL_sv_undef, PL_sv_yes

    GV Functions
    GvSV, gv_fetchmeth, gv_fetchmethod, gv_fetchmethod_autoload, gv_stashpv, gv_stashsv

    Handy Values
    HEf_SVKEY, Nullch, Nullsv

    Hash Manipulation Functions
    get_hv, HeHASH, HeKEY, HeKLEN, HePV, HeSVKEY, HeSVKEY_force, HeSVKEY_set, HeVAL, HvNAME, hv_clear, hv_delete, hv_delete_ent, hv_exists, hv_exists_ent, hv_fetch, hv_fetch_ent, hv_iterinit, hv_iterkey, hv_iterkeysv, hv_iternext, hv_iternextsv, hv_iterval, hv_magic, hv_store, hv_store_ent, hv_undef, newHV, Nullhv

    Magical Functions
    mg_clear, mg_copy, mg_find, mg_free, mg_get, mg_length, mg_magical, mg_set, SvGETMAGIC, SvLOCK, SvSETMAGIC, SvSetMagicSV, SvSetMagicSV_nosteal, SvSetSV, SvSetSV_nosteal, SvSHARE

    Memory Management
    Copy, Move, New, Newc, NEWSV, Newz, Renew, Renewc, Safefree, savepv, savepvn, savesharedpv, StructCopy, Zero

    Miscellaneous Functions
    fbm_compile, fbm_instr, form, getcwd_sv, strEQ, strGE, strGT, strLE, strLT, strNE, strnEQ, strnNE

    Numeric functions
    grok_bin, grok_hex, grok_number, grok_numeric_radix, grok_oct, scan_bin, scan_hex, scan_oct

    Optree Manipulation Functions
    cv_const_sv, newCONSTSUB, newXS

    Stack Manipulation Macros
    dMARK, dORIGMARK, dSP, EXTEND, MARK, ORIGMARK, POPi, POPl, POPn, POPp, POPpbytex, POPpx, POPs, PUSHi, PUSHMARK, PUSHn, PUSHp, PUSHs, PUSHu, PUTBACK, SP, SPAGAIN, XPUSHi, XPUSHn, XPUSHp, XPUSHs, XPUSHu, XSRETURN, XSRETURN_IV, XSRETURN_NO, XSRETURN_NV, XSRETURN_PV, XSRETURN_UNDEF, XSRETURN_YES, XST_mIV, XST_mNO, XST_mNV, XST_mPV, XST_mUNDEF, XST_mYES

    SV Flags
    svtype, SVt_IV, SVt_NV, SVt_PV, SVt_PVAV, SVt_PVCV, SVt_PVHV, SVt_PVMG

    SV Manipulation Functions
    get_sv, looks_like_number, newRV_inc, newRV_noinc, newSV, newSViv, newSVnv, newSVpv, newSVpvf, newSVpvn, newSVpvn_share, newSVrv, newSVsv, newSVuv, new_vstring, SvCUR, SvCUR_set, SvEND, SvGROW, SvIOK, SvIOKp, SvIOK_notUV, SvIOK_off, SvIOK_on, SvIOK_only, SvIOK_only_UV, SvIOK_UV, SvIV, SvIVX, SvIVx, SvLEN, SvNIOK, SvNIOKp, SvNIOK_off, SvNOK, SvNOKp, SvNOK_off, SvNOK_on, SvNOK_only, SvNV, SvNVx, SvNVX, SvOK, SvOOK, SvPOK, SvPOKp, SvPOK_off, SvPOK_on, SvPOK_only, SvPOK_only_UTF8, SvPV, SvPVbyte, SvPVbytex, SvPVbytex_force, SvPVbyte_force, SvPVbyte_nolen, SvPVutf8, SvPVutf8x, SvPVutf8x_force, SvPVutf8_force, SvPVutf8_nolen, SvPVx, SvPVX, SvPV_force, SvPV_force_nomg, SvPV_nolen, SvREFCNT, SvREFCNT_dec, SvREFCNT_inc, SvROK, SvROK_off, SvROK_on, SvRV, SvSTASH, SvTAINT, SvTAINTED, SvTAINTED_off, SvTAINTED_on, SvTRUE, SvTYPE, SvUNLOCK, SvUOK, SvUPGRADE, SvUTF8, SvUTF8_off, SvUTF8_on, SvUV, SvUVX, SvUVx, sv_2bool, sv_2cv, sv_2io, sv_2iv, sv_2mortal, sv_2nv, sv_2pvbyte, sv_2pvbyte_nolen, sv_2pvutf8, sv_2pvutf8_nolen, sv_2pv_flags, sv_2pv_nolen, sv_2uv, sv_backoff, sv_bless, sv_catpv, sv_catpvf, sv_catpvf_mg, sv_catpvn, sv_catpvn_flags, sv_catpvn_mg, sv_catpv_mg, sv_catsv, sv_catsv_flags, sv_catsv_mg, sv_chop, sv_clear, sv_cmp, sv_cmp_locale, sv_collxfrm, sv_copypv, sv_dec, sv_derived_from, sv_eq, sv_force_normal, sv_force_normal_flags, sv_free, sv_gets, sv_grow, sv_inc, sv_insert, sv_isa, sv_isobject, sv_iv, sv_len, sv_len_utf8, sv_magic, sv_magicext, sv_mortalcopy, sv_newmortal, sv_newref, sv_nolocking, sv_nosharing, sv_nounlocking, sv_nv, sv_pos_b2u, sv_pos_u2b, sv_pv, sv_pvbyte, sv_pvbyten, sv_pvbyten_force, sv_pvn, sv_pvn_force, sv_pvn_force_flags, sv_pvutf8, sv_pvutf8n, sv_pvutf8n_force, sv_reftype, sv_replace, sv_report_used, sv_reset, sv_rvweaken, sv_setiv, sv_setiv_mg, sv_setnv, sv_setnv_mg, sv_setpv, sv_setpvf, sv_setpvf_mg, sv_setpviv, sv_setpviv_mg, sv_setpvn, sv_setpvn_mg, sv_setpv_mg, sv_setref_iv, sv_setref_nv, sv_setref_pv, sv_setref_pvn, sv_setref_uv, sv_setsv, sv_setsv_flags, sv_setsv_mg, sv_setuv, sv_setuv_mg, sv_taint, sv_tainted, sv_true, sv_unmagic, sv_unref, sv_unref_flags, sv_untaint, sv_upgrade, sv_usepvn, sv_usepvn_mg, sv_utf8_decode, sv_utf8_downgrade, sv_utf8_encode, sv_utf8_upgrade, sv_utf8_upgrade_flags, sv_uv, sv_vcatpvfn, sv_vsetpvfn

    Unicode Support
    bytes_from_utf8, bytes_to_utf8, ibcmp_utf8, is_utf8_char, is_utf8_string, pv_uni_display, sv_recode_to_utf8, sv_uni_display, to_utf8_case, to_utf8_fold, to_utf8_lower, to_utf8_title, to_utf8_upper, utf8n_to_uvchr, utf8n_to_uvuni, utf8_distance, utf8_hop, utf8_length, utf8_to_bytes, utf8_to_uvchr, utf8_to_uvuni, uvchr_to_utf8, uvuni_to_utf8_flags

    Variables created by xsubpp and xsubpp internal functions
    ax, CLASS, dAX, dITEMS, dXSARGS, dXSI32, items, ix, newXSproto, RETVAL, ST, THIS, XS, XSRETURN_EMPTY, XS_VERSION, XS_VERSION_BOOTCHECK

    Warning and Dieing
    croak, warn

    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO

    perlintern - autogenerated documentation of purely internal Perl functions

    DESCRIPTION
    Global Variables
    PL_DBsingle, PL_DBsub, PL_DBtrace, PL_dowarn, PL_last_in_gv, PL_ofs_sv, PL_rs

    GV Functions
    is_gv_magical

    IO Functions
    start_glob

    Pad Data Structures
    CvPADLIST

    Stack Manipulation Macros
    djSP, LVRET

    SV Manipulation Functions
    report_uninit, sv_add_arena, sv_clean_all, sv_clean_objs, sv_free_arenas

    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO

    perliol - C API for Perl's implementation of IO in Layers.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    History and Background
    Layers vs Disciplines
    Data Structures
    Functions and Attributes
    Per-instance Data
    Layers in action.
    Per-instance flag bits
    PERLIO_F_EOF, PERLIO_F_CANWRITE, PERLIO_F_CANREAD, PERLIO_F_ERROR, PERLIO_F_TRUNCATE, PERLIO_F_APPEND, PERLIO_F_CRLF, PERLIO_F_UTF8, PERLIO_F_UNBUF, PERLIO_F_WRBUF, PERLIO_F_RDBUF, PERLIO_F_LINEBUF, PERLIO_F_TEMP, PERLIO_F_OPEN, PERLIO_F_FASTGETS

    Methods in Detail
    name, size, kind, PERLIO_K_BUFFERED, PERLIO_K_CANCRLF, PERLIO_K_FASTGETS, PERLIO_K_MULTIARG, PERLIO_K_RAW, Pushed, Popped, Open, Getarg, Fileno, Dup, Read, Write, Seek, Tell, Close, Flush, Fill, Eof, Error, Clearerr, Setlinebuf, Get_base, Get_bufsiz, Get_ptr, Get_cnt, Set_ptrcnt

    Core Layers
    ``unix'', ``perlio'', ``stdio'', ``crlf'', ``mmap'', ``pending'', ``raw'', ``utf8''

    Extension Layers
    ``:encoding'', ``:Scalar'', ``:Object'' or ``:Perl''

    TODO

    perlapio - perl's IO abstraction interface.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    1. USE_STDIO, 2. USE_SFIO, 3. USE_PERLIO, PerlIO_stdin(), PerlIO_stdout(), PerlIO_stderr(), PerlIO_open(path, mode), PerlIO_fdopen(fd,mode), PerlIO_reopen(path,mode,f), PerlIO_printf(f,fmt,...), PerlIO_vprintf(f,fmt,a), PerlIO_stdoutf(fmt,...), PerlIO_read(f,buf,count), PerlIO_write(f,buf,count), PerlIO_close(f), PerlIO_puts(f,s), PerlIO_putc(f,c), PerlIO_ungetc(f,c), PerlIO_getc(f), PerlIO_eof(f), PerlIO_error(f), PerlIO_fileno(f), PerlIO_clearerr(f), PerlIO_flush(f), PerlIO_seek(f,offset,whence), PerlIO_tell(f), PerlIO_getpos(f,p), PerlIO_setpos(f,p), PerlIO_rewind(f), PerlIO_tmpfile(), PerlIO_setlinebuf(f)
    Co-existence with stdio
    PerlIO_importFILE(f,flags), PerlIO_exportFILE(f,flags), PerlIO_findFILE(f), PerlIO_releaseFILE(p,f)

    ``Fast gets'' Functions
    PerlIO_fast_gets(f), PerlIO_has_cntptr(f), PerlIO_get_cnt(f), PerlIO_get_ptr(f), PerlIO_set_ptrcnt(f,p,c), PerlIO_canset_cnt(f), PerlIO_set_cnt(f,c), PerlIO_has_base(f), PerlIO_get_base(f), PerlIO_get_bufsiz(f)

    Other Functions
    PerlIO_apply_layers(f,mode,layers), PerlIO_binmode(f,ptype,imode,layers), '<' read, '>' write, '+' read/write, PerlIO_debug(fmt,...)

    perltodo - Perl TO-DO List

    DESCRIPTION
    To do during 5.6.x
    Support for I/O disciplines
    Autoload bytes.pm
    Make ``\u{XXXX}'' et al work
    Create a char *sv_pvprintify(sv, STRLEN *lenp, UV flags)
    Overloadable regex assertions
    Unicode
    use Thread for iThreads
    make perl_clone optionally clone ops
    Work out exit/die semantics for threads
    Typed lexicals for compiler
    Compiler workarounds for Win32
    AUTOLOADing in the compiler
    Fixing comppadlist when compiling
    Cleaning up exported namespace
    Complete signal handling
    Out-of-source builds
    POSIX realtime support
    UNIX98 support
    IPv6 Support
    Long double conversion
    Locales
    Thread-safe regexes
    Arithmetic on non-Arabic numerals
    POSIX Unicode character classes
    Factoring out common suffices/prefices in regexps (trie optimization)
    Security audit shipped utilities
    Sort out the uid-setting mess
    DLL Versioning
    Introduce @( and @)
    Floating point handling
    IV/UV preservation
    Replace pod2html with something using Pod::Parser
    Automate module testing on CPAN
    sendmsg and recvmsg
    Rewrite perlre documentation
    Convert example code to IO::Handle filehandles
    Document Win32 choices
    Check new modules
    Make roffitall find pods and libs itself
    To do at some point
    Remove regular expression recursion
    Memory leaks after failed eval
    bitfields in pack
    Cross compilation
    Perl preprocessor / macros
    Perl lexer in Perl
    Using POSIX calls internally
    -i rename file when changed
    All ARGV input should act like <>
    Support for rerunning debugger
    Test Suite for the Debugger
    my sub foo { }
    One-pass global destruction
    Rewrite regexp parser
    Cache recently used regexps
    Re-entrant functions
    Cross-compilation support
    Bit-shifting bitvectors
    debugger pragma
    use less pragma
    switch structures
    Cache eval tree
    rcatmaybe
    Shrink opcode tables
    Optimize away @_
    Prototypes versus indirect objects
    Install HTML
    Prototype method calls
    Return context prototype declarations
    magic_setisa
    Garbage collection
    IO tutorial
    Rewrite perldoc
    Install .3p manpages
    Unicode tutorial
    Update POSIX.pm for 1003.1-2
    Retargetable installation
    POSIX emulation on non-POSIX systems
    Rename Win32 headers
    Finish off lvalue functions
    Update sprintf documentation
    Use fchown/fchmod internally
    Make v-strings overloaded objects
    Vague ideas
    ref() in list context
    Make tr/// return histogram of characters in list context
    Compile to real threaded code
    Structured types
    Modifiable $1 et al.
    Procedural interfaces for IO::*, etc.
    RPC modules
    Attach/detach debugger from running program
    GUI::Native
    foreach(reverse ...)
    Constant function cache
    Approximate regular expression matching
    Ongoing
    Update guts documentation
    Add more tests
    Update auxiliary tools
    Recently done things
    Alternative RE syntax module
    Safe signal handling
    Tie Modules
    gettimeofday
    setitimer and getimiter
    Testing __DIE__ hook
    CPP equivalent in Perl
    Explicit switch statements
    autocroak
    UTF/EBCDIC
    UTF Regexes
    perlcc to produce executable
    END blocks saved in compiled output
    Secure temporary file module
    Integrate Time::HiRes
    Turn Cwd into XS
    Mmap for input
    Byte to/from UTF8 and UTF8 to/from local conversion
    Add sockatmark support
    Mailing list archives
    Bug tracking
    Integrate MacPerl
    Web ``nerve center'' for Perl
    Regular expression tutorial
    Debugging Tutorial
    Integrate new modules
    Integrate profiler
    Y2K error detection
    Regular expression debugger
    POD checker
    ``Dynamic'' lexicals
    Cache precompiled modules
    Deprecated Wishes
    Loop control on do{}
    Lexically scoped typeglobs
    format BOTTOM
    report HANDLE
    Generalised want()/caller())
    Named prototypes
    Built-in globbing
    Regression tests for suidperl
    Cached hash values
    Add compression modules
    Reorganise documentation into tutorials/references
    Remove distinction between functions and operators
    Make XS easier to use
    Make embedding easier to use
    man for perl
    my $Package::variable
    ``or'' tests defined, not truth
    ``class''-based lexicals
    byteperl
    Lazy evaluation / tail recursion removal
    Make ``use utf8'' the default
    Unicode collation and normalization
    Create debugging macros
    truncate to the people
    pack/unpack tutorial

    perlhack - How to hack at the Perl internals

    DESCRIPTION
    Does concept match the general goals of Perl?, Where is the implementation?, Backwards compatibility, Could it be a module instead?, Is the feature generic enough?, Does it potentially introduce new bugs?, Does it preclude other desirable features?, Is the implementation robust?, Is the implementation generic enough to be portable?, Is the implementation tested?, Is there enough documentation?, Is there another way to do it?, Does it create too much work?, Patches speak louder than words
    Keeping in sync
    rsync'ing the source tree, Using rsync over the LAN, Using pushing over the NFS, rsync'ing the patches

    Why rsync the source tree
    It's easier to rsync the source tree, It's more recent, It's more reliable

    Why rsync the patches
    It's easier to rsync the patches, It's a good reference, Finding a start point, Finding how to fix a bug, Finding the source of misbehaviour

    Perlbug remote interface
    1 http://bugs.perl.org, 2 bugdb@perl.org, 3 commands_and_bugdids@bugs.perl.org, notes, patches, tests

    Submitting patches
    perlguts, perlxstut and perlxs, perlapi, Porting/pumpkin.pod, The perl5-porters FAQ

    Finding Your Way Around
    Core modules, Tests, Documentation, Configure, Interpreter

    Elements of the interpreter
    Startup, Parsing, Optimization, Running

    Internal Variable Types
    Op Trees
    Stacks
    Argument stack, Mark stack, Save stack

    Millions of Macros
    Poking at Perl
    Using a source-level debugger
    run [args], break function_name, break source.c:xxx, step, next, continue, finish, 'enter', print

    Dumping Perl Data Structures
    Patching
    Patching a core module
    Adding a new function to the core
    Writing a test
    t/base/, t/cmd/, t/comp/, t/io/, t/lib/, t/op/, t/pod/, t/run/, t/base t/comp, t/cmd t/run t/io t/op, t/lib ext lib

    EXTERNAL TOOLS FOR DEBUGGING PERL
    Rational Software's Purify
    Purify on Unix
    -Accflags=-DPURIFY, -Doptimize='-g', -Uusemymalloc, -Dusemultiplicity

    Purify on NT
    DEFINES, USE_MULTI = define, #PERL_MALLOC = define, CFG = Debug

    Compaq's/Digital's Third Degree
    PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL
    Profiling
    Gprof Profiling
    -a, -b, -e routine, -f routine, -s, -z

    GCC gcov Profiling
    Pixie Profiling
    -h, -l, -p[rocedures], -h[eavy], -i[nvocations], -l[ines], -testcoverage, -z[ero]

    CONCLUSION
    The Road goes ever on and on, down from the door where it began.

    AUTHOR

    perlhist - the Perl history records

    DESCRIPTION
    INTRODUCTION
    THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
    PUMPKIN?
    THE RECORDS
    SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
    SELECTED PATCH SIZES
    THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS

    perldelta - what is new for perl v5.8.0

    DESCRIPTION
    Highlights In 5.8.0
    Incompatible Changes
    1. -bit platforms and malloc
    2. AIX Dynaloading
      Attributes for my variables now handled at run-time.
      Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
      IEEE-format Floating Point Default on OpenVMS Alpha
      New Unicode Properties
      Perl Parser Stress Tested
      REF(...) Instead Of SCALAR(...)
      pack/unpack D/F recycled
      Deprecations
    Core Enhancements
    PerlIO is Now The Default
    Safe Signals
    Unicode Overhaul
    Understanding of Numbers
    Miscellaneous Changes
    Modules and Pragmata
    New Modules and Pragmata
    Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
    Utility Changes
    New Documentation
    Performance Enhancements
    Installation and Configuration Improvements
    Generic Improvements
    New Or Improved Platforms
    Selected Bug Fixes
    Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
    New or Changed Diagnostics
    Changed Internals
    Security Vulnerability Closed
    New Tests
    Known Problems
    AIX
    Amiga Perl Invoking Mystery
    lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
    Cygwin intermittent failures of lib/Memoize/t/expire_file 11 and 12
    FreeBSD 4.5 fails lib/File/Spec/t/rel2abs2rel.t
    HP-UX lib/io_multihomed Fails When LP64-Configured
    HP-UX lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails When LP64-Configured
    Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
    Mac OS X
    OS/390
    op/sprintf tests 129 and 130
    Failure of Thread tests
    UNICOS
    UNICOS and UNICOS/mk
    UTS
    VMS
    Win32
    Localising a Tied Variable Leaks Memory
    Localising Tied Arrays and Hashes Is Broken
    Self-tying of Arrays and Hashes Is Forbidden
    Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
    Unicode Support on EBCDIC Still Spotty
    The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
    The Long Double Support Is Still Experimental
    Seen In Perl 5.7 But Gone Now
    Reporting Bugs
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    perl572delta - what's new for perl v5.7.2

    DESCRIPTION
    Security Vulnerability Closed
    Incompatible Changes
    1. -bit platforms and malloc
    2. AIX Dynaloading
      Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
      Different Definition of the Unicode Character Classes \p{In...}
      Deprecations
    Core Enhancements
    Modules and Pragmata
    New Modules and Distributions
    Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
    Utility Changes
    New Documentation
    Installation and Configuration Improvements
    New Or Improved Platforms
    Generic Improvements
    Selected Bug Fixes
    Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
    New or Changed Diagnostics
    Source Code Enhancements
    MAGIC constants
    Better commented code
    Regex pre-/post-compilation items matched up
    gcc -Wall
    New Tests
    Known Problems
    AIX
    Amiga Perl Invoking Mystery
    lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
    Cygwin intermittent failures of lib/Memoize/t/expire_file 11 and 12
    HP-UX lib/io_multihomed Fails When LP64-Configured
    HP-UX lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails When LP64-Configured
    Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
    OS/390
    op/sprintf tests 129 and 130
    Failure of Thread tests
    UNICOS
    UTS
    VMS
    Win32
    Localising a Tied Variable Leaks Memory
    Self-tying of Arrays and Hashes Is Forbidden
    Variable Attributes are not Currently Usable for Tieing
    Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
    The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
    The Long Double Support is Still Experimental
    Reporting Bugs
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    perl571delta - what's new for perl v5.7.1

    DESCRIPTION
    Security Vulnerability Closed
    Incompatible Changes
    Core Enhancements
    AUTOLOAD Is Now Lvaluable
    PerlIO is Now The Default
    Signals Are Now Safe
    Modules and Pragmata
    New Modules
    Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
    Performance Enhancements
    Utility Changes
    New Documentation
    perlclib
    perliol
    README.aix
    README.bs2000
    README.macos
    README.mpeix
    README.solaris
    README.vos
    Porting/repository.pod
    Installation and Configuration Improvements
    New Or Improved Platforms
    Generic Improvements
    d_cmsghdr, d_fcntl_can_lock, d_fsync, d_getitimer, d_getpagsz, d_msghdr_s, need_va_copy, d_readv, d_recvmsg, d_sendmsg, sig_size, d_sockatmark, d_strtoq, d_u32align, d_ualarm, d_usleep

    Selected Bug Fixes
    Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
    New or Changed Diagnostics
    Changed Internals
    New Tests
    Known Problems
    AIX vac 5.0.0.0 May Produce Buggy Code For Perl
    lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
    lib/io_multihomed Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
    Test lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
    lib/b test 19
    Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
    sigaction test 13 in VMS
    sprintf tests 129 and 130
    Failure of Thread tests
    Localising a Tied Variable Leaks Memory
    Self-tying of Arrays and Hashes Is Forbidden
    Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
    The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
    Reporting Bugs
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    perl570delta - what's new for perl v5.7.0

    DESCRIPTION
    Security Vulnerability Closed
    Incompatible Changes
    Core Enhancements
    Modules and Pragmata
    New Modules
    Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
    Utility Changes
    New Documentation
    Performance Enhancements
    Installation and Configuration Improvements
    Generic Improvements
    Selected Bug Fixes
    Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
    New or Changed Diagnostics
    Changed Internals
    Known Problems
    Unicode Support Still Far From Perfect
    EBCDIC Still A Lost Platform
    Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
    ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
    Test lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
    Long Doubles Still Don't Work In Solaris
    Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
    Storable tests fail in some platforms
    Threads Are Still Experimental
    The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
    Reporting Bugs
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    perl561delta - what's new for perl v5.6.x

    DESCRIPTION
    Summary of changes between 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
    Security Issues
    Core bug fixes
    UNIVERSAL::isa(), Memory leaks, Numeric conversions, qw(a\\b), caller(), Bugs in regular expressions, ``slurp'' mode, Autovivification of symbolic references to special variables, Lexical warnings, Spurious warnings and errors, glob(), Tainting, sort(), #line directives, Subroutine prototypes, map(), Debugger, PERL5OPT, chop(), Unicode support, 64-bit support, Compiler, Lvalue subroutines, IO::Socket, File::Find, xsubpp, no Module;, Tests

    Core features
    Configuration issues
    Documentation
    Bundled modules
    B::Concise, File::Temp, Pod::LaTeX, Pod::Text::Overstrike, CGI, CPAN, Class::Struct, DB_File, Devel::Peek, File::Find, Getopt::Long, IO::Poll, IPC::Open3, Math::BigFloat, Math::Complex, Net::Ping, Opcode, Pod::Parser, Pod::Text, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Tie::RefHash, Tie::SubstrHash

    Platform-specific improvements
    NCR MP-RAS, NonStop-UX

    Core Enhancements
    Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
    Lexically scoped warning categories
    Unicode and UTF-8 support
    Support for interpolating named characters
    ``our'' declarations
    Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
    Improved Perl version numbering system
    New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
    File and directory handles can be autovivified
    open() with more than two arguments
  • -bit support
  • Large file support
    Long doubles
    ``more bits''
    Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
    sort $coderef @foo allowed
    File globbing implemented internally
    Support for CHECK blocks
    POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
    Better pseudo-random number generator
    Improved qw// operator
    Better worst-case behavior of hashes
    pack() format 'Z' supported
    pack() format modifier '!' supported
    pack() and unpack() support counted strings
    Comments in pack() templates
    Weak references
    Binary numbers supported
    Lvalue subroutines
    Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
    Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
    exists() is supported on subroutine names
    exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
    Pseudo-hashes work better
    Automatic flushing of output buffers
    Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
    Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
    eof() has the same old magic as <>
    binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
    -T filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as ``text''
    system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
    Improved diagnostics
    Diagnostics follow STDERR
    More consistent close-on-exec behavior
    syswrite() ease-of-use
    Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
    Bit operators support full native integer width
    Improved security features
    More functional bareword prototype (*)
    require and do may be overridden
    $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
    New variable $^C reflects -c switch
    New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
    Optional Y2K warnings
    Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
    Modules and Pragmata
    Modules
    attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames, Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions, Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select, podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM Filters

    Pragmata
    Utility Changes
    dprofpp
    find2perl
    h2xs
    perlcc
    perldoc
    The Perl Debugger
    Improved Documentation
    perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod, perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod

    Performance enhancements
    Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
    Optimized assignments to lexical variables
    Faster subroutine calls
    delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
    Installation and Configuration Improvements
    -Dusethreads means something different
    New Configure flags
    Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
    Long Doubles
    -Dusemorebits
    -Duselargefiles
    installusrbinperl
    SOCKS support
    -A flag
    Enhanced Installation Directories
    gcc automatically tried if 'cc' does not seem to be working
    Platform specific changes
    Supported platforms
    DOS
    OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
    VMS
    Win32
    Significant bug fixes
    <HANDLE> on empty files
    eval '...' improvements
    All compilation errors are true errors
    Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
    Behavior of list slices is more consistent
    (\$) prototype and $foo{a}
    goto &sub and AUTOLOAD
    -bareword allowed under use integer
    Failures in DESTROY()
    Locale bugs fixed
    Memory leaks
    Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
    Taint failures under -U
    END blocks and the -c switch
    Potential to leak DATA filehandles
    New or Changed Diagnostics
    ``%s'' variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, ``my sub'' not yet implemented, ``our'' variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/ should probably be written as ``%s'', %s() called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine name, %s package attribute may clash with future reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes, Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad realloc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional, Binary number > 0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check filesystem of script ``%s'', Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in ``%s'', Can't declare %s in ``%s'', Can't ignore signal CHLD, forcing to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read CRTL environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s from lvalue subroutine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s, CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean ``local'' instead of ``our''?), Document contains no data, entering effective %s failed, false [] range ``%s'' in regexp, Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle %s, Global symbol ``%s'' requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value ``%s'', Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range ``%s'' in regexp, Invalid separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped open, Missing name in ``my sub'', No %s specified for -%c, No package name allowed for variable %s in ``our'', No space allowed after -%c, no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around ``%s'' list, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma ``attrs'' is deprecated, use ``sub NAME : ATTRS'' instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference is already weak, setpgrp can't take arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expression, switching effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s), Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list, Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list, Value of CLI symbol ``%s'' too long, Version number must be a constant number

    New tests
    Incompatible Changes
    Perl Source Incompatibilities
    CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys has changed, undef fails on read only values, Close-on-exec bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and \(%h), vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS, Text of some diagnostic output has changed, %@ has been removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a list operator, Semantics of bareword prototype (*) have changed, Semantics of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More builtins taint their results

    C Source Incompatibilities
    PERL_POLLUTE, PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT, PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC

    Compatible C Source API Changes
    PATCHLEVEL is now PERL_VERSION

    Binary Incompatibilities
    Known Problems
    Localizing a tied hash element may leak memory
    Known test failures
    , ,

    EBCDIC platforms not fully supported
    UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
    Arrow operator and arrays
    Experimental features
    Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The regular expression code constructs:

    Obsolete Diagnostics
    Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp too big, Use of ``$$<digit>'' to mean ``${$}<digit>'' is deprecated

    Reporting Bugs
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    perl56delta - what's new for perl v5.6.0

    DESCRIPTION
    Core Enhancements
    Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
    Lexically scoped warning categories
    Unicode and UTF-8 support
    Support for interpolating named characters
    ``our'' declarations
    Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
    Improved Perl version numbering system
    New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
    File and directory handles can be autovivified
    open() with more than two arguments
  • -bit support
  • Large file support
    Long doubles
    ``more bits''
    Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
    sort $coderef @foo allowed
    File globbing implemented internally
    Support for CHECK blocks
    POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
    Better pseudo-random number generator
    Improved qw// operator
    Better worst-case behavior of hashes
    pack() format 'Z' supported
    pack() format modifier '!' supported
    pack() and unpack() support counted strings
    Comments in pack() templates
    Weak references
    Binary numbers supported
    Lvalue subroutines
    Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
    Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
    exists() is supported on subroutine names
    exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
    Pseudo-hashes work better
    Automatic flushing of output buffers
    Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
    Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
    eof() has the same old magic as <>
    binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
    -T filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as ``text''
    system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
    Improved diagnostics
    Diagnostics follow STDERR
    More consistent close-on-exec behavior
    syswrite() ease-of-use
    Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
    Bit operators support full native integer width
    Improved security features
    More functional bareword prototype (*)
    require and do may be overridden
    $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
    New variable $^C reflects -c switch
    New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
    Optional Y2K warnings
    Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
    Modules and Pragmata
    Modules
    attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames, Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions, Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select, podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM Filters

    Pragmata
    Utility Changes
    dprofpp
    find2perl
    h2xs
    perlcc
    perldoc
    The Perl Debugger
    Improved Documentation
    perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod, perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod

    Performance enhancements
    Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
    Optimized assignments to lexical variables
    Faster subroutine calls
    delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
    Installation and Configuration Improvements
    -Dusethreads means something different
    New Configure flags
    Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
    Long Doubles
    -Dusemorebits
    -Duselargefiles
    installusrbinperl
    SOCKS support
    -A flag
    Enhanced Installation Directories
    Platform specific changes
    Supported platforms
    DOS
    OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
    VMS
    Win32
    Significant bug fixes
    <HANDLE> on empty files
    eval '...' improvements
    All compilation errors are true errors
    Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
    Behavior of list slices is more consistent
    (\$) prototype and $foo{a}
    goto &sub and AUTOLOAD
    -bareword allowed under use integer
    Failures in DESTROY()
    Locale bugs fixed
    Memory leaks
    Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
    Taint failures under -U
    END blocks and the -c switch
    Potential to leak DATA filehandles
    New or Changed Diagnostics
    ``%s'' variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, ``my sub'' not yet implemented, ``our'' variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/ should probably be written as ``%s'', %s() called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine name, %s package attribute may clash with future reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes, Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad realloc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional, Binary number > 0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check filesystem of script ``%s'', Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in ``%s'', Can't declare %s in ``%s'', Can't ignore signal CHLD, forcing to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read CRTL environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s from lvalue subroutine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s, CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean ``local'' instead of ``our''?), Document contains no data, entering effective %s failed, false [] range ``%s'' in regexp, Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle %s, Global symbol ``%s'' requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value ``%s'', Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range ``%s'' in regexp, Invalid separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped open, Missing name in ``my sub'', No %s specified for -%c, No package name allowed for variable %s in ``our'', No space allowed after -%c, no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around ``%s'' list, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma ``attrs'' is deprecated, use ``sub NAME : ATTRS'' instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference is already weak, setpgrp can't take arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expression, switching effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s), Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list, Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list, Value of CLI symbol ``%s'' too long, Version number must be a constant number

    New tests
    Incompatible Changes
    Perl Source Incompatibilities
    CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys has changed, undef fails on read only values, Close-on-exec bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and \(%h), vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS, Text of some diagnostic output has changed, %@ has been removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a list operator, Semantics of bareword prototype (*) have changed, Semantics of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More builtins taint their results

    C Source Incompatibilities
    PERL_POLLUTE, PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT, PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC

    Compatible C Source API Changes
    PATCHLEVEL is now PERL_VERSION

    Binary Incompatibilities
    Known Problems
    Thread test failures
    EBCDIC platforms not supported
    In 64-bit HP-UX the lib/io_multihomed test may hang
    NEXTSTEP 3.3 POSIX test failure
    Tru64 (aka Digital UNIX, aka DEC OSF/1) lib/sdbm test failure with gcc
    UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
    Arrow operator and arrays
    Experimental features
    Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The regular expression code constructs:

    Obsolete Diagnostics
    Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp too big, Use of ``$$<digit>'' to mean ``${$}<digit>'' is deprecated

    Reporting Bugs
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    perl5005delta - what's new for perl5.005

    DESCRIPTION
    About the new versioning system
    Incompatible Changes
    WARNING: This version is not binary compatible with Perl 5.004.
    Default installation structure has changed
    Perl Source Compatibility
    C Source Compatibility
    Binary Compatibility
    Security fixes may affect compatibility
    Relaxed new mandatory warnings introduced in 5.004
    Licensing
    Core Changes
    Threads
    Compiler
    Regular Expressions
    Many new and improved optimizations, Many bug fixes, New regular expression constructs, New operator for precompiled regular expressions, Other improvements, Incompatible changes

    Improved malloc()
    Quicksort is internally implemented
    Reliable signals
    Reliable stack pointers
    More generous treatment of carriage returns
    Memory leaks
    Better support for multiple interpreters
    Behavior of local() on array and hash elements is now well-defined
    %! is transparently tied to the Errno module
    Pseudo-hashes are supported
    EXPR foreach EXPR is supported
    Keywords can be globally overridden
    $^E is meaningful on Win32
    foreach (1..1000000) optimized
    Foo:: can be used as implicitly quoted package name
    exists $Foo::{Bar::} tests existence of a package
    Better locale support
    Experimental support for 64-bit platforms
    prototype() returns useful results on builtins
    Extended support for exception handling
    Re-blessing in DESTROY() supported for chaining DESTROY() methods
    All printf format conversions are handled internally
    New INIT keyword
    New lock keyword
    New qr// operator
    our is now a reserved word
    Tied arrays are now fully supported
    Tied handles support is better
  • th argument to substr
  • Negative LENGTH argument to splice
    Magic lvalues are now more magical
    <> now reads in records
    Supported Platforms
    New Platforms
    Changes in existing support
    Modules and Pragmata
    New Modules
    B, Data::Dumper, Dumpvalue, Errno, File::Spec, ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Packlist, Fatal, IPC::SysV, Test, Tie::Array, Tie::Handle, Thread, attrs, fields, re

    Changes in existing modules
    Benchmark, Carp, CGI, Fcntl, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, POSIX, DB_File, MakeMaker, CPAN, Cwd

    Utility Changes
    Documentation Changes
    New Diagnostics
    Ambiguous call resolved as CORE::%s(), qualify as such or use &, Bad index while coercing array into hash, Bareword ``%s'' refers to nonexistent package, Can't call method ``%s'' on an undefined value, Can't check filesystem of script ``%s'' for nosuid, Can't coerce array into hash, Can't goto subroutine from an eval-string, Can't localize pseudo-hash element, Can't use %%! because Errno.pm is not available, Cannot find an opnumber for ``%s'', Character class syntax [. .] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [= =] is reserved for future extensions, %s: Eval-group in insecure regular expression, %s: Eval-group not allowed, use re 'eval', %s: Eval-group not allowed at run time, Explicit blessing to '' (assuming package main), Illegal hex digit ignored, No such array field, No such field ``%s'' in variable %s of type %s, Out of memory during ridiculously large request, Range iterator outside integer range, Recursive inheritance detected while looking for method '%s' %s, Reference found where even-sized list expected, Undefined value assigned to typeglob, Use of reserved word ``%s'' is deprecated, perl: warning: Setting locale failed

    Obsolete Diagnostics
    Can't mktemp(), Can't write to temp file for -e: %s, Cannot open temporary file, regexp too big

    Configuration Changes
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    perl5004delta - what's new for perl5.004

    DESCRIPTION
    Supported Environments
    Core Changes
    List assignment to %ENV works
    Change to ``Can't locate Foo.pm in @INC'' error
    Compilation option: Binary compatibility with 5.003
    $PERL5OPT environment variable
    Limitations on -M, -m, and -T options
    More precise warnings
    Deprecated: Inherited AUTOLOAD for non-methods
    Previously deprecated %OVERLOAD is no longer usable
    Subroutine arguments created only when they're modified
    Group vector changeable with $)
    Fixed parsing of $$<digit>, &$<digit>, etc.
    Fixed localization of $<digit>, $&, etc.
    No resetting of $. on implicit close
    wantarray may return undef
    eval EXPR determines value of EXPR in scalar context
    Changes to tainting checks
    No glob() or <*>, No spawning if tainted $CDPATH, $ENV, $BASH_ENV, No spawning if tainted $TERM doesn't look like a terminal name

    New Opcode module and revised Safe module
    Embedding improvements
    Internal change: FileHandle class based on IO::* classes
    Internal change: PerlIO abstraction interface
    New and changed syntax
    $coderef->(PARAMS)

    New and changed builtin constants
    __PACKAGE__

    New and changed builtin variables
    $^E, $^H, $^M

    New and changed builtin functions
    delete on slices, flock, printf and sprintf, keys as an lvalue, my() in Control Structures, pack() and unpack(), sysseek(), use VERSION, use Module VERSION LIST, prototype(FUNCTION), srand, $_ as Default, m//gc does not reset search position on failure, m//x ignores whitespace before ?*+{}, nested sub{} closures work now, formats work right on changing lexicals

    New builtin methods
    isa(CLASS), can(METHOD), VERSION( [NEED] )

    TIEHANDLE now supported
    TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, LIST, READ this LIST, READLINE this, GETC this, DESTROY this

    Malloc enhancements
    -DPERL_EMERGENCY_SBRK, -DPACK_MALLOC, -DTWO_POT_OPTIMIZE

    Miscellaneous efficiency enhancements
    Support for More Operating Systems
    Win32
    Plan 9
    QNX
    AmigaOS
    Pragmata
    use autouse MODULE => qw(sub1 sub2 sub3), use blib, use blib 'dir', use constant NAME => VALUE, use locale, use ops, use vmsish

    Modules
    Required Updates
    Installation directories
    Module information summary
    Fcntl
    IO
    Math::Complex
    Math::Trig
    DB_File
    Net::Ping
    Object-oriented overrides for builtin operators
    Utility Changes
    pod2html
    Sends converted HTML to standard output

    xsubpp
    void XSUBs now default to returning nothing

    C Language API Changes
    gv_fetchmethod and perl_call_sv, perl_eval_pv, Extended API for manipulating hashes

    Documentation Changes
    perldelta, perlfaq, perllocale, perltoot, perlapio, perlmodlib, perldebug, perlsec

    New Diagnostics
    ``my'' variable %s masks earlier declaration in same scope, %s argument is not a HASH element or slice, Allocation too large: %lx, Allocation too large, Applying %s to %s will act on scalar(%s), Attempt to free nonexistent shared string, Attempt to use reference as lvalue in substr, Bareword ``%s'' refers to nonexistent package, Can't redefine active sort subroutine %s, Can't use bareword (``%s'') as %s ref while ``strict refs'' in use, Cannot resolve method `%s' overloading `%s' in package `%s', Constant subroutine %s redefined, Constant subroutine %s undefined, Copy method did not return a reference, Died, Exiting pseudo-block via %s, Identifier too long, Illegal character %s (carriage return), Illegal switch in PERL5OPT: %s, Integer overflow in hex number, Integer overflow in octal number, internal error: glob failed, Invalid conversion in %s: ``%s'', Invalid type in pack: '%s', Invalid type in unpack: '%s', Name ``%s::%s'' used only once: possible typo, Null picture in formline, Offset outside string, Out of memory!, Out of memory during request for %s, panic: frexp, Possible attempt to put comments in qw() list, Possible attempt to separate words with commas, Scalar value @%s{%s} better written as $%s{%s}, Stub found while resolving method `%s' overloading `%s' in %s, Too late for ``-T'' option, untie attempted while %d inner references still exist, Unrecognized character %s, Unsupported function fork, Use of ``$$<digit>'' to mean ``${$}<digit>'' is deprecated, Value of %s can be ``0''; test with defined(), Variable ``%s'' may be unavailable, Variable ``%s'' will not stay shared, Warning: something's wrong, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, Got an error from DosAllocMem, Malformed PERLLIB_PREFIX, PERL_SH_DIR too long, Process terminated by SIG%s

    BUGS
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    perlaix, README.aix - Perl version 5 on IBM Unix (AIX) systems

    DESCRIPTION
    Compiling Perl 5 on AIX
    OS level
    Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX
    The IBM ANSI C Compiler
    Using GNU's gcc for building perl
    Using Large Files with Perl
    Threaded Perl
  • -bit Perl
  • AIX 4.2 and extensions using C++ with statics
    AUTHOR
    DATE

    perlapollo, README.apollo - Perl version 5 on Apollo DomainOS

    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    perlamiga - Perl under Amiga OS

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on AmigaOS
    Unix emulation for AmigaOS: ixemul.library, Version of Amiga OS

    Starting Perl programs under AmigaOS
    Shortcomings of Perl under AmigaOS
    INSTALLATION
    Accessing documentation
    Manpages for Perl on AmigaOS
    Perl HTML Documentation on AmigaOS
    Perl GNU Info Files on AmigaOS
    Perl LaTeX Documentation on AmigaOS
    BUILDING PERL ON AMIGAOS
    Build Prerequisites for Perl on AmigaOS
    Getting the Perl Source for AmigaOS
    Making Perl on AmigaOS
    Testing Perl on AmigaOS
    Installing the built Perl on AmigaOS
    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO

    perlbeos, README.beos - Perl version 5 on BeOS

    DESCRIPTION
    General Issues with Perl on BeOS
    BeOS Release-specific Notes
    R4 x86, R4 PPC

    Contact Information
    Update 2002-03-02

    perlbs2000, README.BS2000 - building and installing Perl for BS2000.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    gzip on BS2000
    bison on BS2000
    Unpacking Perl Distribution on BS2000
    Compiling Perl on BS2000
    Testing Perl on BS2000
    Installing Perl on BS2000
    Using Perl in the Posix-Shell of BS2000
    Using Perl in ``native'' BS2000
    Floating point anomalies on BS2000
    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO
    Mailing list
    HISTORY
    Name
    Description
    Build
    Tools & SDK
    Make
    Acknowledgements
    Author

    perlcygwin, README.cygwin - Perl for Cygwin

    SYNOPSIS
    PREREQUISITES FOR COMPILING PERL ON CYGWIN
    Cygwin = GNU+Cygnus+Windows (Don't leave UNIX without it)
    Cygwin Configuration
    PATH, nroff, Permissions

    CONFIGURE PERL ON CYGWIN
    Stripping Perl Binaries on Cygwin
    Optional Libraries for Perl on Cygwin
    -lcrypt, -lgdbm (use GDBM_File), -ldb (use DB_File), -lcygipc (use IPC::SysV)

    Configure-time Options for Perl on Cygwin
    -Uusedl, -Uusemymalloc, -Uuseperlio, -Dusemultiplicity, -Duse64bitint, -Duselongdouble, -Dusethreads, -Duselargefiles, -Dmksymlinks

    Suspicious Warnings on Cygwin
    dlsym(), Win9x and d_eofnblk, Compiler/Preprocessor defines

    MAKE ON CYGWIN
    Warnings on Cygwin
    ld2 on Cygwin
    TEST ON CYGWIN
    File Permissions on Cygwin
    Script Portability on Cygwin
    Pathnames, Text/Binary, .exe, chown(), Miscellaneous

    INSTALL PERL ON CYGWIN
    MANIFEST ON CYGWIN
    Documentation, Build, Configure, Make, Install, Tests, Compiled Perl Source, Compiled Module Source, Perl Modules/Scripts

    BUGS ON CYGWIN
    AUTHORS
    HISTORY

    perldgux - Perl under DG/UX.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    BUILDING PERL ON DG/UX
    Non-threaded Perl on DG/UX
    Threaded Perl on DG/UX
    Testing Perl on DG/UX
    Installing the built perl on DG/UX
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    perldos - Perl under DOS, W31, W95.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on DOS
    DJGPP, Pthreads

    Shortcomings of Perl under DOS
    Building Perl on DOS
    Testing Perl on DOS
    Installation of Perl on DOS
    BUILDING AND INSTALLING MODULES ON DOS
    Building Prerequisites for Perl on DOS
    Unpacking CPAN Modules on DOS
    Building Non-XS Modules on DOS
    Building XS Modules on DOS
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    perlepoc, README.epoc - Perl for EPOC

    SYNOPSIS
    INTRODUCTION
    INSTALLING PERL ON EPOC
    STARTING PERL ON EPOC
    STOPPING PERL ON EPOC
    USING PERL ON EPOC
    I/O Redirection on Epoc
    PATH Names on Epoc
    Editors on Epoc
    Features of Perl on Epoc
    Restrictions of Perl on Epoc
    Compiling Perl 5 on the EPOC cross compiling environment
    SUPPORT STATUS OF PERL ON EPOC
    AUTHOR
    LAST UPDATE

    perlhpux, README.hpux - Perl version 5 on Hewlett-Packard Unix (HP-UX) systems

    DESCRIPTION
    Using perl as shipped with HP-UX
    Compiling Perl 5 on HP-UX
    PA-RISC
    PA-RISC 1.0
    PA-RISC 1.1
    PA-RISC 2.0
    Itanium
    Portability Between PA-RISC Versions
    Itanium Processor Family and HP-UX
    Building Dynamic Extensions on HP-UX
    The HP ANSI C Compiler
    Using Large Files with Perl on HP-UX
    Threaded Perl on HP-UX
  • -bit Perl on HP-UX
  • GDBM and Threads on HP-UX
    NFS filesystems and utime(2) on HP-UX
    perl -P and // and HP-UX
    HP-UX Kernel Parameters (maxdsiz) for Compiling Perl
    nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
    AUTHOR
    DATE

    perlhurd, README.hurd - Perl version 5 on Hurd

    DESCRIPTION
    Known Problems with Perl on Hurd
    AUTHOR

    perlmachten, README.machten - Perl version 5 on Power MachTen systems

    DESCRIPTION
    Compiling Perl 5 on MachTen
    Failures during make test on MachTen
    op/lexassign.t, pragma/warnings.t

    Building external modules on MachTen
    AUTHOR
    DATE

    perlmacos, README.macos - Perl under Mac OS (Classic)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR
    DATE

    perlmint, README.mint - Perl version 5 on Atari MiNT

    DESCRIPTION
    Known problems with Perl on MiNT
    AUTHOR

    perlmpeix, README.mpeix - Perl/iX for HP e3000 MPE

    SYNOPSIS
    NOTE
    Binary distribution from HP
    What's New in Perl for MPE/iX
    Welcome to Perl/iX
    System Requirements for Perl/iX
    How to Obtain Perl/iX
    Perl/iX Distribution Contents Highlights
    README, INSTALL, LIBSHP3K, PERL, .cpan/, lib/, man/, public_html/feedback.cgi, src/perl-5.6.0-mpe

    How to Compile Perl/iX
    
     4,  6
    Getting Started with Perl/iX
    MPE/iX Implementation Considerations
    Known Perl/iX Bugs Under Investigation
    Perl/iX To-Do List
    Perl/iX Change History
    AUTHOR
    Name
    Description
    Build
    Tools & SDK
    Setup
    Buildtype.bat, SetNWBld.bat, MPKBuild.bat

    Make
    Interpreter
    Extensions
    Install
    Build new extensions
    Known Issues
    Acknowledgements
    Authors
    Date

    perlos2 - Perl under OS/2, DOS, Win0.3*, Win0.95 and WinNT.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Target
    Other OSes
    Prerequisites
    EMX, RSX, HPFS, pdksh

    Starting Perl programs under OS/2 (and DOS and...)
    Starting OS/2 (and DOS) programs under Perl
    Frequently asked questions
    ``It does not work''
    I cannot run external programs
    I cannot embed perl into my program, or use perl.dll from my program.
    Is your program EMX-compiled with -Zmt -Zcrtdll?, Did you use the ExtUtils::Embed manpage?

    `` and pipe-open do not work under DOS.
    Cannot start find.exe "pattern" file
    INSTALLATION
    Automatic binary installation
    PERL_BADLANG, PERL_BADFREE, Config.pm

    Manual binary installation
    Perl VIO and PM executables (dynamically linked), Perl_ VIO executable (statically linked), Executables for Perl utilities, Main Perl library, Additional Perl modules, Tools to compile Perl modules, Manpages for Perl and utilities, Manpages for Perl modules, Source for Perl documentation, Perl manual in .INF format, Pdksh

    Warning
    Accessing documentation
    OS/2 .INF file
    Plain text
    Manpages
    HTML
    GNU info files
    PDF files
    LaTeX docs
    BUILD
    The short story
    Prerequisites
    Getting perl source
    Application of the patches
    Hand-editing
    Making
    Testing
    A lot of bad free, Process terminated by SIGTERM/SIGINT, op/fs.t, op/stat.t

    Installing the built perl
    a.out-style build
    Build FAQ
    Some / became \ in pdksh.
    'errno' - unresolved external
    Problems with tr or sed
    Some problem (forget which ;-)
    Library ... not found
    Segfault in make
    op/sprintf test failure
    Specific (mis)features of OS/2 port
    setpriority, getpriority
    system()
    extproc on the first line
    Additional modules:
    Prebuilt methods:
    File::Copy::syscopy, DynaLoader::mod2fname, Cwd::current_drive(), Cwd::sys_chdir(name), Cwd::change_drive(name), Cwd::sys_is_absolute(name), Cwd::sys_is_rooted(name), Cwd::sys_is_relative(name), Cwd::sys_cwd(name), Cwd::sys_abspath(name, dir), Cwd::extLibpath([type]), Cwd::extLibpath_set( path [, type ] ), OS2::Error(do_harderror,do_exception), OS2::Errors2Drive(drive), OS2::SysInfo(), OS2::BootDrive(), OS2::MorphPM(serve), OS2::UnMorphPM(serve), OS2::Serve_Messages(force), OS2::Process_Messages(force [, cnt]), OS2::_control87(new,mask), OS2::get_control87(), OS2::set_control87_em(new=MCW_EM,mask=MCW_EM)

    Prebuilt variables:
    $OS2::emx_rev, $OS2::emx_env, $OS2::os_ver

    Misfeatures
    Modifications
    popen, tmpnam, tmpfile, ctermid, stat, mkdir, rmdir, flock

    Identifying DLLs
    Centralized management of resources
    HAB, HMQ

    Perl flavors
    perl.exe
    perl_.exe
    perl__.exe
    perl___.exe
    Why strange names?
    Why dynamic linking?
    Why chimera build?
    ENVIRONMENT
    PERLLIB_PREFIX
    PERL_BADLANG
    PERL_BADFREE
    PERL_SH_DIR
    USE_PERL_FLOCK
    TMP or TEMP
    Evolution
    Priorities
    DLL name mangling: pre 5.6.2
    DLL name mangling: 5.6.2 and beyond
    Global DLLs, specific DLLs, BEGINLIBPATH and ENDLIBPATH, . from LIBPATH

    DLL forwarder generation
    Threading
    Calls to external programs
    Memory allocation
    Threads
    COND_WAIT, os2.c

    BUGS
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    perlos390, README.os390 - building and installing Perl for OS/390 and z/OS

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Tools
    Unpacking Perl distribution on OS/390
    Setup and utilities for Perl on OS/390
    Configure Perl on OS/390
    Build, Test, Install Perl on OS/390
    Build Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
    Testing Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
    Installation Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
    Usage Hints for Perl on OS/390
    Floating Point Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
    Modules and Extensions for Perl on OS/390
    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO
    Mailing list for Perl on OS/390
    HISTORY

    perlqnx, README.qnx - Perl version 5 on QNX

    DESCRIPTION
    Required Software for Compiling Perl on QNX4
    /bin/sh, ar, nm, cpp, make

    Outstanding Issues with Perl on QNX4
    QNX auxiliary files
    qnx/ar, qnx/cpp

    Outstanding issues with perl under QNX6
    AUTHOR

    perlplan9 - Plan 9-specific documentation for Perl

    DESCRIPTION
    Invoking Perl
    What's in Plan 9 Perl
    What's not in Plan 9 Perl
    Perl5 Functions not currently supported in Plan 9 Perl
    Signals in Plan 9 Perl
    COMPILING AND INSTALLING PERL ON PLAN 9
    Installing Perl Documentation on Plan 9
    BUGS
    Revision date
    AUTHOR

    perlsolaris, README.solaris - Perl version 5 on Solaris systems

    DESCRIPTION
    Solaris Version Numbers.
    RESOURCES
    Solaris FAQ, Precompiled Binaries, Solaris Documentation

    SETTING UP
    File Extraction Problems on Solaris.
    Compiler and Related Tools on Solaris.
    Environment for Compiling Perl on Solaris
    RUN CONFIGURE.
    1. -bit Issues with Perl on Solaris.
    2. Threads in Perl on Solaris.
      Malloc Issues with Perl on Solaris.
    MAKE PROBLEMS.
    Dynamic Loading Problems With GNU as and GNU ld, ld.so.1: ./perl: fatal: relocation error:, dlopen: stub interception failed, #error ``No DATAMODEL_NATIVE specified'', sh: ar: not found

    MAKE TEST
    op/stat.t test 4 in Solaris
    nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
    PREBUILT BINARIES OF PERL FOR SOLARIS.
    RUNTIME ISSUES FOR PERL ON SOLARIS.
    Limits on Numbers of Open Files on Solaris.
    SOLARIS-SPECIFIC MODULES.
    SOLARIS-SPECIFIC PROBLEMS WITH MODULES.
    Proc::ProcessTable on Solaris
    BSD::Resource on Solaris
    Net::SSLeay on Solaris
    AUTHOR
    LAST MODIFIED

    perltru64, README.tru64 - Perl version 5 on Tru64 (formerly known as Digital UNIX formerly known as DEC OSF/1) systems

    DESCRIPTION
    Compiling Perl 5 on Tru64
    Using Large Files with Perl on Tru64
    Threaded Perl on Tru64
    Long Doubles on Tru64
  • -bit Perl on Tru64
  • Warnings about floating-point overflow when compiling Perl on Tru64
    Testing Perl on Tru64
    AUTHOR

    perluts - Perl under UTS

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    BUILDING PERL ON UTS
    Installing the built perl on UTS
    AUTHOR

    perlvmesa, README.vmesa - building and installing Perl for VM/ESA.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Unpacking Perl Distribution on VM/ESA
    Setup Perl and utilities on VM/ESA
    Configure Perl on VM/ESA
    Testing Anomalies of Perl on VM/ESA
    Usage Hints for Perl on VM/ESA
    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO
    Mailing list for Perl on VM/ESA

    perlvms - VMS-specific documentation for Perl

    DESCRIPTION
    Installation
    Organization of Perl Images
    Core Images
    Perl Extensions
    Installing static extensions
    Installing dynamic extensions
    File specifications
    Syntax
    Wildcard expansion
    Pipes
    PERL5LIB and PERLLIB
    Command line
    I/O redirection and backgrounding
    Command line switches
    -i, -S, -u

    Perl functions
    File tests, backticks, binmode FILEHANDLE, crypt PLAINTEXT, USER, dump, exec LIST, fork, getpwent, getpwnam, getpwuid, gmtime, kill, qx//, select (system call), stat EXPR, system LIST, time, times, unlink LIST, utime LIST, waitpid PID,FLAGS

    Perl variables
    %ENV, CRTL_ENV, CLISYM_[LOCAL], Any other string, $!, $^E, $?, $|

    Standard modules with VMS-specific differences
    SDBM_File
    Revision date
    AUTHOR

    perlvos, README.vos - Perl for Stratus VOS

    SYNOPSIS
    Multiple methods to build perl for VOS
    Stratus POSIX Support
    INSTALLING PERL IN VOS
    Compiling Perl 5 on VOS
    Installing Perl 5 on VOS
    USING PERL IN VOS
    Unimplemented Features of Perl on VOS
    Restrictions of Perl on VOS
    SUPPORT STATUS
    AUTHOR
    LAST UPDATE

    perlwin32 - Perl under Win32

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Setting Up Perl on Win32
    Make, Command Shell, Borland C++, Microsoft Visual C++, Mingw32 with GCC

    Building
    Testing Perl on Win32
    Installation of Perl on Win32
    Usage Hints for Perl on Win32
    Environment Variables, File Globbing, Using perl from the command line, Building Extensions, Command-line Wildcard Expansion, Win32 Specific Extensions, Running Perl Scripts, Miscellaneous Things

    BUGS AND CAVEATS
    AUTHORS
    Gary Ng <71564.1743@CompuServe.COM>, Gurusamy Sarathy <gsar@activestate.com>, Nick Ing-Simmons <nick@ing-simmons.net>

    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY


    PRAGMA DOCUMENTATION

    attrs - set/get attributes of a subroutine (deprecated)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    method, locked

    re - Perl pragma to alter regular expression behaviour

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    threadshared::shared, threads::shared - Perl extension for sharing data structures between threads

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXPORT
    FUNCTIONS
    share VARIABLE, lock VARIABLE, unlock VARIABLE, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE

    NOTES
    BUGS
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    threads - Perl extension allowing use of interpreter based threads from perl

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    $thread = threads->create(function, LIST), $thread->join, $thread->detach, threads->self, $thread->tid

    TODO
    Fix so the return value is returned when you join, Add join_all, Fix memory leaks!

    AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT
    BUGS
    creating a thread from within a thread is unsafe under win32, PERL_OLD_SIGNALS are not threadsafe, will not be

    SEE ALSO

    attributes - get/set subroutine or variable attributes

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Built-in Attributes
    locked, method, lvalue

    Available Subroutines
    get, reftype

    Package-specific Attribute Handling
    FETCH_type_ATTRIBUTES, MODIFY_type_ATTRIBUTES

    Syntax of Attribute Lists
    EXPORTS
    Default exports
    Available exports
    Export tags defined
    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO

    attrs - set/get attributes of a subroutine (deprecated)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    method, locked

    autouse - postpone load of modules until a function is used

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    WARNING
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    base - Establish IS-A relationship with base class at compile time

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    HISTORY
    SEE ALSO

    blib - Use MakeMaker's uninstalled version of a package

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    bytes - Perl pragma to force byte semantics rather than character semantics

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SEE ALSO

    charnames - define character names for \N{named} string literal escapes.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CUSTOM TRANSLATORS
    charnames::viacode(code)
    charnames::vianame(code)
    ILLEGAL CHARACTERS
    BUGS

    constant - Perl pragma to declare constants

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTES
    List constants
    Defining multiple constants at once
    Magic constants
    TECHNICAL NOTES
    BUGS
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    diagnostics - Perl compiler pragma to force verbose warning diagnostics

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    The diagnostics Pragma
    The splain Program
    EXAMPLES
    INTERNALS
    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    encoding - pragma to control the conversion of legacy data into Unicode

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    KNOWN PROBLEMS
    SEE ALSO

    fields - compile-time class fields

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    new, phash

    SEE ALSO

    filetest - Perl pragma to control the filetest permission operators

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    subpragma access

    if - use a Perl module if a condition holds

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    integer - Perl pragma to use integer arithmetic instead of floating point

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    less - perl pragma to request less of something from the compiler

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    lib - manipulate @INC at compile time

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Adding directories to @INC
    Deleting directories from @INC
    Restoring original @INC
    CAVEATS
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    locale - Perl pragma to use and avoid POSIX locales for built-in operations

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    open - perl pragma to set default disciplines for input and output

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NONPERLIO FUNCTIONALITY
    IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
    SEE ALSO

    ops - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe operations when compiling

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SEE ALSO

    overload - Package for overloading perl operations

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Declaration of overloaded functions
    Calling Conventions for Binary Operations
    FALSE, TRUE, undef

    Calling Conventions for Unary Operations
    Calling Conventions for Mutators
    ++ and --, x= and other assignment versions

    Overloadable Operations
    Arithmetic operations, Comparison operations, Bit operations, Increment and decrement, Transcendental functions, Boolean, string and numeric conversion, Iteration, Dereferencing, Special

    Inheritance and overloading
    Strings as values of use overload directive, Overloading of an operation is inherited by derived classes

    SPECIAL SYMBOLS FOR use overload
    Last Resort
    Fallback
    undef, TRUE, defined, but FALSE

    Copy Constructor
    Example

    MAGIC AUTOGENERATION
    Assignment forms of arithmetic operations, Conversion operations, Increment and decrement, abs($a), Unary minus, Negation, Concatenation, Comparison operations, Iterator, Dereferencing, Copy operator

    Losing overloading
    Run-time Overloading
    Public functions
    overload::StrVal(arg), overload::Overloaded(arg), overload::Method(obj,op)

    Overloading constants
    integer, float, binary, q, qr

    IMPLEMENTATION
    Metaphor clash
    Cookbook
    Two-face scalars
    Two-face references
    Symbolic calculator
    Really symbolic calculator
    AUTHOR
    DIAGNOSTICS
    Odd number of arguments for overload::constant, `%s' is not an overloadable type, `%s' is not a code reference

    BUGS

    re - Perl pragma to alter regular expression behaviour

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    sigtrap - Perl pragma to enable simple signal handling

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    SIGNAL HANDLERS
    stack-trace, die, handler your-handler

    SIGNAL LISTS
    normal-signals, error-signals, old-interface-signals

    OTHER
    untrapped, any, signal, number

    EXAMPLES

    sort - perl pragma to control sort() behaviour

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    strict - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe constructs

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    strict refs, strict vars, strict subs

    subs - Perl pragma to predeclare sub names

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    threads - Perl extension allowing use of interpreter based threads from perl

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    $thread = threads->create(function, LIST), $thread->join, $thread->detach, threads->self, $thread->tid

    TODO
    Fix so the return value is returned when you join, Add join_all, Fix memory leaks!

    AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT
    BUGS
    creating a thread from within a thread is unsafe under win32, PERL_OLD_SIGNALS are not threadsafe, will not be

    SEE ALSO

    threadshared, threads::shared - Perl extension for sharing data structures between threads

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXPORT
    FUNCTIONS
    share VARIABLE, lock VARIABLE, unlock VARIABLE, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE

    NOTES
    BUGS
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    utf8 - Perl pragma to enable/disable UTF-8 (or UTF-EBCDIC) in source code

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Utility functions
    $num_octets = utf8::upgrade($string);, utf8::downgrade($string[, CHECK]), utf8::encode($string), $flag = utf8::decode($string)

    SEE ALSO

    vars - Perl pragma to predeclare global variable names (obsolete)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    vmsish - Perl pragma to control VMS-specific language features

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    vmsish status, vmsish exit, vmsish time, vmsish hushed

    warnings - Perl pragma to control optional warnings

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    use warnings::register, warnings::enabled(), warnings::enabled($category), warnings::enabled($object), warnings::warn($message), warnings::warn($category, $message), warnings::warn($object, $message), warnings::warnif($message), warnings::warnif($category, $message), warnings::warnif($object, $message)

    warnings::register - warnings import function

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION


    MODULE DOCUMENTATION

    AnyDBM_File - provide framework for multiple DBMs

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    DBM Comparisons
    [0], [1], [2], [3]

    SEE ALSO

    Attribute::Handlers - Simpler definition of attribute handlers

    VERSION
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]
    Typed lexicals
    Type-specific attribute handlers
    Non-interpretive attribute handlers
    Phase-specific attribute handlers
    Attributes as tie interfaces
    EXAMPLES
    DIAGNOSTICS
    Bad attribute type: ATTR(%s), Attribute handler %s doesn't handle %s attributes, Declaration of %s attribute in package %s may clash with future reserved word, Can't have two ATTR specifiers on one subroutine, Can't autotie a %s, Internal error: %s symbol went missing, Won't be able to apply END handler

    AUTHOR
    BUGS
    COPYRIGHT

    AutoLoader - load subroutines only on demand

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Subroutine Stubs
    Using AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
    Overriding AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
    Package Lexicals
    Not Using AutoLoader
    AutoLoader vs. SelfLoader
    CAVEATS
    SEE ALSO

    AutoSplit - split a package for autoloading

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    $keep, $check, $modtime
    Multiple packages
    DIAGNOSTICS

    B - The Perl Compiler

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OVERVIEW OF CLASSES
    SV-RELATED CLASSES
    B::SV METHODS
    REFCNT, FLAGS

    B::IV METHODS
    IV, IVX, UVX, int_value, needs64bits, packiv

    B::NV METHODS
    NV, NVX

    B::RV METHODS
    RV

    B::PV METHODS
    PV, RV, PVX

    B::PVMG METHODS
    MAGIC, SvSTASH

    B::MAGIC METHODS
    MOREMAGIC, precomp, PRIVATE, TYPE, FLAGS, OBJ, PTR, REGEX

    B::PVLV METHODS
    TARGOFF, TARGLEN, TYPE, TARG

    B::BM METHODS
    USEFUL, PREVIOUS, RARE, TABLE

    B::GV METHODS
    is_empty, NAME, SAFENAME, STASH, SV, IO, FORM, AV, HV, EGV, CV, CVGEN, LINE, FILE, FILEGV, GvREFCNT, FLAGS

    B::IO METHODS
    LINES, PAGE, PAGE_LEN, LINES_LEFT, TOP_NAME, TOP_GV, FMT_NAME, FMT_GV, BOTTOM_NAME, BOTTOM_GV, SUBPROCESS, IoTYPE, IoFLAGS, IsSTD

    B::AV METHODS
    FILL, MAX, OFF, ARRAY, AvFLAGS

    B::CV METHODS
    STASH, START, ROOT, GV, FILE, DEPTH, PADLIST, OUTSIDE, XSUB, XSUBANY, CvFLAGS, const_sv

    B::HV METHODS
    FILL, MAX, KEYS, RITER, NAME, PMROOT, ARRAY

    OP-RELATED CLASSES
    B::OP METHODS
    next, sibling, name, ppaddr, desc, targ, type, seq, flags, private

    B::UNOP METHOD
    first

    B::BINOP METHOD
    last

    B::LOGOP METHOD
    other

    B::LISTOP METHOD
    children

    B::PMOP METHODS
    pmreplroot, pmreplstart, pmnext, pmregexp, pmflags, pmdynflags, pmpermflags, precomp, pmoffet

    B::SVOP METHOD
    sv, gv

    B::PADOP METHOD
    padix

    B::PVOP METHOD
    pv

    B::LOOP METHODS
    redoop, nextop, lastop

    B::COP METHODS
    label, stash, file, cop_seq, arybase, line

    FUNCTIONS EXPORTED BY B
    main_cv, init_av, begin_av, end_av, main_root, main_start, comppadlist, regex_padav, sv_undef, sv_yes, sv_no, amagic_generation, walkoptree(OP, METHOD), walkoptree_debug(DEBUG), walksymtable(SYMREF, METHOD, RECURSE, PREFIX), svref_2object(SV), ppname(OPNUM), hash(STR), cast_I32(I), minus_c, cstring(STR), class(OBJ), threadsv_names

    AUTHOR

    B::Asmdata - Autogenerated data about Perl ops, used to generate bytecode

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    %insn_data, @insn_name, @optype, @specialsv_name

    AUTHOR

    B::Assembler - Assemble Perl bytecode

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHORS

    B::Bblock - Walk basic blocks

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Functions
    find_leaders

    AUTHOR

    B::Bytecode - Perl compiler's bytecode backend

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    -ofilename, -afilename, --, -f, -fcompress-nullops, -fomit-sequence-numbers, -fbypass-nullops, -On, -D, -Do, -Db, -Da, -DC, -S, -upackage

    EXAMPLES
    BUGS
    AUTHORS

    B::C - Perl compiler's C backend

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    -ofilename, -v, --, -uPackname, -D, -Do, -Dc, -DA, -DC, -DM, -f, -fcog, -fsave-data, -fppaddr, -fwarn-sv, -fuse-script-name, -fsave-sig-hash, -On, -O0, -O1, -O2, -llimit

    EXAMPLES
    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    B::CC - Perl compiler's optimized C translation backend

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    -ofilename, -v, --, -uPackname, -mModulename, -D, -Dr, -DO, -Ds, -Dp, -Dq, -Dl, -Dt, -f, -ffreetmps-each-bblock, -ffreetmps-each-loop, -fomit-taint, -On

    EXAMPLES
    BUGS
    DIFFERENCES
    Loops
    Context of ``..''
    Arithmetic
    Deprecated features
    AUTHOR

    B::Concise - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing concise info about ops

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLE
    OPTIONS
    -basic, -exec, -tree, -compact, -loose, -vt, -ascii, -main, -basen, -bigendian, -littleendian, -concise, -terse, -linenoise, -debug, -env

    FORMATTING SPECIFICATIONS
    (x(exec_text;basic_text)x), (*(text)*), (*(text1;text2)*), (?(text1#varText2)?), #var, #varN, ~, #addr, #arg, #class, #classsym, #coplabel, #exname, #extarg, #firstaddr, #flags, #flagval, #hyphseq, #label, #lastaddr, #name, #NAME, #next, #nextaddr, #noise, #private, #privval, #seq, #seqnum, #sibaddr, #svaddr, #svclass, #svval, #targ, #targarg, #targarglife, #typenum

    ABBREVIATIONS
    OP flags abbreviations
    OP class abbreviations
    Using B::Concise outside of the O framework
    AUTHOR

    B::Debug - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing debug info about ops

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    B::Deparse - Perl compiler backend to produce perl code

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    -l, -p, -P, -q, -fFILE, -sLETTERS, C, iNUMBER, T, vSTRING., -xLEVEL

    USING B::Deparse AS A MODULE
    Synopsis
    Description
    new
    ambient_pragmas
    strict, $[, bytes, utf8, integer, re, warnings, hint_bits, warning_bits

    coderef2text
    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    B::Disassembler - Disassemble Perl bytecode

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    B::Lint - Perl lint

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS AND LINT CHECKS
    context, implicit-read and implicit-write, dollar-underscore, private-names, undefined-subs, regexp-variables, all, none

    NON LINT-CHECK OPTIONS
    -u Package

    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    B::O, O - Generic interface to Perl Compiler backends

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONVENTIONS
    IMPLEMENTATION
    AUTHOR

    B::Showlex - Show lexical variables used in functions or files

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    B::Stackobj - Helper module for CC backend

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    B::Stash - show what stashes are loaded

    B::Terse - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing terse info about ops

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    B::Xref - Generates cross reference reports for Perl programs

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    -oFILENAME, -r, -D[tO]

    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    Bblock, B::Bblock - Walk basic blocks

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Functions
    find_leaders

    AUTHOR

    Benchmark - benchmark running times of Perl code

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Methods
    new, debug, iters

    Standard Exports
    timeit(COUNT, CODE), timethis ( COUNT, CODE, [ TITLE, [ STYLE ]] ), timethese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), timediff ( T1, T2 ), timestr ( TIMEDIFF, [ STYLE, [ FORMAT ] ] )

    Optional Exports
    clearcache ( COUNT ), clearallcache ( ), cmpthese ( COUT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), cmpthese ( RESULTSHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), countit(TIME, CODE), disablecache ( ), enablecache ( ), timesum ( T1, T2 )

    NOTES
    EXAMPLES
    INHERITANCE
    CAVEATS
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS
    MODIFICATION HISTORY

    ByteLoader - load byte compiled perl code

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Bytecode, B::Bytecode - Perl compiler's bytecode backend

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    -ofilename, -afilename, --, -f, -fcompress-nullops, -fomit-sequence-numbers, -fbypass-nullops, -On, -D, -Do, -Db, -Da, -DC, -S, -upackage

    EXAMPLES
    BUGS
    AUTHORS

    CGI - Simple Common Gateway Interface Class

    SYNOPSIS
    ABSTRACT
    DESCRIPTION
    PROGRAMMING STYLE
    CALLING CGI.PM ROUTINES
    CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT (OBJECT-ORIENTED STYLE):
    CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT FROM AN INPUT FILE
    FETCHING A LIST OF KEYWORDS FROM THE QUERY:
    FETCHING THE NAMES OF ALL THE PARAMETERS PASSED TO YOUR SCRIPT:
    FETCHING THE VALUE OR VALUES OF A SINGLE NAMED PARAMETER:
    SETTING THE VALUE(S) OF A NAMED PARAMETER:
    APPENDING ADDITIONAL VALUES TO A NAMED PARAMETER:
    IMPORTING ALL PARAMETERS INTO A NAMESPACE:
    DELETING A PARAMETER COMPLETELY:
    DELETING ALL PARAMETERS:
    DIRECT ACCESS TO THE PARAMETER LIST:
    FETCHING THE PARAMETER LIST AS A HASH:
    SAVING THE STATE OF THE SCRIPT TO A FILE:
    RETRIEVING CGI ERRORS
    USING THE FUNCTION-ORIENTED INTERFACE
    :cgi, :form, :html2, :html3, :html4, :netscape, :html, :standard, :all

    PRAGMAS
    -any, -compile, -nosticky, -no_undef_params, -no_xhtml, -nph, -newstyle_urls, -oldstyle_urls, -autoload, -no_debug, -debug, -private_tempfiles

    SPECIAL FORMS FOR IMPORTING HTML-TAG FUNCTIONS
    1. start_table() (generates a <table> tag), 2. end_table() (generates a </table> tag), 3. start_ul() (generates a <ul> tag), 4. end_ul() (generates a </ul> tag)

    GENERATING DYNAMIC DOCUMENTS
    CREATING A STANDARD HTTP HEADER:
    GENERATING A REDIRECTION HEADER
    CREATING THE HTML DOCUMENT HEADER
    Parameters:, 4, 5, 6..

    ENDING THE HTML DOCUMENT:
    CREATING A SELF-REFERENCING URL THAT PRESERVES STATE INFORMATION:
    OBTAINING THE SCRIPT'S URL
    -absolute, -relative, -full, -path (-path_info), -query (-query_string), -base

    MIXING POST AND URL PARAMETERS
    CREATING STANDARD HTML ELEMENTS:
    PROVIDING ARGUMENTS TO HTML SHORTCUTS
    THE DISTRIBUTIVE PROPERTY OF HTML SHORTCUTS
    HTML SHORTCUTS AND LIST INTERPOLATION
    NON-STANDARD HTML SHORTCUTS
    AUTOESCAPING HTML
    $escaped_string = escapeHTML(``unescaped string'');, $charset = charset([$charset]);, $flag = autoEscape([$flag]);

    PRETTY-PRINTING HTML
    CREATING FILL-OUT FORMS:
    CREATING AN ISINDEX TAG
    STARTING AND ENDING A FORM
    application/x-www-form-urlencoded, multipart/form-data

    CREATING A TEXT FIELD
    Parameters

    CREATING A BIG TEXT FIELD
    CREATING A PASSWORD FIELD
    CREATING A FILE UPLOAD FIELD
    Parameters

    CREATING A POPUP MENU
    CREATING A SCROLLING LIST
    Parameters:

    CREATING A GROUP OF RELATED CHECKBOXES
    Parameters:

    CREATING A STANDALONE CHECKBOX
    Parameters:

    CREATING A RADIO BUTTON GROUP
    Parameters:

    CREATING A SUBMIT BUTTON
    Parameters:

    CREATING A RESET BUTTON
    CREATING A DEFAULT BUTTON
    CREATING A HIDDEN FIELD
    Parameters:

    CREATING A CLICKABLE IMAGE BUTTON
    Parameters:

    CREATING A JAVASCRIPT ACTION BUTTON
    HTTP COOKIES
    1. an expiration time, 2. a domain, 3. a path, 4. a ``secure'' flag, -name, -value, -path, -domain, -expires, -secure

    WORKING WITH FRAMES
    1. Create a <Frameset> document, 2. Specify the destination for the document in the HTTP header, 3. Specify the destination for the document in the <form> tag

    LIMITED SUPPORT FOR CASCADING STYLE SHEETS
    DEBUGGING
    DUMPING OUT ALL THE NAME/VALUE PAIRS
    FETCHING ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
    Accept(), raw_cookie(), user_agent(), path_info(), path_translated(), remote_host(), script_name(), referer(), auth_type (), server_name (), virtual_host (), server_port (), server_software (), remote_user (), user_name (), request_method(), content_type(), http(), https()

    USING NPH SCRIPTS
    In the use statement, By calling the nph() method:, By using -nph parameters

    Server Push
    multipart_init(), multipart_start(), multipart_end(), multipart_final()

    Avoiding Denial of Service Attacks
    $CGI::POST_MAX, $CGI::DISABLE_UPLOADS, 1. On a script-by-script basis, 2. Globally for all scripts

    COMPATIBILITY WITH CGI-LIB.PL
    AUTHOR INFORMATION
    CREDITS
    Matt Heffron (heffron@falstaff.css.beckman.com), James Taylor (james.taylor@srs.gov), Scott Anguish <sanguish@digifix.com>, Mike Jewell (mlj3u@virginia.edu), Timothy Shimmin (tes@kbs.citri.edu.au), Joergen Haegg (jh@axis.se), Laurent Delfosse (delfosse@delfosse.com), Richard Resnick (applepi1@aol.com), Craig Bishop (csb@barwonwater.vic.gov.au), Tony Curtis (tc@vcpc.univie.ac.at), Tim Bunce (Tim.Bunce@ig.co.uk), Tom Christiansen (tchrist@convex.com), Andreas Koenig (k@franz.ww.TU-Berlin.DE), Tim MacKenzie (Tim.MacKenzie@fulcrum.com.au), Kevin B. Hendricks (kbhend@dogwood.tyler.wm.edu), Stephen Dahmen (joyfire@inxpress.net), Ed Jordan (ed@fidalgo.net), David Alan Pisoni (david@cnation.com), Doug MacEachern (dougm@opengroup.org), Robin Houston (robin@oneworld.org), ...and many many more..

    A COMPLETE EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE FORM-BASED SCRIPT
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO

    CGI::Apache - Backward compatibility module for CGI.pm

    SYNOPSIS
    ABSTRACT
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR INFORMATION
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO

    CGI::Carp, CGI::Carp - CGI routines for writing to the HTTPD (or other) error log

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    REDIRECTING ERROR MESSAGES
    MAKING PERL ERRORS APPEAR IN THE BROWSER WINDOW
    Changing the default message
    MAKING WARNINGS APPEAR AS HTML COMMENTS
    CHANGE LOG
    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO

    CGI::Cookie - Interface to Netscape Cookies

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    USING CGI::Cookie
    1. expiration date, 2. domain, 3. path, 4. secure flag
    Creating New Cookies
    Sending the Cookie to the Browser
    Recovering Previous Cookies
    Manipulating Cookies
    name(), value(), domain(), path(), expires()

    AUTHOR INFORMATION
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO

    CGI::Fast - CGI Interface for Fast CGI

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OTHER PIECES OF THE PUZZLE
    WRITING FASTCGI PERL SCRIPTS
    INSTALLING FASTCGI SCRIPTS
    USING FASTCGI SCRIPTS AS CGI SCRIPTS
    EXTERNAL FASTCGI SERVER INVOCATION
    FCGI_SOCKET_PATH, FCGI_LISTEN_QUEUE

    CAVEATS
    AUTHOR INFORMATION
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO

    CGI::Pretty - module to produce nicely formatted HTML code

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Tags that won't be formatted
    Customizing the Indenting
    BUGS
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    CGI::Push - Simple Interface to Server Push

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    USING CGI::Push
    -next_page, -last_page, -type, -delay, -cookie, -target, -expires, -nph
    Heterogeneous Pages
    Changing the Page Delay on the Fly
    INSTALLING CGI::Push SCRIPTS
    AUTHOR INFORMATION
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO

    CGI::Switch - Backward compatibility module for defunct CGI::Switch

    SYNOPSIS
    ABSTRACT
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR INFORMATION
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO

    CGI::Util - Internal utilities used by CGI module

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR INFORMATION
    SEE ALSO

    CPAN - query, download and build perl modules from CPAN sites

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Interactive Mode
    Searching for authors, bundles, distribution files and modules, make, test, install, clean modules or distributions, get, readme, look module or distribution, ls author, Signals

    CPAN::Shell
    autobundle
    recompile
    The four CPAN::* Classes: Author, Bundle, Module, Distribution
    Programmer's interface
    expand($type,@things), expandany(@things), Programming Examples

    Methods in the other Classes
    CPAN::Author::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Author::as_string(), CPAN::Author::email(), CPAN::Author::fullname(), CPAN::Author::name(), CPAN::Bundle::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Bundle::as_string(), CPAN::Bundle::clean(), CPAN::Bundle::contains(), CPAN::Bundle::force($method,@args), CPAN::Bundle::get(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_file(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_version(), CPAN::Bundle::uptodate(), CPAN::Bundle::install(), CPAN::Bundle::make(), CPAN::Bundle::readme(), CPAN::Bundle::test(), CPAN::Distribution::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Distribution::as_string(), CPAN::Distribution::clean(), CPAN::Distribution::containsmods(), CPAN::Distribution::cvs_import(), CPAN::Distribution::dir(), CPAN::Distribution::force($method,@args), CPAN::Distribution::get(), CPAN::Distribution::install(), CPAN::Distribution::isa_perl(), CPAN::Distribution::look(), CPAN::Distribution::make(), CPAN::Distribution::prereq_pm(), CPAN::Distribution::readme(), CPAN::Distribution::test(), CPAN::Distribution::uptodate(), CPAN::Index::force_reload(), CPAN::Index::reload(), CPAN::InfoObj::dump(), CPAN::Module::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Module::as_string(), CPAN::Module::clean(), CPAN::Module::cpan_file(), CPAN::Module::cpan_version(), CPAN::Module::cvs_import(), CPAN::Module::description(), CPAN::Module::force($method,@args), CPAN::Module::get(), CPAN::Module::inst_file(), CPAN::Module::inst_version(), CPAN::Module::install(), CPAN::Module::look(), CPAN::Module::make(), CPAN::Module::manpage_headline(), CPAN::Module::readme(), CPAN::Module::test(), CPAN::Module::uptodate(), CPAN::Module::userid()

    Cache Manager
    Bundles
    Prerequisites
    Finding packages and VERSION
    Debugging
    Floppy, Zip, Offline Mode
    CONFIGURATION
    o conf <scalar option>, o conf <scalar option> E<lt>valueE<gt>, o conf <list option>, o conf <list optionE<gt> [shift|pop], o conf <list option> [unshift|push|splice] E<lt>listE<gt>
    Note on urllist parameter's format
    urllist parameter has CD-ROM support
    SECURITY
    EXPORT
    POPULATE AN INSTALLATION WITH LOTS OF MODULES
    WORKING WITH CPAN.pm BEHIND FIREWALLS
    Three basic types of firewalls
    http firewall, ftp firewall, One way visibility, SOCKS, IP Masquerade

    Configuring lynx or ncftp for going through a firewall
    FAQ
    1), 2), 3), 4), 5), 6), 7), 8), 9), 10)

    BUGS
    AUTHOR
    TRANSLATIONS
    SEE ALSO

    CPAN::FirstTime - Utility for CPAN::Config file Initialization

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    CPANox, CPAN::Nox - Wrapper around CPAN.pm without using any XS module

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SEE ALSO

    Carp, carp - warn of errors (from perspective of caller)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Forcing a Stack Trace
    BUGS

    Carp::Heavy, Carp heavy machinery - no user serviceable parts inside

    Class::ISA -- report the search path for a class's ISA tree

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    FUNCTIONS
    the function Class::ISA::super_path($CLASS), the function Class::ISA::self_and_super_path($CLASS), the function Class::ISA::self_and_super_versions($CLASS)

    CAUTIONARY NOTES
    COPYRIGHT
    AUTHOR

    Class::Struct - declare struct-like datatypes as Perl classes

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    The struct() function
    Class Creation at Compile Time
    Element Types and Accessor Methods
    Scalar ('$' or '*$'), Array ('@' or '*@'), Hash ('%' or '*%'), Class ('Class_Name' or '*Class_Name')

    Initializing with new
    EXAMPLES
    Example 1, Example 2, Example 3

    Author and Modification History

    Config - access Perl configuration information

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    myconfig(), config_sh(), config_vars(@names)

    EXAMPLE
    WARNING
    GLOSSARY
    _
    _a, _exe, _o

    a
    afs, afsroot, alignbytes, ansi2knr, aphostname, api_revision, api_subversion, api_version, api_versionstring, ar, archlib, archlibexp, archname64, archname, archobjs, awk

    b
    baserev, bash, bin, bincompat5005, binexp, bison, byacc, byteorder

    c
    c, castflags, cat, cc, cccdlflags, ccdlflags, ccflags, ccflags_uselargefiles, ccname, ccsymbols, ccversion, cf_by, cf_email, cf_time, charsize, chgrp, chmod, chown, clocktype, comm, compress, contains, cp, cpio, cpp, cpp_stuff, cppccsymbols, cppflags, cpplast, cppminus, cpprun, cppstdin, cppsymbols, cryptlib, csh

    d
    d__fwalk, d_access, d_accessx, d_alarm, d_archlib, d_atolf, d_atoll, d_attribut, d_bcmp, d_bcopy, d_bincompat5005, d_bsd, d_bsdgetpgrp, d_bsdsetpgrp, d_bzero, d_casti32, d_castneg, d_charvspr, d_chown, d_chroot, d_chsize, d_class, d_closedir, d_cmsghdr_s, d_const, d_crypt, d_csh, d_cuserid, d_dbl_dig, d_dbminitproto, d_difftime, d_dirfd, d_dirnamlen, d_dlerror, d_dlopen, d_dlsymun, d_dosuid, d_drand48proto, d_dup2, d_eaccess, d_endgrent, d_endhent, d_endnent, d_endpent, d_endpwent, d_endsent, d_eofnblk, d_eunice, d_fchdir, d_fchmod, d_fchown, d_fcntl, d_fcntl_can_lock, d_fd_macros, d_fd_set, d_fds_bits, d_fgetpos, d_finite, d_finitel, d_flexfnam, d_flock, d_flockproto, d_fork, d_fp_class, d_fpathconf, d_fpclass, d_fpclassify, d_fpclassl, d_fpos64_t, d_frexpl, d_fs_data_s, d_fseeko, d_fsetpos, d_fstatfs, d_fstatvfs, d_fsync, d_ftello, d_ftime, d_Gconvert, d_getcwd, d_getespwnam, d_getfsstat, d_getgrent, d_getgrps, d_gethbyaddr, d_gethbyname, d_gethent, d_gethname, d_gethostprotos, d_getitimer, d_getlogin, d_getmnt, d_getmntent, d_getnbyaddr, d_getnbyname, d_getnent, d_getnetprotos, d_getpagsz, d_getpbyname, d_getpbynumber, d_getpent, d_getpgid, d_getpgrp2, d_getpgrp, d_getppid, d_getprior, d_getprotoprotos, d_getprpwnam, d_getpwent, d_getsbyname, d_getsbyport, d_getsent, d_getservprotos, d_getspnam, d_gettimeod, d_gnulibc, d_grpasswd, d_hasmntopt, d_htonl, d_index, d_inetaton, d_int64_t, d_isascii, d_isfinite, d_isinf, d_isnan, d_isnanl, d_killpg, d_lchown, d_ldbl_dig, d_link, d_locconv, d_lockf, d_longdbl, d_longlong, d_lseekproto, d_lstat, d_madvise, d_mblen, d_mbstowcs, d_mbtowc, d_memchr, d_memcmp, d_memcpy, d_memmove, d_memset, d_mkdir, d_mkdtemp, d_mkfifo, d_mkstemp, d_mkstemps, d_mktime, d_mmap, d_modfl, d_modfl_pow32_bug, d_mprotect, d_msg, d_msg_ctrunc, d_msg_dontroute, d_msg_oob, d_msg_peek, d_msg_proxy, d_msgctl, d_msgget, d_msghdr_s, d_msgrcv, d_msgsnd, d_msync, d_munmap, d_mymalloc, d_nice, d_nl_langinfo, d_nv_preserves_uv, d_nv_preserves_uv_bits, d_off64_t, d_old_pthread_create_joinable, d_oldpthreads, d_oldsock, d_open3, d_pathconf, d_pause, d_perl_otherlibdirs, d_phostname, d_pipe, d_poll, d_portable, d_PRId64, d_PRIeldbl, d_PRIEUldbl, d_PRIfldbl, d_PRIFUldbl, d_PRIgldbl, d_PRIGUldbl, d_PRIi64, d_PRIo64, d_PRIu64, d_PRIx64, d_PRIXU64, d_procselfexe, d_pthread_atfork, d_pthread_yield, d_pwage, d_pwchange, d_pwclass, d_pwcomment, d_pwexpire, d_pwgecos, d_pwpasswd, d_pwquota, d_qgcvt, d_quad, d_readdir, d_readlink, d_readv, d_recvmsg, d_rename, d_rewinddir, d_rmdir, d_safebcpy, d_safemcpy, d_sanemcmp, d_sbrkproto, d_sched_yield, d_scm_rights, d_SCNfldbl, d_seekdir, d_select, d_sem, d_semctl, d_semctl_semid_ds, d_semctl_semun, d_semget, d_semop, d_sendmsg, d_setegid, d_seteuid, d_setgrent, d_setgrps, d_sethent, d_setitimer, d_setlinebuf, d_setlocale, d_setnent, d_setpent, d_setpgid, d_setpgrp2, d_setpgrp, d_setprior, d_setproctitle, d_setpwent, d_setregid, d_setresgid, d_setresuid, d_setreuid, d_setrgid, d_setruid, d_setsent, d_setsid, d_setvbuf, d_sfio, d_shm, d_shmat, d_shmatprototype, d_shmctl, d_shmdt, d_shmget, d_sigaction, d_sigprocmask, d_sigsetjmp, d_sockatmark, d_sockatmarkproto, d_socket, d_socklen_t, d_sockpair, d_socks5_init, d_sqrtl, d_sresgproto, d_sresuproto, d_statblks, d_statfs_f_flags, d_statfs_s, d_statvfs, d_stdio_cnt_lval, d_stdio_ptr_lval, d_stdio_ptr_lval_nochange_cnt, d_stdio_ptr_lval_sets_cnt, d_stdio_stream_array, d_stdiobase, d_stdstdio, d_strchr, d_strcoll, d_strctcpy, d_strerrm, d_strerror, d_strftime, d_strtod, d_strtol, d_strtold, d_strtoll, d_strtoq, d_strtoul, d_strtoull, d_strtouq, d_strxfrm, d_suidsafe, d_symlink, d_syscall, d_syscallproto, d_sysconf, d_sysernlst, d_syserrlst, d_system, d_tcgetpgrp, d_tcsetpgrp, d_telldir, d_telldirproto, d_time, d_times, d_truncate, d_tzname, d_u32align, d_ualarm, d_umask, d_uname, d_union_semun, d_unordered, d_usleep, d_usleepproto, d_ustat, d_vendorarch, d_vendorbin, d_vendorlib, d_vfork, d_void_closedir, d_voidsig, d_voidtty, d_volatile, d_vprintf, d_wait4, d_waitpid, d_wcstombs, d_wctomb, d_writev, d_xenix, date, db_hashtype, db_prefixtype, db_version_major, db_version_minor, db_version_patch, defvoidused, direntrytype, dlext, dlsrc, doublesize, drand01, dynamic_ext

    e
    eagain, ebcdic, echo, egrep, emacs, eunicefix, exe_ext, expr, extensions, extras

    f
    fflushall, fflushNULL, find, firstmakefile, flex, fpossize, fpostype, freetype, from, full_ar, full_csh, full_sed

    g
    gccosandvers, gccversion, gidformat, gidsign, gidsize, gidtype, glibpth, gmake, grep, groupcat, groupstype, gzip

    h
    h_fcntl, h_sysfile, hint, hostcat

    i
    i16size, i16type, i32size, i32type, i64size, i64type, i8size, i8type, i_arpainet, i_bsdioctl, i_db, i_dbm, i_dirent, i_dld, i_dlfcn, i_fcntl, i_float, i_fp, i_fp_class, i_gdbm, i_grp, i_ieeefp, i_inttypes, i_langinfo, i_libutil, i_limits, i_locale, i_machcthr, i_malloc, i_math, i_memory, i_mntent, i_ndbm, i_netdb, i_neterrno, i_netinettcp, i_niin, i_poll, i_prot, i_pthread, i_pwd, i_rpcsvcdbm, i_sfio, i_sgtty, i_shadow, i_socks, i_stdarg, i_stddef, i_stdlib, i_string, i_sunmath, i_sysaccess, i_sysdir, i_sysfile, i_sysfilio, i_sysin, i_sysioctl, i_syslog, i_sysmman, i_sysmode, i_sysmount, i_sysndir, i_sysparam, i_sysresrc, i_syssecrt, i_sysselct, i_syssockio, i_sysstat, i_sysstatfs, i_sysstatvfs, i_systime, i_systimek, i_systimes, i_systypes, i_sysuio, i_sysun, i_sysutsname, i_sysvfs, i_syswait, i_termio, i_termios, i_time, i_unistd, i_ustat, i_utime, i_values, i_varargs, i_varhdr, i_vfork, ignore_versioned_solibs, inc_version_list, inc_version_list_init, incpath, inews, installarchlib, installbin, installman1dir, installman3dir, installprefix, installprefixexp, installprivlib, installscript, installsitearch, installsitebin, installsitelib, installstyle, installusrbinperl, installvendorarch, installvendorbin, installvendorlib, intsize, issymlink, ivdformat, ivsize, ivtype

    k
    known_extensions, ksh

    l
    ld, lddlflags, ldflags, ldflags_uselargefiles, ldlibpthname, less, lib_ext, libc, libperl, libpth, libs, libsdirs, libsfiles, libsfound, libspath, libswanted, libswanted_uselargefiles, line, lint, lkflags, ln, lns, locincpth, loclibpth, longdblsize, longlongsize, longsize, lp, lpr, ls, lseeksize, lseektype

    m
    mail, mailx, make, make_set_make, mallocobj, mallocsrc, malloctype, man1dir, man1direxp, man1ext, man3dir, man3direxp, man3ext

    M
    Mcc, mips_type, mkdir, mmaptype, modetype, more, multiarch, mv, myarchname, mydomain, myhostname, myuname

    n
    n, need_va_copy, netdb_hlen_type, netdb_host_type, netdb_name_type, netdb_net_type, nm, nm_opt, nm_so_opt, nonxs_ext, nroff, nveformat, nvEUformat, nvfformat, nvFUformat, nvgformat, nvGUformat, nvsize, nvtype

    o
    o_nonblock, obj_ext, old_pthread_create_joinable, optimize, orderlib, osname, osvers, otherlibdirs

    p
    package, pager, passcat, patchlevel, path_sep, perl5, perl, perl_patchlevel

    P
    PERL_REVISION, PERL_SUBVERSION, PERL_VERSION, perladmin, perllibs, perlpath, pg, phostname, pidtype, plibpth, pm_apiversion, pmake, pr, prefix, prefixexp, privlib, privlibexp, procselfexe, prototype, ptrsize

    q
    quadkind, quadtype

    r
    randbits, randfunc, randseedtype, ranlib, rd_nodata, revision, rm, rmail, run, runnm

    s
    sched_yield, scriptdir, scriptdirexp, sed, seedfunc, selectminbits, selecttype, sendmail, sh, shar, sharpbang, shmattype, shortsize, shrpenv, shsharp, sig_count, sig_name, sig_name_init, sig_num, sig_num_init, sig_size, signal_t, sitearch, sitearchexp, sitebin, sitebinexp, sitelib, sitelib_stem, sitelibexp, siteprefix, siteprefixexp, sizesize, sizetype, sleep, smail, so, sockethdr, socketlib, socksizetype, sort, spackage, spitshell, sPRId64, sPRIeldbl, sPRIEUldbl, sPRIfldbl, sPRIFUldbl, sPRIgldbl, sPRIGUldbl, sPRIi64, sPRIo64, sPRIu64, sPRIx64, sPRIXU64, src, sSCNfldbl, ssizetype, startperl, startsh, static_ext, stdchar, stdio_base, stdio_bufsiz, stdio_cnt, stdio_filbuf, stdio_ptr, stdio_stream_array, strings, submit, subversion, sysman

    t
    tail, tar, targetarch, tbl, tee, test, timeincl, timetype, to, touch, tr, trnl, troff

    u
    u16size, u16type, u32size, u32type, u64size, u64type, u8size, u8type, uidformat, uidsign, uidsize, uidtype, uname, uniq, uquadtype, use5005threads, use64bitall, use64bitint, usecrosscompile, usedl, useithreads, uselargefiles, uselongdouble, usemorebits, usemultiplicity, usemymalloc, usenm, useopcode, useperlio, useposix, usereentrant, usesfio, useshrplib, usesocks, usethreads, usevendorprefix, usevfork, usrinc, uuname, uvoformat, uvsize, uvtype, uvuformat, uvxformat, uvXUformat

    v
    vendorarch, vendorarchexp, vendorbin, vendorbinexp, vendorlib, vendorlib_stem, vendorlibexp, vendorprefix, vendorprefixexp, version, version_patchlevel_string, versiononly, vi, voidflags

    x
    xlibpth, xs_apiversion

    y
    yacc, yaccflags

    z
    zcat, zip

    NOTE

    Cwd - get pathname of current working directory

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    getcwd and friends
    getcwd, cwd, fastcwd, fastgetcwd

    abs_path and friends
    abs_path, realpath, fast_abs_path

    $ENV{PWD}
    NOTES
    SEE ALSO

    DB - programmatic interface to the Perl debugging API (draft, subject to change)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Global Variables
    
     $DB::sub,  %DB::sub,  $DB::single,  $DB::signal,  $DB::trace,  @DB::args, 
    
    @DB::dbline,  %DB::dbline,  $DB::package,  $DB::filename,  $DB::subname, 
    
    $DB::lineno
    API Methods
    CLIENT->register(), CLIENT->evalcode(STRING), CLIENT->skippkg('D::hide'), CLIENT->run(), CLIENT->step(), CLIENT->next(), CLIENT->done()

    Client Callback Methods
    CLIENT->init(), CLIENT->prestop([STRING]), CLIENT->stop(), CLIENT->idle(), CLIENT->poststop([STRING]), CLIENT->evalcode(STRING), CLIENT->cleanup(), CLIENT->output(LIST)

    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    DB_File - Perl5 access to Berkeley DB version 1.x

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    DB_HASH, DB_BTREE, DB_RECNO
    Using DB_File with Berkeley DB version 2 or greater
    Interface to Berkeley DB
    Opening a Berkeley DB Database File
    Default Parameters
    In Memory Databases
    DB_HASH
    A Simple Example
    DB_BTREE
    Changing the BTREE sort order
    Handling Duplicate Keys
    The get_dup() Method
    The find_dup() Method
    The del_dup() Method
    Matching Partial Keys
    DB_RECNO
    The 'bval' Option
    A Simple Example
    Extra RECNO Methods
    $X->push(list) ;, $value = $X->pop ;, $X->shift, $X->unshift(list) ;, $X->length, $X->splice(offset, length, elements);

    Another Example
    THE API INTERFACE
    $status = $X->get($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->put($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->del($key [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->fd ;, $status = $X->seq($key, $value, $flags) ;, $status = $X->sync([$flags]) ;

    DBM FILTERS
    filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key, filter_fetch_value
    The Filter
    An Example -- the NULL termination problem.
    Another Example -- Key is a C int.
    HINTS AND TIPS
    Locking: The Trouble with fd
    Safe ways to lock a database
    Tie::DB_Lock, Tie::DB_LockFile, DB_File::Lock

    Sharing Databases With C Applications
    The untie() Gotcha
    COMMON QUESTIONS
    Why is there Perl source in my database?
    How do I store complex data structures with DB_File?
    What does ``Invalid Argument'' mean?
    What does ``Bareword 'DB_File' not allowed'' mean?
    REFERENCES
    HISTORY
    BUGS
    AVAILABILITY
    COPYRIGHT
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    Data::Dumper - stringified perl data structures, suitable for both printing and eval

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Methods
    PACKAGE->new(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Dump or PACKAGE->Dump(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Seen([HASHREF]), $OBJ->Values([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Names([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Reset

    Functions
    Dumper(LIST)

    Configuration Variables or Methods
    $Data::Dumper::Indent or $OBJ->Indent([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Purity or $OBJ->Purity([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Pad or $OBJ->Pad([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Varname or $OBJ->Varname([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Useqq or $OBJ->Useqq([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Terse or $OBJ->Terse([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Freezer or $OBJ->Freezer([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Toaster or $OBJ->Toaster([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Deepcopy or $OBJ->Deepcopy([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Quotekeys or $OBJ->Quotekeys([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Bless or $OBJ->Bless([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Maxdepth or $OBJ->Maxdepth([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Useperl or $OBJ->Useperl([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Sortkeys or $OBJ->Sortkeys([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Deparse or $OBJ->Deparse([NEWVAL])

    Exports
    Dumper

    EXAMPLES
    BUGS
    AUTHOR
    VERSION
    SEE ALSO

    Devel::DProf - a Perl code profiler

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    PROFILE FORMAT
    AUTOLOAD
    ENVIRONMENT
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO

    Devel::PPPort, Perl/Pollution/Portability

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    WriteFile
    ppport.h
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Devel::Peek - A data debugging tool for the XS programmer

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Runtime debugging
    Memory footprint debugging
    EXAMPLES
    A simple scalar string
    A simple scalar number
    A simple scalar with an extra reference
    A reference to a simple scalar
    A reference to an array
    A reference to a hash
    Dumping a large array or hash
    A reference to an SV which holds a C pointer
    A reference to a subroutine
    EXPORTS
    BUGS
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Devel::SelfStubber - generate stubs for a SelfLoading module

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    Digest:: - Modules that calculate message digests

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    binary, hex, base64

    OO INTERFACE
    $ctx = Digest->XXX($arg,...), $ctx = Digest->new(XXX => $arg,...), $ctx = Digest::XXX->new($arg,...), $ctx->reset, $ctx->add($data,...), $ctx->addfile($io_handle), $ctx->digest, $ctx->hexdigest, $ctx->b64digest

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    Digest::MD5 - Perl interface to the MD5 Algorithm

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    FUNCTIONS
    md5($data,...), md5_hex($data,...), md5_base64($data,...)

    METHODS
    $md5 = Digest::MD5->new, $md5->reset, $md5->add($data,...), $md5->addfile($io_handle), $md5->digest, $md5->hexdigest, $md5->b64digest

    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT
    AUTHORS

    DirHandle - supply object methods for directory handles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTES

    Dumpvalue - provides screen dump of Perl data.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Creation
    arrayDepth, hashDepth, compactDump, veryCompact, globPrint, dumpDBFiles, dumpPackages, dumpReused, tick, quoteHighBit, printUndef, usageOnly, unctrl, subdump, bareStringify, quoteHighBit, stopDbSignal

    Methods
    dumpValue, dumpValues, dumpvars, set_quote, set_unctrl, compactDump, veryCompact, set, get

    DynaLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    @dl_library_path, @dl_resolve_using, @dl_require_symbols, @dl_librefs, @dl_modules, dl_error(), $dl_debug, dl_findfile(), dl_expandspec(), dl_load_file(), dl_unload_file(), dl_loadflags(), dl_find_symbol(), dl_find_symbol_anywhere(), dl_undef_symbols(), dl_install_xsub(), bootstrap()

    AUTHOR

    DynaLoader::XSLoader, XSLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    Encode - character encodings

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    TERMINOLOGY
    ENCODINGS
    Characteristics of an Encoding
    Types of Encodings
    Fixed length 8-bit (or less) encodings, Fixed length 16-bit encodings, Fixed length 32-bit encodings, Multi-byte encodings, ``Escape'' encodings

    Specifying Encodings
    1. By name, 2. As an object

    Encoding Names
    The MIME name as defined in IETF RFCs, The name in the IANA registry, The name used by the organization that defined it

    PERL ENCODING API
    Generic Encoding Interface
    Handling Malformed Data
    Scheme 1, Scheme 2, Other Schemes

    UTF-8 / utf8
    Other Encodings of Unicode
    Listing available encodings
    Defining Aliases
    As a simple string, As a qr// compiled regular expression, e.g.:, As a code reference, e.g.:

    Defining Encodings
    Encoding and IO
    Encoding How to ...
    IO with mixed content (faking iso-2020-*), MIME's Content-Length:, UTF-8 strings in binary data, Perl/Encode wrappers on non-Unicode XS modules

    Messing with Perl's Internals
    is_utf8(STRING [, CHECK]), valid_utf8(STRING)

    IMPLEMENTATION CLASSES
    ->name, ->new_sequence, ->encode($string,$check), ->decode($octets,$check)
    Compiled Encodings
    .enc, .ucm, .ucm, .c, .xs, ascii and iso-8859-*, IBM-1047 and two other variants of EBCDIC, symbol and dingbats as used by Tk on X11

    SEE ALSO

    Encode::Tcl - Tcl encodings

    Encode::lib::Encode::Tcl, Encode::Tcl - Tcl encodings

    Encode::lib::EncodeFormat, EncodeFormat - the format of encoding tables of the Encode extension

    DESCRIPTION
    [1] S, [2] D, [3] M, [4] E

    KEYWORDS
    COPYRIGHT

    EncodeFormat - the format of encoding tables of the Encode extension

    DESCRIPTION
    [1] S, [2] D, [3] M, [4] E

    KEYWORDS
    COPYRIGHT

    English - use nice English (or awk) names for ugly punctuation variables

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    PERFORMANCE

    Env - perl module that imports environment variables as scalars or arrays

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    LIMITATIONS
    AUTHOR

    Errno - System errno constants

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CAVEATS
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Exporter - Implements default import method for modules

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    How to Export
    Selecting What To Export
    How to Import
    use ModuleName;, use ModuleName ();, use ModuleName qw(...);

    Advanced features
    Specialised Import Lists
    Exporting without using Exporter's import method
    Module Version Checking
    Managing Unknown Symbols
    Tag Handling Utility Functions
    Generating combined tags
    AUTOLOADed Constants

    Exporter::Heavy - Exporter guts

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    ExtUtils::Command - utilities to replace common UNIX commands in Makefiles etc.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    cat

    eqtime src dst

    rm_rf files...

    rm_f files...

    touch files ..

    mv source... destination

    cp source... destination

    chmod mode files..

    mkpath directory..

    test_f file

    BUGS
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    ExtUtils::Constant - generate XS code to import C header constants

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    USAGE
    IV, UV, NV, PV, PVN, SV, YES, NO, UNDEF

    FUNCTIONS

    C_stringify NAME

    constant_types

    memEQ_clause NAME, CHECKED_AT, INDENT

    assign INDENT, TYPE, PRE, POST, VALUE..

    return_clause

    switch_clause INDENT, NAMELEN, ITEMHASH, ITEM..

    params WHAT

    dump_names

    dogfood

    C_constant, name, type, value, macro, default, pre, post, def_pre =item def_post

    XS_constant PACKAGE, TYPES, SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

    autoload PACKAGE, VERSION, AUTOLOADER

    WriteMakefileSnippet

    WriteConstants ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...], NAME, DEFAULT_TYPE, BREAKOUT_AT, NAMES, C_FILE, XS_FILE, SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

    AUTHOR

    ExtUtils::Embed - Utilities for embedding Perl in C/C++ applications

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    @EXPORT
    FUNCTIONS
    xsinit(), Examples, ldopts(), Examples, perl_inc(), ccflags(), ccdlflags(), ccopts(), xsi_header(), xsi_protos(@modules), xsi_body(@modules)

    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    ExtUtils::Install - install files from here to there

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    ExtUtils::Installed - Inventory management of installed modules

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    USAGE
    FUNCTIONS
    new(), modules(), files(), directories(), directory_tree(), validate(), packlist(), version()

    EXAMPLE
    AUTHOR

    ExtUtils::Liblist - determine libraries to use and how to use them

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    For static extensions, For dynamic extensions, For dynamic extensions
    EXTRALIBS
    LDLOADLIBS and LD_RUN_PATH
    BSLOADLIBS
    PORTABILITY
    VMS implementation
    Win32 implementation
    SEE ALSO

    ExtUtils::MM_BeOS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    perl_archive

    ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    canonpath, cflags, manifypods, perl_archive

    ExtUtils::MM_NW5 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    catfile

    constants (o)

    static_lib (o)

    dynamic_bs (o)

    dynamic_lib (o)

    canonpath

    perl_script

    pm_to_blib

    test_via_harness (o)

    tool_autosplit (override)

    tools_other (o)

    xs_o (o)

    top_targets (o)

    htmlifypods (o)

    manifypods (o)

    dist_ci (o)

    dist_core (o)

    pasthru (o)

    ExtUtils::MM_OS2 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS

    perl_archive_after

    ExtUtils::MM_Unix - methods used by ExtUtils::MakeMaker

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    Preloaded methods
    canonpath

    catdir

    catfile

    curdir

    rootdir

    updir

    SelfLoaded methods
    c_o (o)

    cflags (o)

    clean (o)

    const_cccmd (o)

    const_config (o)

    const_loadlibs (o)

    constants (o)

    depend (o)

    dir_target (o)

    dist (o)

    dist_basics (o)

    dist_ci (o)

    dist_core (o)

    dist_dir (o)

    dist_test (o)

    dlsyms (o)

    dynamic (o)

    dynamic_bs (o)

    dynamic_lib (o)

    exescan

    extliblist

    file_name_is_absolute

    find_perl

    Methods to actually produce chunks of text for the Makefile
    fixin

    force (o)

    guess_name

    has_link_code

    htmlifypods (o)

    init_dirscan

    init_main

    init_others

    install (o)

    installbin (o)

    libscan (o)

    linkext (o)

    lsdir

    macro (o)

    makeaperl (o)

    makefile (o)

    manifypods (o)

    maybe_command

    maybe_command_in_dirs

    needs_linking (o)

    nicetext

    parse_version

    parse_abstract

    pasthru (o)

    path

    perl_script

    perldepend (o)

    ppd

    perm_rw (o)

    perm_rwx (o)

    pm_to_blib

    post_constants (o)

    post_initialize (o)

    postamble (o)

    prefixify

    processPL (o)

    quote_paren

    realclean (o)

    replace_manpage_separator

    static (o)

    static_lib (o)

    staticmake (o)

    subdir_x (o)

    subdirs (o)

    test (o)

    test_via_harness (o)

    test_via_script (o)

    tool_autosplit (o)

    tools_other (o)

    tool_xsubpp (o)

    top_targets (o)

    writedoc

    xs_c (o)

    xs_cpp (o)

    xs_o (o)

    perl_archive

    perl_archive_after

    export_list

    SEE ALSO

    ExtUtils::MM_VMS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Methods always loaded
    wraplist

    rootdir (override)

    SelfLoaded methods
    guess_name (override)

    find_perl (override)

    path (override)

    maybe_command (override)

    maybe_command_in_dirs (override)

    perl_script (override)

    file_name_is_absolute (override)

    replace_manpage_separator

    init_others (override)

    constants (override)

    cflags (override)

    const_cccmd (override)

    pm_to_blib (override)

    tool_autosplit (override)

    tool_sxubpp (override)

    xsubpp_version (override)

    tools_other (override)

    dist (override)

    c_o (override)

    xs_c (override)

    xs_o (override)

    top_targets (override)

    dlsyms (override)

    dynamic_lib (override)

    dynamic_bs (override)

    static_lib (override)

    manifypods (override)

    processPL (override)

    installbin (override)

    subdir_x (override)

    clean (override)

    realclean (override)

    dist_basics (override)

    dist_core (override)

    dist_dir (override)

    dist_test (override)

    install (override)

    perldepend (override)

    makefile (override)

    test (override)

    test_via_harness (override)

    test_via_script (override)

    makeaperl (override)

    nicetext (override)

    ExtUtils::MM_Win32 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    catfile

    constants (o)

    static_lib (o)

    dynamic_bs (o)

    dynamic_lib (o)

    canonpath

    perl_script

    pm_to_blib

    test_via_harness (o)

    tool_autosplit (override)

    tools_other (o)

    xs_o (o)

    top_targets (o)

    htmlifypods (o)

    manifypods (o)

    dist_ci (o)

    dist_core (o)

    pasthru (o)

    ExtUtils::MakeMaker - create an extension Makefile

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    How To Write A Makefile.PL
    Default Makefile Behaviour
    make test
    make testdb
    make install
    PREFIX and LIB attribute
    AFS users
    Static Linking of a new Perl Binary
    Determination of Perl Library and Installation Locations
    Which architecture dependent directory?
    Using Attributes and Parameters
    ABSTRACT, ABSTRACT_FROM, AUTHOR, BINARY_LOCATION, C, CCFLAGS, CONFIG, CONFIGURE, DEFINE, DIR, DISTNAME, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, EXCLUDE_EXT, EXE_FILES, FIRST_MAKEFILE, FULLPERL, FUNCLIST, H, HTMLLIBPODS, HTMLSCRIPTPODS, IMPORTS, INC, INCLUDE_EXT, INSTALLARCHLIB, INSTALLBIN, INSTALLDIRS, INSTALLHTMLPRIVLIBDIR, INSTALLHTMLSCRIPTDIR, INSTALLHTMLSITELIBDIR, INSTALLMAN1DIR, INSTALLMAN3DIR, INSTALLPRIVLIB, INSTALLSCRIPT, INSTALLSITEARCH, INSTALLSITELIB, INST_ARCHLIB, INST_BIN, INST_EXE, INST_HTMLLIBDIR, INST_HTMLSCRIPTDIR, INST_LIB, INST_MAN1DIR, INST_MAN3DIR, INST_SCRIPT, LDFROM, LIB, LIBPERL_A, LIBS, LINKTYPE, MAKEAPERL, MAKEFILE, MAN1PODS, MAN3PODS, MAP_TARGET, MYEXTLIB, NAME, NEEDS_LINKING, NOECHO, NORECURS, NO_VC, OBJECT, OPTIMIZE, PERL, PERL_CORE, PERLMAINCC, PERL_ARCHLIB, PERL_LIB, PERL_MALLOC_OK, PERLRUN, PERM_RW, PERM_RWX, PL_FILES, PM, PMLIBDIRS, PM_FILTER, POLLUTE, PPM_INSTALL_EXEC, PPM_INSTALL_SCRIPT, PREFIX, PREREQ_PM, PREREQ_FATAL, PREREQ_PRINT, PRINT_PREREQ, SKIP, TEST_LIBS, VERSION, VERSION_FROM, XS, XSOPT, XSPROTOARG, XS_VERSION

    Additional lowercase attributes
    clean, depend, dist, dynamic_lib, linkext, macro, realclean, test, tool_autosplit

    Overriding MakeMaker Methods
    Hintsfile support
    Distribution Support
    
       make distcheck,    make skipcheck,    make distclean,    make manifest, 
    
      make distdir,    make tardist,    make dist,    make uutardist,    make
    
    shdist,    make zipdist,    make ci
    Disabling an extension
    ENVIRONMENT
    PERL_MM_OPT, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS

    ExtUtils::Manifest - utilities to write and check a MANIFEST file

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    MANIFEST.SKIP
    EXPORT_OK
    GLOBAL VARIABLES
    DIAGNOSTICS
    Not in MANIFEST: file, No such file: file, MANIFEST: $!, Added to MANIFEST: file

    ENVIRONMENT
    PERL_MM_MANIFEST_DEBUG

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    ExtUtils::Miniperl, writemain - write the C code for perlmain.c

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SEE ALSO

    ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap - make a bootstrap file for use by DynaLoader

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    ExtUtils::Mksymlists - write linker options files for dynamic extension

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    DLBASE, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, FILE, FUNCLIST, IMPORTS, NAME

    AUTHOR
    REVISION

    ExtUtils::Packlist - manage .packlist files

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    USAGE
    FUNCTIONS
    new(), read(), write(), validate(), packlist_file()

    EXAMPLE
    AUTHOR

    ExtUtils::testlib - add blib/* directories to @INC

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    Fatal - replace functions with equivalents which succeed or die

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    Fcntl - load the C Fcntl.h defines

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTE
    EXPORTED SYMBOLS

    File::Basename, fileparse - split a pathname into pieces

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    fileparse_set_fstype, fileparse

    EXAMPLES
    basename, dirname

    File::CheckTree, validate - run many filetest checks on a tree

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    File::Compare - Compare files or filehandles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN
    AUTHOR

    File::Copy - Copy files or filehandles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Special behaviour if syscopy is defined (OS/2, VMS and Win32)
    rmscopy($from,$to[,$date_flag])

    RETURN
    NOTES
    AUTHOR

    File::DosGlob - DOS like globbing and then some

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTES
    EXPORTS (by request only)
    BUGS
    AUTHOR
    HISTORY
    SEE ALSO

    File::Find - Traverse a directory tree.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    find, finddepth
    %options
    wanted, bydepth, preprocess, postprocess, follow, follow_fast, follow_skip, dangling_symlinks, no_chdir, untaint, untaint_pattern, untaint_skip

    The wanted function
    $File::Find::dir is the current directory name,, $_ is the current filename within that directory, $File::Find::name is the complete pathname to the file

    WARNINGS
    CAVEAT
    $dont_use_nlink, symlinks

    NOTES
    HISTORY

    File::Glob - Perl extension for BSD glob routine

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    GLOB_ERR, GLOB_LIMIT, GLOB_MARK, GLOB_NOCASE, GLOB_NOCHECK, GLOB_NOSORT, GLOB_BRACE, GLOB_NOMAGIC, GLOB_QUOTE, GLOB_TILDE, GLOB_CSH, GLOB_ALPHASORT

    DIAGNOSTICS
    GLOB_NOSPACE, GLOB_ABEND

    NOTES
    AUTHOR

    File::Path - create or remove directory trees

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHORS

    File::Spec - portably perform operations on file names

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    canonpath, catdir, catfile, curdir, devnull, rootdir, tmpdir, updir, no_upwards, case_tolerant, file_name_is_absolute, path, join, splitpath, splitdir, catpath(), abs2rel, rel2abs()

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS

    File::Spec::Cygwin - methods for Cygwin file specs

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    File::Spec::Epoc - methods for Epoc file specs

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    devnull

    tmpdir

    path

    canonpath()

    splitpath

    splitdir

    catpath

    abs2rel

    rel2abs()

    SEE ALSO

    File::Spec::Functions - portably perform operations on file names

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Exports
    SEE ALSO

    File::Spec::Mac - File::Spec for Mac OS (Classic)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    canonpath

    catdir()

    catfile

    curdir

    devnull

    rootdir

    tmpdir

    updir

    file_name_is_absolute

    path

    splitpath

    splitdir

    catpath

    abs2rel

    rel2abs

    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO

    canonpath

    splitpath

    splitdir

    catpath

    File::Spec::OS2 - methods for OS/2 file specs

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    File::Spec::Unix - File::Spec for Unix, base for other File::Spec modules

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    canonpath()

    catdir()

    catfile

    curdir

    devnull

    rootdir

    tmpdir

    updir

    no_upwards

    case_tolerant

    file_name_is_absolute

    path

    join

    splitpath

    splitdir

    catpath()

    abs2rel

    rel2abs()

    SEE ALSO

    File::Spec::VMS - methods for VMS file specs

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    eliminate_macros

    fixpath

    Methods always loaded
    canonpath (override)

    catdir

    catfile

    curdir (override)

    devnull (override)

    rootdir (override)

    tmpdir (override)

    updir (override)

    case_tolerant (override)

    path (override)

    file_name_is_absolute (override)

    splitpath (override)

    splitdir (override)

    catpath (override)

    abs2rel (override)

    rel2abs (override)

    SEE ALSO

    File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    devnull

    tmpdir

    catfile

    canonpath

    splitpath

    splitdir

    catpath

    SEE ALSO

    File::Temp - return name and handle of a temporary file safely

    PORTABILITY
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    FUNCTIONS
    tempfile

    tempdir

    MKTEMP FUNCTIONS
    mkstemp

    mkstemps

    mkdtemp

    mktemp

    POSIX FUNCTIONS
    tmpnam

    tmpfile

    ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS
    tempnam

    UTILITY FUNCTIONS
    unlink0

    PACKAGE VARIABLES
    safe_level, STANDARD, MEDIUM, HIGH

    TopSystemUID

    WARNING
    Temporary files and NFS
    HISTORY
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    File::stat - by-name interface to Perl's built-in stat() functions

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTE
    AUTHOR

    FileCache - keep more files open than the system permits

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    BUGS

    FileHandle - supply object methods for filehandles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    $fh->print, $fh->printf, $fh->getline, $fh->getlines

    SEE ALSO

    Filter::Simple - Simplified source filtering

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    The Problem
    A Solution
    Disabling or changing <no> behaviour
    All-in-one interface
    Filtering only specific components of source code
    "code", "executable", "quotelike", "string", "regex", "all"

    Filtering only the code parts of source code
    Most source code ceases to be grammatically correct when it is broken up into the pieces between string literals and regexes. So the 'code' component filter behaves slightly differently from the other partial filters described in the previous section.

    Using Filter::Simple with an explicit import subroutine
    Using Filter::Simple and Exporter together
    How it works
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Filter::Util::Call - Perl Source Filter Utility Module

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    use Filter::Util::Call
    import()
    filter() and anonymous sub
    $_, $status, filter_read and filter_read_exact, filter_del

    EXAMPLES
    Example 1: A simple filter.
    Example 2: Using the context
    Example 3: Using the context within the filter
    Example 4: Using filter_del
    Filter::Simple
    AUTHOR
    DATE

    FindBin - Locate directory of original perl script

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXPORTABLE VARIABLES
    KNOWN ISSUES
    KNOWN BUGS
    AUTHORS
    COPYRIGHT

    GDBM_File - Perl5 access to the gdbm library.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AVAILABILITY
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO

    Getopt::Long - Extended processing of command line options

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Command Line Options, an Introduction
    Getting Started with Getopt::Long
    Simple options
    A little bit less simple options
    Mixing command line option with other arguments
    Options with values
    Options with multiple values
    Options with hash values
    User-defined subroutines to handle options
    Options with multiple names
    Case and abbreviations
    Summary of Option Specifications
    !, +, s, i, o, f, : type [ desttype ], : number [ desttype ], : + [ desttype ]

    Advanced Possibilities
    Object oriented interface
    Documentation and help texts
    Storing options in a hash
    Bundling
    The lonesome dash
    Argument callback
    Configuring Getopt::Long
    default, posix_default, auto_abbrev, getopt_compat, gnu_compat, gnu_getopt, require_order, permute, bundling (default: disabled), bundling_override (default: disabled), ignore_case (default: enabled), ignore_case_always (default: disabled), pass_through (default: disabled), prefix, prefix_pattern, debug (default: disabled)

    Return values and Errors
    Legacy
    Default destinations
    Alternative option starters
    Configuration variables
    Trouble Shooting
    Warning: Ignoring '!' modifier for short option
    GetOptions does not return a false result when an option is not supplied
    GetOptions does not split the command line correctly
    How do I put a ``-?'' option into a Getopt::Long?
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER

    Getopt::Std, getopt - Process single-character switches with switch clustering

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    I18N::Collate - compare 8-bit scalar data according to the current locale

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    I18N::LangTags - functions for dealing with RFC3066-style language tags

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    the function is_language_tag($lang1)

    the function extract_language_tags($whatever)

    the function same_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

    the function similarity_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

    the function is_dialect_of($lang1, $lang2)

    the function super_languages($lang1)

    the function locale2language_tag($locale_identifier)

    the function encode_language_tag($lang1)

    the function alternate_language_tags($lang1)

    the function @langs = panic_languages(@accept_languages)

    ABOUT LOWERCASING
    ABOUT UNICODE PLAINTEXT LANGUAGE TAGS
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT
    AUTHOR

    I18N::LangTags::List -- tags and names for human languages

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    ABOUT LANGUAGE TAGS
    LIST OF LANGUAGES
    {ab} : Abkhazian, {ace} : Achinese, {ach} : Acoli, {ada} : Adangme, {aa} : Afar, {afh} : Afrihili, {af} : Afrikaans, [{afa} : Afro-Asiatic (Other)], {aka} : Akan, {akk} : Akkadian, {sq} : Albanian, {ale} : Aleut, [{alg} : Algonquian languages], [{tut} : Altaic (Other)], {am} : Amharic, {i-ami} : Ami, [{apa} : Apache languages], {ar} : Arabic, {arc} : Aramaic, {arp} : Arapaho, {arn} : Araucanian, {arw} : Arawak, {hy} : Armenian, [{art} : Artificial (Other)], {as} : Assamese, [{ath} : Athapascan languages], [{aus} : Australian languages], [{map} : Austronesian (Other)], {ava} : Avaric, {ae} : Avestan, {awa} : Awadhi, {ay} : Aymara, {az} : Azerbaijani, {ban} : Balinese, [{bat} : Baltic (Other)], {bal} : Baluchi, {bam} : Bambara, [{bai} : Bamileke languages], {bad} : Banda, [{bnt} : Bantu (Other)], {bas} : Basa, {ba} : Bashkir, {eu} : Basque, {btk} : Batak (Indonesia), {bej} : Beja, {be} : Belarusian, {bem} : Bemba, {bn} : Bengali, [{ber} : Berber (Other)], {bho} : Bhojpuri, {bh} : Bihari, {bik} : Bikol, {bin} : Bini, {bi} : Bislama, {bs} : Bosnian, {bra} : Braj, {br} : Breton, {bug} : Buginese, {bg} : Bulgarian, {i-bnn} : Bunun, {bua} : Buriat, {my} : Burmese, {cad} : Caddo, {car} : Carib, {ca} : Catalan, [{cau} : Caucasian (Other)], {ceb} : Cebuano, [{cel} : Celtic (Other)], [{cai} : Central American Indian (Other)], {chg} : Chagatai, [{cmc} : Chamic languages], {ch} : Chamorro, {ce} : Chechen, {chr} : Cherokee, {chy} : Cheyenne, {chb} : Chibcha, {ny} : Chichewa, {zh} : Chinese, {chn} : Chinook Jargon, {chp} : Chipewyan, {cho} : Choctaw, {cu} : Church Slavic, {chk} : Chuukese, {cv} : Chuvash, {cop} : Coptic, {kw} : Cornish, {co} : Corsican, {cre} : Cree, {mus} : Creek, [{cpe} : English-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpf} : French-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpp} : Portuguese-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{crp} : Creoles and pidgins (Other)], {hr} : Croatian, [{cus} : Cushitic (Other)], {cs} : Czech, {dak} : Dakota, {da} : Danish, {day} : Dayak, {i-default} : Default (Fallthru) Language, {del} : Delaware, {din} : Dinka, {div} : Divehi, {doi} : Dogri, {dgr} : Dogrib, [{dra} : Dravidian (Other)], {dua} : Duala, {nl} : Dutch, {dum} : Middle Dutch (ca.1050-1350), {dyu} : Dyula, {dz} : Dzongkha, {efi} : Efik, {egy} : Ancient Egyptian, {eka} : Ekajuk, {elx} : Elamite, {en} : English, {enm} : Old English (1100-1500), {ang} : Old English (ca.450-1100), {eo} : Esperanto, {et} : Estonian, {ewe} : Ewe, {ewo} : Ewondo, {fan} : Fang, {fat} : Fanti, {fo} : Faroese, {fj} : Fijian, {fi} : Finnish, [{fiu} : Finno-Ugrian (Other)], {fon} : Fon, {fr} : French, {frm} : Middle French (ca.1400-1600), {fro} : Old French (842-ca.1400), {fy} : Frisian, {fur} : Friulian, {ful} : Fulah, {gaa} : Ga, {gd} : Scots Gaelic, {gl} : Gallegan, {lug} : Ganda, {gay} : Gayo, {gba} : Gbaya, {gez} : Geez, {ka} : Georgian, {de} : German, {gmh} : Middle High German (ca.1050-1500), {goh} : Old High German (ca.750-1050), [{gem} : Germanic (Other)], {gil} : Gilbertese, {gon} : Gondi, {gor} : Gorontalo, {got} : Gothic, {grb} : Grebo, {grc} : Ancient Greek, {el} : Modern Greek, {gn} : Guarani, {gu} : Gujarati, {gwi} : Gwich'in, {hai} : Haida, {ha} : Hausa, {haw} : Hawaiian, {he} : Hebrew, {hz} : Herero, {hil} : Hiligaynon, {him} : Himachali, {hi} : Hindi, {ho} : Hiri Motu, {hit} : Hittite, {hmn} : Hmong, {hu} : Hungarian, {hup} : Hupa, {iba} : Iban, {is} : Icelandic, {ibo} : Igbo, {ijo} : Ijo, {ilo} : Iloko, [{inc} : Indic (Other)], [{ine} : Indo-European (Other)], {id} : Indonesian, {ia} : Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association), {ie} : Interlingue, {iu} : Inuktitut, {ik} : Inupiaq, [{ira} : Iranian (Other)], {ga} : Irish, {mga} : Middle Irish (900-1200), {sga} : Old Irish (to 900), [{iro} : Iroquoian languages], {it} : Italian, {ja} : Japanese, {jw} : Javanese, {jrb} : Judeo-Arabic, {jpr} : Judeo-Persian, {kab} : Kabyle, {kac} : Kachin, {kl} : Kalaallisut, {kam} : Kamba, {kn} : Kannada, {kau} : Kanuri, {kaa} : Kara-Kalpak, {kar} : Karen, {ks} : Kashmiri, {kaw} : Kawi, {kk} : Kazakh, {kha} : Khasi, {km} : Khmer, [{khi} : Khoisan (Other)], {kho} : Khotanese, {ki} : Kikuyu, {kmb} : Kimbundu, {rw} : Kinyarwanda, {ky} : Kirghiz, {i-klingon} : Klingon, {kv} : Komi, {kon} : Kongo, {kok} : Konkani, {ko} : Korean, {kos} : Kosraean, {kpe} : Kpelle, {kro} : Kru, {kj} : Kuanyama, {kum} : Kumyk, {ku} : Kurdish, {kru} : Kurukh, {kut} : Kutenai, {lad} : Ladino, {lah} : Lahnda, {lam} : Lamba, {lo} : Lao, {la} : Latin, {lv} : Latvian, {lb} : Letzeburgesch, {lez} : Lezghian, {ln} : Lingala, {lt} : Lithuanian, {nds} : Low German, {loz} : Lozi, {lub} : Luba-Katanga, {lua} : Luba-Lulua, {lui} : Luiseno, {lun} : Lunda, {luo} : Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), {lus} : Lushai, {mk} : Macedonian, {mad} : Madurese, {mag} : Magahi, {mai} : Maithili, {mak} : Makasar, {mg} : Malagasy, {ms} : Malay, {ml} : Malayalam, {mt} : Maltese, {mnc} : Manchu, {mdr} : Mandar, {man} : Mandingo, {mni} : Manipuri, [{mno} : Manobo languages], {gv} : Manx, {mi} : Maori, {mr} : Marathi, {chm} : Mari, {mh} : Marshall, {mwr} : Marwari, {mas} : Masai, [{myn} : Mayan languages], {men} : Mende, {mic} : Micmac, {min} : Minangkabau, {i-mingo} : Mingo, [{mis} : Miscellaneous languages], {moh} : Mohawk, {mo} : Moldavian, [{mkh} : Mon-Khmer (Other)], {lol} : Mongo, {mn} : Mongolian, {mos} : Mossi, [{mul} : Multiple languages], [{mun} : Munda languages], {nah} : Nahuatl, {na} : Nauru, {nv} : Navajo, {nd} : North Ndebele, {nr} : South Ndebele, {ng} : Ndonga, {ne} : Nepali, {new} : Newari, {nia} : Nias, [{nic} : Niger-Kordofanian (Other)], [{ssa} : Nilo-Saharan (Other)], {niu} : Niuean, {non} : Old Norse, [{nai} : North American Indian], {se} : Northern Sami, {no} : Norwegian, {nb} : Norwegian Bokmal, {nn} : Norwegian Nynorsk, [{nub} : Nubian languages], {nym} : Nyamwezi, {nyn} : Nyankole, {nyo} : Nyoro, {nzi} : Nzima, {oc} : Occitan (post 1500), {oji} : Ojibwa, {or} : Oriya, {om} : Oromo, {osa} : Osage, {os} : Ossetian; Ossetic, [{oto} : Otomian languages], {pal} : Pahlavi, {i-pwn} : Paiwan, {pau} : Palauan, {pi} : Pali, {pam} : Pampanga, {pag} : Pangasinan, {pa} : Panjabi, {pap} : Papiamento, [{paa} : Papuan (Other)], {fa} : Persian, {peo} : Old Persian (ca.600-400 B.C.), [{phi} : Philippine (Other)], {phn} : Phoenician, {pon} : Pohnpeian, {pl} : Polish, {pt} : Portuguese, [{pra} : Prakrit languages], {pro} : Old Provencal (to 1500), {ps} : Pushto, {qu} : Quechua, {rm} : Raeto-Romance, {raj} : Rajasthani, {rap} : Rapanui, {rar} : Rarotongan, [{qaa - qtz} : Reserved for local use.], [{roa} : Romance (Other)], {ro} : Romanian, {rom} : Romany, {rn} : Rundi, {ru} : Russian, [{sal} : Salishan languages], {sam} : Samaritan Aramaic, [{smi} : Sami languages (Other)], {sm} : Samoan, {sad} : Sandawe, {sg} : Sango, {sa} : Sanskrit, {sat} : Santali, {sc} : Sardinian, {sas} : Sasak, {sco} : Scots, {sel} : Selkup, [{sem} : Semitic (Other)], {sr} : Serbian, {srr} : Serer, {shn} : Shan, {sn} : Shona, {sid} : Sidamo, {sgn-...} : Sign Languages, {bla} : Siksika, {sd} : Sindhi, {si} : Sinhalese, [{sit} : Sino-Tibetan (Other)], [{sio} : Siouan languages], {den} : Slave (Athapascan), [{sla} : Slavic (Other)], {sk} : Slovak, {sl} : Slovenian, {sog} : Sogdian, {so} : Somali, {son} : Songhai, {snk} : Soninke, {wen} : Sorbian languages, {nso} : Northern Sotho, {st} : Southern Sotho, [{sai} : South American Indian (Other)], {es} : Spanish, {suk} : Sukuma, {sux} : Sumerian, {su} : Sundanese, {sus} : Susu, {sw} : Swahili, {ss} : Swati, {sv} : Swedish, {syr} : Syriac, {tl} : Tagalog, {ty} : Tahitian, [{tai} : Tai (Other)], {tg} : Tajik, {tmh} : Tamashek, {ta} : Tamil, {i-tao} : Tao, {tt} : Tatar, {i-tay} : Tayal, {te} : Telugu, {ter} : Tereno, {tet} : Tetum, {th} : Thai, {bo} : Tibetan, {tig} : Tigre, {ti} : Tigrinya, {tem} : Timne, {tiv} : Tiv, {tli} : Tlingit, {tpi} : Tok Pisin, {tkl} : Tokelau, {tog} : Tonga (Nyasa), {to} : Tonga (Tonga Islands), {tsi} : Tsimshian, {ts} : Tsonga, {i-tsu} : Tsou, {tn} : Tswana, {tum} : Tumbuka, {tr} : Turkish, {ota} : Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928), {tk} : Turkmen, {tvl} : Tuvalu, {tyv} : Tuvinian, {tw} : Twi, {uga} : Ugaritic, {ug} : Uighur, {uk} : Ukrainian, {umb} : Umbundu, {und} : Undetermined, {ur} : Urdu, {uz} : Uzbek, {vai} : Vai, {ven} : Venda, {vi} : Vietnamese, {vo} : Volapuk, {vot} : Votic, [{wak} : Wakashan languages], {wal} : Walamo, {war} : Waray, {was} : Washo, {cy} : Welsh, {wo} : Wolof, {x-...} : Unregistered (Semi-Private Use), {xh} : Xhosa, {sah} : Yakut, {yao} : Yao, {yap} : Yapese, {yi} : Yiddish, {yo} : Yoruba, [{ypk} : Yupik languages], {znd} : Zande, [{zap} : Zapotec], {zen} : Zenaga, {za} : Zhuang, {zu} : Zulu, {zun} : Zuni

    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
    AUTHOR

    I18N::Langinfo - query locale information

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXPORT
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

    IO - load various IO modules

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    IO::Dir - supply object methods for directory handles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    new ( [ DIRNAME ] ), open ( DIRNAME ), read (), seek ( POS ), tell (), rewind (), close (), tie %hash, IO::Dir, DIRNAME [, OPTIONS ]

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::File - supply object methods for filehandles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), new_tmpfile

    METHODS
    open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] )

    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    IO::Handle - supply object methods for I/O handles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )

    METHODS
    $io->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $io->opened, $io->getline, $io->getlines, $io->ungetc ( ORD ), $io->write ( BUF, LEN [, OFFSET ] ), $io->error, $io->clearerr, $io->sync, $io->flush, $io->printflush ( ARGS ), $io->blocking ( [ BOOL ] ), $io->untaint

    NOTE
    SEE ALSO
    BUGS
    HISTORY

    IO::Pipe - supply object methods for pipes

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [READER, WRITER] )

    METHODS
    reader ([ARGS]), writer ([ARGS]), handles ()

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::Poll - Object interface to system poll call

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] ), poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), events ( IO ), remove ( IO ), handles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::Seekable - supply seek based methods for I/O objects

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    $io->getpos, $io->setpos, $io->seek ( POS, WHENCE ), WHENCE=0 (SEEK_SET), WHENCE=1 (SEEK_CUR), WHENCE=2 (SEEK_END), $io->sysseek( POS, WHENCE ), $io->tell

    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    IO::Select - OO interface to the select system call

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ HANDLES ] )

    METHODS
    add ( HANDLES ), remove ( HANDLES ), exists ( HANDLE ), handles, can_read ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), can_write ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), has_exception ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), count (), bits(), select ( READ, WRITE, ERROR [, TIMEOUT ] )

    EXAMPLE
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::Socket - Object interface to socket communications

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ARGS] )

    METHODS
    accept([PKG]), socketpair(DOMAIN, TYPE, PROTOCOL), atmark, connected, protocol, sockdomain, sockopt(OPT [, VAL]), socktype, timeout([VAL])

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::Socket::INET - Object interface for AF_INET domain sockets

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ARGS] )
    METHODS
    sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (), peerport (), peerhost ()

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::Socket::UNIX - Object interface for AF_UNIX domain sockets

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ARGS] )

    METHODS
    hostpath(), peerpath()

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::lib::IO::Dir, IO::Dir - supply object methods for directory handles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    new ( [ DIRNAME ] ), open ( DIRNAME ), read (), seek ( POS ), tell (), rewind (), close (), tie %hash, IO::Dir, DIRNAME [, OPTIONS ]

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::lib::IO::File, IO::File - supply object methods for filehandles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), new_tmpfile

    METHODS
    open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] )

    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    IO::lib::IO::Handle, IO::Handle - supply object methods for I/O handles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )

    METHODS
    $io->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $io->opened, $io->getline, $io->getlines, $io->ungetc ( ORD ), $io->write ( BUF, LEN [, OFFSET ] ), $io->error, $io->clearerr, $io->sync, $io->flush, $io->printflush ( ARGS ), $io->blocking ( [ BOOL ] ), $io->untaint

    NOTE
    SEE ALSO
    BUGS
    HISTORY

    IO::lib::IO::Pipe, IO::Pipe - supply object methods for pipes

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [READER, WRITER] )

    METHODS
    reader ([ARGS]), writer ([ARGS]), handles ()

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::lib::IO::Poll, IO::Poll - Object interface to system poll call

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] ), poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), events ( IO ), remove ( IO ), handles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::lib::IO::Seekable, IO::Seekable - supply seek based methods for I/O objects

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    $io->getpos, $io->setpos, $io->seek ( POS, WHENCE ), WHENCE=0 (SEEK_SET), WHENCE=1 (SEEK_CUR), WHENCE=2 (SEEK_END), $io->sysseek( POS, WHENCE ), $io->tell

    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY

    IO::lib::IO::Select, IO::Select - OO interface to the select system call

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ HANDLES ] )

    METHODS
    add ( HANDLES ), remove ( HANDLES ), exists ( HANDLE ), handles, can_read ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), can_write ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), has_exception ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), count (), bits(), select ( READ, WRITE, ERROR [, TIMEOUT ] )

    EXAMPLE
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::lib::IO::Socket, IO::Socket - Object interface to socket communications

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ARGS] )

    METHODS
    accept([PKG]), socketpair(DOMAIN, TYPE, PROTOCOL), atmark, connected, protocol, sockdomain, sockopt(OPT [, VAL]), socktype, timeout([VAL])

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::lib::IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::INET - Object interface for AF_INET domain sockets

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ARGS] )
    METHODS
    sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (), peerport (), peerhost ()

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IO::lib::IO::Socket::UNIX, IO::Socket::UNIX - Object interface for AF_UNIX domain sockets

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ARGS] )

    METHODS
    hostpath(), peerpath()

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IPC::Msg - SysV Msg IPC object class

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    new ( KEY , FLAGS ), id, rcv ( BUF, LEN [, TYPE [, FLAGS ]] ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IPC::Open2, open2 - open a process for both reading and writing

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    WARNING
    SEE ALSO

    IPC::Open3, open3 - open a process for reading, writing, and error handling

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    WARNING

    IPC::Semaphore - SysV Semaphore IPC object class

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ), getpid ( SEM ), getval ( SEM ), getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op ( OPLIST ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), setall ( VALUES ), setval ( N , VALUE ), stat

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IPC::SysV - SysV IPC constants

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    ftok( PATH, ID )

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS
    COPYRIGHT

    IPC::SysV::Msg, IPC::Msg - SysV Msg IPC object class

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    new ( KEY , FLAGS ), id, rcv ( BUF, LEN [, TYPE [, FLAGS ]] ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    IPC::SysV::Semaphore, IPC::Semaphore - SysV Semaphore IPC object class

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ), getpid ( SEM ), getval ( SEM ), getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op ( OPLIST ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), setall ( VALUES ), setval ( N , VALUE ), stat

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    List::Util - A selection of general-utility list subroutines

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    first BLOCK LIST, max LIST, maxstr LIST, min LIST, minstr LIST, reduce BLOCK LIST, shuffle LIST, sum LIST

    KNOWN BUGS
    SUGGESTED ADDITIONS
    COPYRIGHT

    List::Utilib::List::Util, List::Util - A selection of general-utility list subroutines

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    first BLOCK LIST, max LIST, maxstr LIST, min LIST, minstr LIST, reduce BLOCK LIST, shuffle LIST, sum LIST

    KNOWN BUGS
    SUGGESTED ADDITIONS
    COPYRIGHT

    List::Utilib::Scalar::Util, Scalar::Util - A selection of general-utility scalar subroutines

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    blessed EXPR, dualvar NUM, STRING, isweak EXPR, readonly SCALAR, reftype EXPR, tainted EXPR, weaken REF

    KNOWN BUGS
    COPYRIGHT
    BLATANT PLUG

    Locale::Constants - constants for Locale codes

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
    SEE ALSO
    Locale::Language, Locale::Country, Locale::Script, Locale::Currency

    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Locale::Country - ISO codes for country identification (ISO 3166)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    alpha-2, alpha-3, numeric

    CONVERSION ROUTINES
    code2country( CODE, [ CODESET ] ), country2code( STRING, [ CODESET ] ), country_code2code( CODE, CODESET, CODESET )

    QUERY ROUTINES
    all_country_codes( [ CODESET ] ), all_country_names( [ CODESET ] )

    CODE ALIASING
    EXAMPLES
    DOMAIN NAMES
    KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
    SEE ALSO
    Locale::Language, Locale::Script, Locale::Currency, ISO 3166, http://www.din.de/gremien/nas/nabd/iso3166ma/, http://www.egt.ie/standards/iso3166/iso3166-1-en.html, http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/docs/app-f.html

    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Locale::Currency - ISO three letter codes for currency identification (ISO 4217)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    XTS, XXX

    CONVERSION ROUTINES
    code2currency(), currency2code()

    QUERY ROUTINES
    all_currency_codes(), all_currency_names()

    EXAMPLES
    KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
    SEE ALSO
    Locale::Country, Locale::Script, ISO 4217:1995, http://www.bsi-global.com/iso4217currency

    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Locale::Language - ISO two letter codes for language identification (ISO 639)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONVERSION ROUTINES
    code2language(), language2code()

    QUERY ROUTINES
    all_language_codes(), all_language_names()

    EXAMPLES
    KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
    SEE ALSO
    Locale::Country, Locale::Script, Locale::Currency, ISO 639:1988 (E/F), http://lcweb.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/langhome.html

    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Locale::Maketext -- framework for localization

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    QUICK OVERVIEW
    METHODS
    Construction Methods
    The ``maketext'' Method
    $lh->fail_with or $lh->fail_with(PARAM), $lh->failure_handler_auto

    Utility Methods
    $language->quant($number, $singular), $language->quant($number, $singular, $plural), $language->quant($number, $singular, $plural, $negative), $language->numf($number), $language->sprintf($format, @items), $language->language_tag(), $language->encoding()

    Language Handle Attributes and Internals
    LANGUAGE CLASS HIERARCHIES
    ENTRIES IN EACH LEXICON
    BRACKET NOTATION
    AUTO LEXICONS
    CONTROLLING LOOKUP FAILURE
    HOW TO USE MAKETEXT
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
    AUTHOR

    Locale::Maketext::TPJ13 -- article about software localization

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Localization and Perl: gettext breaks, Maketext fixes
    A Localization Horror Story: It Could Happen To You
    The Linguistic View
    Breaking gettext
    Replacing gettext
    Buzzwords: Abstraction and Encapsulation
    Buzzword: Isomorphism
    Buzzword: Inheritance
    Buzzword: Concision
    The Devil in the Details
    The Proof in the Pudding: Localizing Web Sites
    References

    Locale::Script - ISO codes for script identification (ISO 15924)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    alpha-2, alpha-3, numeric
    SPECIAL CODES
    CONVERSION ROUTINES
    code2script( CODE, [ CODESET ] ), script2code( STRING, [ CODESET ] ), script_code2code( CODE, CODESET, CODESET )

    QUERY ROUTINES
    all_script_codes ( [ CODESET ] ), all_script_names ( [ CODESET ] )

    EXAMPLES
    KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
    SEE ALSO
    Locale::Language, Locale::Currency, Locale::Country, ISO 15924, http://www.evertype.com/standards/iso15924/

    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    MIME::Base64 - Encoding and decoding of base64 strings

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    encode_base64($str, [$eol]), decode_base64($str)

    DIAGNOSTICS
    Premature end of base64 data, Premature padding of base64 data

    EXAMPLES
    COPYRIGHT

    MIME::Base64::QuotedPrint, MIME::QuotedPrint - Encoding and decoding of quoted-printable strings

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    encode_qp($str), decode_qp($str);

    COPYRIGHT

    MIME::QuotedPrint - Encoding and decoding of quoted-printable strings

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    encode_qp($str), decode_qp($str);

    COPYRIGHT

    Math::BigFloat - Arbitrary size floating point math package

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Canonical notation
    Output
    mantissa(), exponent() and parts()
    Accuracy vs. Precision
    Rounding
    ffround ( +$scale ), ffround ( -$scale ), ffround ( 0 ), fround ( +$scale ), fround ( -$scale ) and fround ( 0 )

    EXAMPLES
    
      # not ready yet
    Autocreating constants
    BUGS
    CAVEAT
    stringify, bstr(), bdiv, Modifying and =, bpow

    LICENSE
    AUTHORS

    Math::BigInt - Arbitrary size integer math package

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Canonical notation, Input, Output

    METHODS
    accuracy
    brsft
    new
    bnan
    bzero
    binf
    bone
    is_one() / is_zero() / is_nan() / is_positive() / is_negative() / is_inf() / is_odd() / is_even() / is_int()
    
            $x->is_zero();                  # true if arg is +0
    
            $x->is_nan();                   # true if arg is NaN
    
            $x->is_one();                   # true if arg is +1
    
            $x->is_one('-');                # true if arg is -1
    
            $x->is_odd();                   # true if odd, false for even
    
            $x->is_even();                  # true if even, false for odd
    
            $x->is_positive();              # true if >= 0
    
            $x->is_negative();              # true if <  0
    
            $x->is_inf();                   # true if +inf
    
            $x->is_inf('-');                # true if -inf (sign is default
    
    '+')
    
            $x->is_int();                   # true if $x is an integer
    bcmp
    bacmp
    sign
    bcmp
    bneg
    babs
    bnorm
    bnot
    binc
    bdec
    badd
    bsub
    bmul
    bdiv
    bmod
    bpow
    blsft
    brsft
    band
    bior
    bxor
    bnot
    bsqrt
    bfac
    round
    bround
    bfround
    bfloor
    bceil
    bgcd
    blcm
    exponent
    mantissa
    parts
    copy
    as_number
    bsstr
    as_hex
    as_bin
    ACCURACY and PRECISION
    Precision P
    Accuracy A
    Fallback F
    Rounding mode R
    'trunc', 'even', 'odd', '+inf', '-inf', 'zero', Precision, Accuracy (significant digits), Setting/Accessing, Creating numbers, Usage, Precedence, Overriding globals, Local settings, Rounding, Default values, Remarks

    INTERNALS
    MATH LIBRARY
    SIGN
    mantissa(), exponent() and parts()
    EXAMPLES
    
      use Math::BigInt;
    Autocreating constants
    PERFORMANCE
    Alternative math libraries
    SUBCLASSING
    Subclassing Math::BigInt
    UPGRADING
    Auto-upgrade
    bsqrt(), div(), blog()

    BUGS
    Out of Memory!, Fails to load Calc on Perl prior 5.6.0

    CAVEATS
    stringify, bstr(), bsstr() and 'cmp', int(), length, bdiv, infinity handling, Modifying and =, bpow, Overloading -$x, Mixing different object types, bsqrt(), brsft()

    LICENSE
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS

    Math::BigInt::Calc - Pure Perl module to support Math::BigInt

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXPORT
    WRAP YOUR OWN
    LICENSE
    This program is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

    AUTHORS
    SEE ALSO

    Math::Complex - complex numbers and associated mathematical functions

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPERATIONS
    CREATION
    STRINGIFICATION
    CHANGED IN PERL 5.6
    USAGE
    ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO OR LOGARITHM OF ZERO
    ERRORS DUE TO INDIGESTIBLE ARGUMENTS
    BUGS
    AUTHORS

    Math::Trig - trigonometric functions

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
    tan
    ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO
    SIMPLE (REAL) ARGUMENTS, COMPLEX RESULTS
    PLANE ANGLE CONVERSIONS
    RADIAL COORDINATE CONVERSIONS
    COORDINATE SYSTEMS
  • -D ANGLE CONVERSIONS
  • cartesian_to_cylindrical, cartesian_to_spherical, cylindrical_to_cartesian, cylindrical_to_spherical, spherical_to_cartesian, spherical_to_cylindrical

    GREAT CIRCLE DISTANCES AND DIRECTIONS
    EXAMPLES
    CAVEAT FOR GREAT CIRCLE FORMULAS
    BUGS
    AUTHORS

    Memoize - Make your functions faster by trading space for time

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    DETAILS
    OPTIONS
    INSTALL
    NORMALIZER
    SCALAR_CACHE, LIST_CACHE
    MEMORY, HASH, TIE, FAULT, MERGE

    OTHER FACILITIES
    unmemoize
    flush_cache
    CAVEATS
    PERSISTENT CACHE SUPPORT
    EXPIRATION SUPPORT
    BUGS
    MAILING LIST
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
    THANK YOU

    Memoize::AnyDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for AnyDBM_File for Storable use

    DESCRIPTION

    Memoize::Expire - Plug-in module for automatic expiration of memoized values

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    INTERFACE
    
     TIEHASH,  EXISTS,  STORE
    ALTERNATIVES
    CAVEATS
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Memoize::ExpireFile - test for Memoize expiration semantics

    DESCRIPTION

    Memoize::ExpireTest - test for Memoize expiration semantics

    DESCRIPTION

    Memoize::NDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for NDBM_File for Storable use

    DESCRIPTION

    Memoize::SDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for SDBM_File for Storable use

    DESCRIPTION

    Memoize::Storable - store Memoized data in Storable database

    DESCRIPTION

    NDBM_File - Tied access to ndbm files

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    O_RDONLY, O_WRONLY, O_RDWR

    DIAGNOSTICS
    ndbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ...
    BUGS AND WARNINGS

    NEXT - Provide a pseudo-class NEXT that allows method redispatch

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Enforcing redispatch
    Avoiding repetitions
    AUTHOR
    BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
    COPYRIGHT

    Net::Cmd - Network Command class (as used by FTP, SMTP etc)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    USER METHODS
    debug ( VALUE ), message (), code (), ok (), status (), datasend ( DATA ), dataend ()

    CLASS METHODS
    debug_print ( DIR, TEXT ), debug_text ( TEXT ), command ( CMD [, ARGS, ... ]), unsupported (), response (), parse_response ( TEXT ), getline (), ungetline ( TEXT ), read_until_dot (), tied_fh ()

    EXPORTS
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Net::Config - Local configuration data for libnet

    SYNOPSYS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS
    requires_firewall HOST

    NetConfig VALUES
    nntp_hosts, snpp_hosts, pop3_hosts, smtp_hosts, ph_hosts, daytime_hosts, time_hosts, inet_domain, ftp_firewall, ftp_firewall_type, ftp_ext_passive, ftp_int_pasive, local_netmask, test_hosts, test_exists

    Net::Domain - Attempt to evaluate the current host's internet name and domain

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    hostfqdn (), hostname (), hostdomain ()

    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Net::FTP - FTP Client class

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OVERVIEW
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new (HOST [,OPTIONS])

    METHODS
    login ([LOGIN [,PASSWORD [, ACCOUNT] ] ]), authorize ( [AUTH [, RESP]]), site (ARGS), type (TYPE [, ARGS]), ascii ([ARGS]) binary([ARGS]) ebcdic([ARGS]) byte([ARGS]), rename ( OLDNAME, NEWNAME ), delete ( FILENAME ), cwd ( [ DIR ] ), cdup (), pwd (), restart ( WHERE ), rmdir ( DIR ), mkdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), ls ( [ DIR ] ), dir ( [ DIR ] ), get ( REMOTE_FILE [, LOCAL_FILE [, WHERE]] ), put ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), put_unique ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), append ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), unique_name (), mdtm ( FILE ), size ( FILE ), supported ( CMD ), hash ( [FILEHANDLE_GLOB_REF],[ BYTES_PER_HASH_MARK] ), nlst ( [ DIR ] ), list ( [ DIR ] ), retr ( FILE ), stor ( FILE ), stou ( FILE ), appe ( FILE ), port ( [ PORT ] ), pasv (), pasv_xfer ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_xfer_unique ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_wait ( NON_PASV_SERVER ), abort (), quit ()
    Methods for the adventurous
    quot (CMD [,ARGS])

    THE dataconn CLASS
    read ( BUFFER, SIZE [, TIMEOUT ] ), write ( BUFFER, SIZE [, TIMEOUT ] ), bytes_read (), abort (), close ()

    UNIMPLEMENTED
    ALLO, SMNT, HELP, MODE, SYST, STAT, STRU, REIN

    REPORTING BUGS
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO
    USE EXAMPLES
    http://www.csh.rit.edu/~adam/Progs/autoftp-2.0.tar.gz

    CREDITS
    COPYRIGHT

    Net::NNTP - NNTP Client class

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

    METHODS
    article ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), body ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), head ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), articlefh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), bodyfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), headfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), nntpstat ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), group ( [ GROUP ] ), ihave ( MSGID [, MESSAGE ]), last (), date (), postok (), authinfo ( USER, PASS ), list (), newgroups ( SINCE [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]), newnews ( SINCE [, GROUPS [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]]), next (), post ( [ MESSAGE ] ), postfh (), slave (), quit ()
    Extension methods
    newsgroups ( [ PATTERN ] ), distributions (), subscriptions (), overview_fmt (), active_times (), active ( [ PATTERN ] ), xgtitle ( PATTERN ), xhdr ( HEADER, MESSAGE-SPEC ), xover ( MESSAGE-SPEC ), xpath ( MESSAGE-ID ), xpat ( HEADER, PATTERN, MESSAGE-SPEC), xrover, listgroup ( [ GROUP ] ), reader

    UNSUPPORTED
    DEFINITIONS
    MESSAGE-SPEC, PATTERN, Examples, [^]-], *bdc, [0-9a-zA-Z], a??d

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Net::POP3 - Post Office Protocol 3 Client class (RFC1939)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLES
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new ( [ HOST, ] [ OPTIONS ] )

    METHODS
    user ( USER ), pass ( PASS ), login ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), apop ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), top ( MSGNUM [, NUMLINES ] ), list ( [ MSGNUM ] ), get ( MSGNUM [, FH ] ), getfh ( MSGNUM ), last (), popstat (), ping ( USER ), uidl ( [ MSGNUM ] ), delete ( MSGNUM ), reset (), quit ()

    NOTES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Net::Ping - check a remote host for reachability

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Functions
    Net::Ping->new([$proto [, $def_timeout [, $bytes]]]);, $p->bind($local_addr);, $p->ping($host [, $timeout]);, $p->open($host);, $p->open($host);, $p->close();, pingecho($host [, $timeout]);

    WARNING
    NOTES
    AUTHORS
    COPYRIGHT

    Net::SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Client

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLES
    CONSTRUCTOR
    new Net::SMTP [ HOST, ] [ OPTIONS ]

    METHODS
    banner (), domain (), hello ( DOMAIN ), etrn ( DOMAIN ), auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), mail ( ADDRESS [, OPTIONS] ), send ( ADDRESS ), send_or_mail ( ADDRESS ), send_and_mail ( ADDRESS ), reset (), recipient ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [ ...]] [, OPTIONS ] ), to ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), cc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), bcc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), data ( [ DATA ] ), expand ( ADDRESS ), verify ( ADDRESS ), help ( [ $subject ] ), quit ()

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Net::Time - time and daytime network client interface

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    inet_time ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]]), inet_daytime ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]])

    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT

    Net::hostent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gethost*() functions

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLES
    NOTE
    AUTHOR

    Net::libnetFAQ, libnetFAQ - libnet Frequently Asked Questions

    DESCRIPTION
    Where to get this document
    How to contribute to this document
    Author and Copyright Information
    Disclaimer
    Obtaining and installing libnet
    What is libnet ?
    Which version of perl do I need ?
    What other modules do I need ?
    What machines support libnet ?
    Where can I get the latest libnet release
    Using Net::FTP
    How do I download files from an FTP server ?
    How do I transfer files in binary mode ?
    How can I get the size of a file on a remote FTP server ?
    How can I get the modification time of a file on a remote FTP server ?
    How can I change the permissions of a file on a remote server ?
    Can I do a reget operation like the ftp command ?
    How do I get a directory listing from an FTP server ?
    Changing directory to ``'' does not fail ?
    I am behind a SOCKS firewall, but the Firewall option does not work ?
    I am behind an FTP proxy firewall, but cannot access machines outside ?
    My ftp proxy firewall does not listen on port 21
    Is it possible to change the file permissions of a file on an FTP server ?
    I have seen scripts call a method message, but cannot find it documented ?
    Why does Net::FTP not implement mput and mget methods
    Using Net::SMTP
    Why can't the part of an Email address after the @ be used as the hostname ?
    Why does Net::SMTP not do DNS MX lookups ?
    The verify method always returns true ?
    Debugging scripts
    How can I debug my scripts that use Net::* modules ?
    AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

    Net::netent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getnet*() functions

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLES
    NOTE
    AUTHOR

    Net::protoent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getproto*() functions

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTE
    AUTHOR

    Net::servent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getserv*() functions

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLES
    NOTE
    AUTHOR

    Netrc, Net::Netrc - OO interface to users netrc file

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    THE .netrc FILE
    machine name, default, login name, password string, account string, macdef name

    CONSTRUCTOR
    lookup ( MACHINE [, LOGIN ])

    METHODS
    login (), password (), account (), lpa ()

    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT

    O - Generic interface to Perl Compiler backends

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CONVENTIONS
    IMPLEMENTATION
    AUTHOR

    ODBM_File - Tied access to odbm files

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    O_RDONLY, O_WRONLY, O_RDWR

    DIAGNOSTICS
    odbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ...
    BUGS AND WARNINGS

    Opcode - Disable named opcodes when compiling perl code

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTE
    WARNING
    Operator Names and Operator Lists
    an operator name (opname), an operator tag name (optag), a negated opname or optag, an operator set (opset)

    Opcode Functions
    opcodes, opset (OP, ...), opset_to_ops (OPSET), opset_to_hex (OPSET), full_opset, empty_opset, invert_opset (OPSET), verify_opset (OPSET, ...), define_optag (OPTAG, OPSET), opmask_add (OPSET), opmask, opdesc (OP, ...), opdump (PAT)

    Manipulating Opsets
    TO DO (maybe)
    Predefined Opcode Tags
    :base_core, :base_mem, :base_loop, :base_io, :base_orig, :base_math, :base_thread, :default, :filesys_read, :sys_db, :browse, :filesys_open, :filesys_write, :subprocess, :ownprocess, :others, :still_to_be_decided, :dangerous

    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS

    Opcode::Safe, Safe - Compile and execute code in restricted compartments

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    a new namespace, an operator mask

    WARNING
    RECENT CHANGES
    Methods in class Safe
    permit (OP, ...), permit_only (OP, ...), deny (OP, ...), deny_only (OP, ...), trap (OP, ...), untrap (OP, ...), share (NAME, ...), share_from (PACKAGE, ARRAYREF), varglob (VARNAME), reval (STRING), rdo (FILENAME), root (NAMESPACE), mask (MASK)

    Some Safety Issues
    Memory, CPU, Snooping, Signals, State Changes

    AUTHOR

    Opcode::ops, ops - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe operations when compiling

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SEE ALSO

    POSIX - Perl interface to IEEE Std 1003.1

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTE
    CAVEATS
    FUNCTIONS
    _exit, abort, abs, access, acos, alarm, asctime, asin, assert, atan, atan2, atexit, atof, atoi, atol, bsearch, calloc, ceil, chdir, chmod, chown, clearerr, clock, close, closedir, cos, cosh, creat, ctermid, ctime, cuserid, difftime, div, dup, dup2, errno, execl, execle, execlp, execv, execve, execvp, exit, exp, fabs, fclose, fcntl, fdopen, feof, ferror, fflush, fgetc, fgetpos, fgets, fileno, floor, fmod, fopen, fork, fpathconf, fprintf, fputc, fputs, fread, free, freopen, frexp, fscanf, fseek, fsetpos, fstat, ftell, fwrite, getc, getchar, getcwd, getegid, getenv, geteuid, getgid, getgrgid, getgrnam, getgroups, getlogin, getpgrp, getpid, getppid, getpwnam, getpwuid, gets, getuid, gmtime, isalnum, isalpha, isatty, iscntrl, isdigit, isgraph, islower, isprint, ispunct, isspace, isupper, isxdigit, kill, labs, ldexp, ldiv, link, localeconv, localtime, log, log10, longjmp, lseek, malloc, mblen, mbstowcs, mbtowc, memchr, memcmp, memcpy, memmove, memset, mkdir, mkfifo, mktime, modf, nice, offsetof, open, opendir, pathconf, pause, perror, pipe, pow, printf, putc, putchar, puts, qsort, raise, rand, read, readdir, realloc, remove, rename, rewind, rewinddir, rmdir, scanf, setgid, setjmp, setlocale, setpgid, setsid, setuid, sigaction, siglongjmp, sigpending, sigprocmask, sigsetjmp, sigsuspend, sin, sinh, sleep, sprintf, sqrt, srand, sscanf, stat, strcat, strchr, strcmp, strcoll, strcpy, strcspn, strerror, strftime, strlen, strncat, strncmp, strncpy, strpbrk, strrchr, strspn, strstr, strtod, strtok, strtol, strtoul, strxfrm, sysconf, system, tan, tanh, tcdrain, tcflow, tcflush, tcgetpgrp, tcsendbreak, tcsetpgrp, time, times, tmpfile, tmpnam, tolower, toupper, ttyname, tzname, tzset, umask, uname, ungetc, unlink, utime, vfprintf, vprintf, vsprintf, wait, waitpid, wcstombs, wctomb, write

    CLASSES
    POSIX::SigAction
    new

    POSIX::SigSet
    new, addset, delset, emptyset, fillset, ismember

    POSIX::Termios
    new, getattr, getcc, getcflag, getiflag, getispeed, getlflag, getoflag, getospeed, setattr, setcc, setcflag, setiflag, setispeed, setlflag, setoflag, setospeed, Baud rate values, Terminal interface values, c_cc field values, c_cflag field values, c_iflag field values, c_lflag field values, c_oflag field values

    PATHNAME CONSTANTS
    Constants

    POSIX CONSTANTS
    Constants

    SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
    Constants

    ERRNO
    Constants

    FCNTL
    Constants

    FLOAT
    Constants

    LIMITS
    Constants

    LOCALE
    Constants

    MATH
    Constants

    SIGNAL
    Constants

    STAT
    Constants, Macros

    STDLIB
    Constants

    STDIO
    Constants

    TIME
    Constants

    UNISTD
    Constants

    WAIT
    Constants, WNOHANG, WUNTRACED, Macros, WIFEXITED, WEXITSTATUS, WIFSIGNALED, WTERMSIG, WIFSTOPPED, WSTOPSIG

    PerlIO - On demand loader for PerlIO layers and root of PerlIO::* name space

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    unix, stdio, perlio, crlf, utf8, raw
    Defaults and how to override them
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    PerlIO::Scalar - support module for in-memory IO.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    PerlIO::Via - Helper class for PerlIO layers implemented in perl

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    $class->PUSHED([$mode[,$fh]]), $obj->POPPED([$fh]), $class->OPEN($path,$mode[,$fh]), $class->FDOPEN($fd), $class->SYSOPEN($path,$imode,$perm,$fh), $obj->FILENO($fh), $obj->READ($buffer,$len,$fh), $obj->WRITE($buffer,$fh), $obj->FILL($fh), $obj->CLOSE($fh), $obj->SEEK($posn,$whence,$fh), $obj->TELL($fh), $obj->UNREAD($buffer,$fh), $obj->FLUSH($fh), $obj->SETLINEBUF($fh), $obj->CLEARERR($fh), $obj->ERROR($fh), $obj->EOF($fh)
    Example - a Hexadecimal Handle

    Pod::Checker, podchecker() - check pod documents for syntax errors

    SYNOPSIS
    OPTIONS/ARGUMENTS
    podchecker()
    -warnings => val

    DESCRIPTION
    DIAGNOSTICS
    Errors
    empty =headn, =over on line N without closing =back, =item without previous =over, =back without previous =over, No argument for =begin, =end without =begin, Nested =begin's, =for without formatter specification, unresolved internal link NAME, Unknown command ``CMD'', Unknown interior-sequence ``SEQ'', nested commands CMD<...CMD<...>...>, garbled entity STRING, Entity number out of range, malformed link L<>, nonempty Z<>, empty X<>, Spurious text after =pod / =cut, Spurious character(s) after =back

    Warnings
    multiple occurence of link target name, line containing nothing but whitespace in paragraph, file does not start with =head, previous =item has no contents, preceding non-item paragraph(s), =item type mismatch (one vs. two), N unescaped <> in paragraph, Unknown entity, No items in =over, No argument for =item, empty section in previous paragraph, Verbatim paragraph in NAME section

    Hyperlinks
    ignoring leading/trailing whitespace in link, (section) in '$page' deprecated, alternative text/node '%s' contains non-escaped | or /

    RETURN VALUE
    EXAMPLES
    INTERFACE

    Pod::Checker->new( %options )

    $checker->poderror( @args ), $checker->poderror( {%opts}, @args )

    $checker->num_errors()

    $checker->name()

    $checker->node()

    $checker->idx()

    $checker->hyperlink()

    AUTHOR

    Pod::Find - find POD documents in directory trees

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    pod_find( { %opts } , @directories )
    -verbose => 1, -perl => 1, -script => 1, -inc => 1

    simplify_name( $str )
    pod_where( { %opts }, $pod )
    -inc => 1, -dirs => [ $dir1, $dir2, ... ], -verbose => 1

    contains_pod( $file , $verbose )
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Pod::Html - module to convert pod files to HTML

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    ARGUMENTS
    backlink, cachedir, css, flush, header, help, htmldir, htmlroot, index, infile, libpods, netscape, outfile, podpath, podroot, quiet, recurse, title, verbose

    EXAMPLE
    ENVIRONMENT
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO
    COPYRIGHT

    Pod::InputObjects - objects representing POD input paragraphs, commands, etc.

    SYNOPSIS
    REQUIRES
    EXPORTS
    DESCRIPTION
    package Pod::InputSource, package Pod::Paragraph, package Pod::InteriorSequence, package Pod::ParseTree

    Pod::InputSource
    new()
    name()
    handle()
    was_cutting()
    Pod::Paragraph
    Pod::Paragraph->new()
    $pod_para->cmd_name()
    $pod_para->text()
    $pod_para->raw_text()
    $pod_para->cmd_prefix()
    $pod_para->cmd_separator()
    $pod_para->parse_tree()
    $pod_para->file_line()
    Pod::InteriorSequence
    Pod::InteriorSequence->new()
    $pod_seq->cmd_name()
    $pod_seq->prepend()
    $pod_seq->append()
    $pod_seq->nested()
    $pod_seq->raw_text()
    $pod_seq->left_delimiter()
    $pod_seq->right_delimiter()
    $pod_seq->parse_tree()
    $pod_seq->file_line()
    Pod::InteriorSequence::DESTROY()
    Pod::ParseTree
    Pod::ParseTree->new()
    $ptree->top()
    $ptree->children()
    $ptree->prepend()
    $ptree->append()
    $ptree->raw_text()
    Pod::ParseTree::DESTROY()
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    Pod::LaTeX - Convert Pod data to formatted Latex

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OBJECT METHODS
    initialize

    Data Accessors
    AddPreamble

    AddPostamble

    Head1Level

    Label

    LevelNoNum

    MakeIndex

    ReplaceNAMEwithSection

    StartWithNewPage

    TableOfContents

    UniqueLabels

    UserPreamble

    UserPostamble

    Lists

    Subclassed methods

    begin_pod

    end_pod

    command

    verbatim

    textblock

    interior_sequence

    List Methods
    begin_list

    end_list

    add_item

    Methods for headings
    head

    Internal methods
    _output

    _replace_special_chars

    _replace_special_chars_late

    _create_label

    _create_index

    _clean_latex_commands

    _split_delimited

    NOTES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS
    COPYRIGHT
    REVISION

    Pod::Man - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    center, date, fixed, fixedbold, fixeditalic, fixedbolditalic, name, quotes, release, section

    DIAGNOSTICS
    roff font should be 1 or 2 chars, not ``%s'', Invalid link %s, Invalid quote specification ``%s'', %s:%d: Unknown command paragraph ``%s'', %s:%d: Unknown escape E<%s>, %s:%d: Unknown formatting code %s, %s:%d: Unmatched =back

    BUGS
    CAVEATS
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

    Pod::ParseLink -- Parse an L<> formatting code in POD text

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

    Pod::ParseUtils - helpers for POD parsing and conversion

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Pod::List
    Pod::List->new()

    $list->file()

    $list->start()

    $list->indent()

    $list->type()

    $list->rx()

    $list->item()

    $list->parent()

    $list->tag()

    Pod::Hyperlink
    Pod::Hyperlink->new()

    $link->parse($string)

    $link->markup($string)

    $link->text()

    $link->warning()

    $link->file(), $link->line()

    $link->page()

    $link->node()

    $link->alttext()

    $link->type()

    $link->link()

    Pod::Cache
    Pod::Cache->new()

    $cache->item()

    $cache->find_page($name)

    Pod::Cache::Item
    Pod::Cache::Item->new()

    $cacheitem->page()

    $cacheitem->description()

    $cacheitem->path()

    $cacheitem->file()

    $cacheitem->nodes()

    $cacheitem->find_node($name)

    $cacheitem->idx()

    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Pod::Parser - base class for creating POD filters and translators

    SYNOPSIS
    REQUIRES
    EXPORTS
    DESCRIPTION
    QUICK OVERVIEW
    PARSING OPTIONS
    -want_nonPODs (default: unset), -process_cut_cmd (default: unset), -warnings (default: unset)

    RECOMMENDED SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
    command()
    $cmd, $text, $line_num, $pod_para

    verbatim()
    $text, $line_num, $pod_para

    textblock()
    $text, $line_num, $pod_para

    interior_sequence()
    OPTIONAL SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
    new()
    initialize()
    begin_pod()
    begin_input()
    end_input()
    end_pod()
    preprocess_line()
    preprocess_paragraph()
    METHODS FOR PARSING AND PROCESSING
    parse_text()
    -expand_seq => code-ref|method-name, -expand_text => code-ref|method-name, -expand_ptree => code-ref|method-name

    interpolate()
    parse_paragraph()
    parse_from_filehandle()
    parse_from_file()
    ACCESSOR METHODS
    errorsub()
    cutting()
    parseopts()
    output_file()
    output_handle()
    input_file()
    input_handle()
    input_streams()
    top_stream()
    PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
    _push_input_stream()
    _pop_input_stream()
    TREE-BASED PARSING
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    Pod::Plainer - Perl extension for converting Pod to old style Pod.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXPORT
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Pod::Select, podselect() - extract selected sections of POD from input

    SYNOPSIS
    REQUIRES
    EXPORTS
    DESCRIPTION
    SECTION SPECIFICATIONS
    RANGE SPECIFICATIONS
    OBJECT METHODS
    curr_headings()
    select()
    add_selection()
    clear_selections()
    match_section()
    is_selected()
    EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
    podselect()
    -output, -sections, -ranges

    PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
    _compile_section_spec()
    $self->{_SECTION_HEADINGS}
    $self->{_SELECTED_SECTIONS}
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    Pod::Text - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    alt, code, indent, loose, quotes, sentence, width

    DIAGNOSTICS
    Bizarre space in item, Item called without tag, Can't open %s for reading: %s, Invalid quote specification ``%s'', %s:%d: Unknown command paragraph: %s, %s:%d: Unknown escape: %s, %s:%d: Unknown formatting code: %s, %s:%d: Unmatched =back

    RESTRICTIONS
    NOTES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

    Pod::Text::Color - Convert POD data to formatted color ASCII text

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

    Pod::Text::Overstrike - Convert POD data to formatted overstrike text

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    BUGS
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

    Pod::Text::Termcap, Pod::Text::Color - Convert POD data to ASCII text with format escapes

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR
    COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

    Pod::Usage, pod2usage() - print a usage message from embedded pod documentation

    SYNOPSIS
    ARGUMENTS
    -message, -msg, -exitval, -verbose, -output, -input, -pathlist

    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLES
    Recommended Use
    CAVEATS
    AUTHOR
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Pod::t::basic, basic.pod - Test of various basic POD features in translators.

    HEADINGS
    This is a ``level 1'' heading
    ``Level'' ``2 heading
    This is a ``level 1'' heading
    ``Level'' 2 heading
    LINKS
    OVER AND ITEMS
    This is a test, a, b, a, b, c, d, ``foo'', bar, baz, Some longer item text

    FORMATTING CODES
    &, ', <, >, ", /

    VERBATIM
    CONCLUSION

    SDBM_File - Tied access to sdbm files

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    O_RDONLY, O_WRONLY, O_RDWR

    DIAGNOSTICS
    sdbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ...
    BUGS AND WARNINGS

    Safe - Compile and execute code in restricted compartments

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    a new namespace, an operator mask

    WARNING
    RECENT CHANGES
    Methods in class Safe
    permit (OP, ...), permit_only (OP, ...), deny (OP, ...), deny_only (OP, ...), trap (OP, ...), untrap (OP, ...), share (NAME, ...), share_from (PACKAGE, ARRAYREF), varglob (VARNAME), reval (STRING), rdo (FILENAME), root (NAMESPACE), mask (MASK)

    Some Safety Issues
    Memory, CPU, Snooping, Signals, State Changes

    AUTHOR

    Scalar::Util - A selection of general-utility scalar subroutines

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    blessed EXPR, dualvar NUM, STRING, isweak EXPR, readonly SCALAR, reftype EXPR, tainted EXPR, weaken REF

    KNOWN BUGS
    COPYRIGHT
    BLATANT PLUG

    Search::Dict, look - search for key in dictionary file

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    SelectSaver - save and restore selected file handle

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    SelfLoader - load functions only on demand

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    The __DATA__ token
    SelfLoader autoloading
    Autoloading and package lexicals
    SelfLoader and AutoLoader
    __DATA__, __END__, and the FOOBAR::DATA filehandle.
    Classes and inherited methods.
    Multiple packages and fully qualified subroutine names

    Shell - run shell commands transparently within perl

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OBJECT ORIENTED SYNTAX
    AUTHOR

    Socket, sockaddr_in, sockaddr_un, inet_aton, inet_ntoa - load the C socket.h defines and structure manipulators

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    inet_aton HOSTNAME, inet_ntoa IP_ADDRESS, INADDR_ANY, INADDR_BROADCAST, INADDR_LOOPBACK, INADDR_NONE, sockaddr_family SOCKADDR, sockaddr_in PORT, ADDRESS, sockaddr_in SOCKADDR_IN, pack_sockaddr_in PORT, IP_ADDRESS, unpack_sockaddr_in SOCKADDR_IN, sockaddr_un PATHNAME, sockaddr_un SOCKADDR_UN, pack_sockaddr_un PATH, unpack_sockaddr_un SOCKADDR_UN

    Storable - persistency for perl data structures

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    MEMORY STORE
    ADVISORY LOCKING
    SPEED
    CANONICAL REPRESENTATION
    ERROR REPORTING
    WIZARDS ONLY
    Hooks
    STORABLE_freeze obj, cloning, STORABLE_thaw obj, cloning, serialized, ..

    Predicates
    Storable::last_op_in_netorder, Storable::is_storing, Storable::is_retrieving

    Recursion
    Deep Cloning
    Storable magic
    EXAMPLES
    WARNING
    BUGS
    CREDITS
    TRANSLATIONS
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Switch - A switch statement for Perl

    VERSION
    SYNOPSIS
    BACKGROUND
    DESCRIPTION
    Allowing fall-through
    Automating fall-through
    Alternative syntax
    Higher-order Operations
    DEPENDENCIES
    AUTHOR
    BUGS
    LIMITATION
    COPYRIGHT

    Symbol - manipulate Perl symbols and their names

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    Sys::Hostname - Try every conceivable way to get hostname

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    Syslog, Sys::Syslog, openlog, closelog, setlogmask, syslog - Perl interface to the UNIX syslog(3) calls

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    openlog $ident, $logopt, $facility, syslog $priority, $format, @args, setlogmask $mask_priority, setlogsock $sock_type (added in 5.004_02), closelog

    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    Syslog::Syslog, Sys::Syslog, openlog, closelog, setlogmask, syslog - Perl interface to the UNIX syslog(3) calls

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    openlog $ident, $logopt, $facility, syslog $priority, $format, @args, setlogmask $mask_priority, setlogsock $sock_type (added in 5.004_02), closelog

    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    Term::ANSIColor - Color screen output using ANSI escape sequences

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    DIAGNOSTICS
    Bad escape sequence %s, Bareword ``%s'' not allowed while ``strict subs'' in use, Invalid attribute name %s, Name ``%s'' used only once: possible typo, No comma allowed after filehandle, No name for escape sequence %s

    ENVIRONMENT
    ANSI_COLORS_DISABLED

    RESTRICTIONS
    NOTES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS
    LICENSE

    Term::Cap - Perl termcap interface

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    METHODS

    Tgetent, OSPEED, TERM

    Tpad, $string, $cnt, $FH

    Tputs, $cap, $cnt, $FH

    Tgoto, $cap, $col, $row, $FH

    Trequire

    EXAMPLES
    COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Term::Complete - Perl word completion module

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    <tab>, ^D, ^U, <del>, <bs>

    DIAGNOSTICS
    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    Term::ReadLine - Perl interface to various readline packages. If no real package is found, substitutes stubs instead of basic functions.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Minimal set of supported functions
    ReadLine, new, readline, addhistory, IN, $OUT, MinLine, findConsole, Attribs, Features

    Additional supported functions
    tkRunning, ornaments, newTTY

    EXPORTS
    ENVIRONMENT
    CAVEATS

    Test - provides a simple framework for writing test scripts

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Functions
    plan

    _to_value

    ok

    TEST TYPES
    NORMAL TESTS, SKIPPED TESTS, TODO TESTS

    ONFAIL
    BUGS and CAVEATS
    TODO
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHOR

    Test::Builder - Backend for building test libraries

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Construction
    new

    Setting up tests
    exported_to

    plan

    expected_tests

    no_plan

    skip_all

    Running tests
    ok

    is_eq, is_num

    isnt_eq, isnt_num

    like, unlike

    cmp_ok

    BAILOUT

    skip

    todo_skip

    skip_rest

    Test style
    level

    use_numbers

    no_header, no_ending

    Output
    diag

    _print

    output, failure_output, todo_output

    Test Status and Info
    current_test

    summary

    details UNIMPLEMENTED, todo

    caller

    _sanity_check

    _whoa

    _my_exit

    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS
    COPYRIGHT

    Test::Harness - run perl standard test scripts with statistics

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    The test script output
    '1..M', 'ok', 'not ok'. Ok?, test numbers, test names, Skipping tests, Todo tests, Bail out!, Comments, Anything else

    Taint mode
    Configuration variables.
    $Test::Harness::verbose, $Test::Harness::switches

    Failure
    Failed Test, Stat, Wstat, Total, Fail, Failed, List of Failed

    Functions
    runtests

    _all_ok

    _globdir

    _run_all_tests

    _mk_leader

    _leader_width

    EXPORT
    DIAGNOSTICS
    All tests successful.\nFiles=%d, Tests=%d, %s, FAILED tests %s\n\tFailed %d/%d tests, %.2f%% okay., Test returned status %d (wstat %d), Failed 1 test, %.2f%% okay. %s, Failed %d/%d tests, %.2f%% okay. %s, FAILED--Further testing stopped%s

    ENVIRONMENT
    HARNESS_IGNORE_EXITCODE, HARNESS_NOTTY, HARNESS_COMPILE_TEST, HARNESS_FILELEAK_IN_DIR, HARNESS_PERL_SWITCHES, HARNESS_COLUMNS, HARNESS_ACTIVE

    EXAMPLE
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS
    TODO
    BUGS

    Test::Harness::Assert - simple assert

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Functions
    assert

    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Test::Harness::Iterator - Internal Test::Harness Iterator

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    Test::Harness::Straps - detailed analysis of test results

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Construction
    new

    _init

    Analysis
    analyze

    analyze_fh

    analyze_file

    _switches

    _INC2PERL5LIB

    _filtered_INC

    _restore_PERL5LIB

    Parsing
    _is_comment

    _is_header

    _is_test

    _is_bail_out

    _reset_file_state

    Results
    _detailize

    EXAMPLES
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO

    Test::More - yet another framework for writing test scripts

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    I love it when a plan comes together
    Test names
    I'm ok, you're not ok.
    ok

    is, isnt

    like

    unlike

    cmp_ok

    can_ok

    isa_ok

    pass, fail

    Diagnostics
    diag

    Module tests
    use_ok

    require_ok

    Conditional tests
    SKIP: BLOCK

    TODO: BLOCK, todo_skip

    Comparison functions
    is_deeply

    eq_array

    eq_hash

    eq_set

    Extending and Embedding Test::More
    builder

    NOTES
    BUGS and CAVEATS
    Making your own ok(), The eq_* family has some caveats, Test::Harness upgrades

    HISTORY
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS
    COPYRIGHT

    Test::Simple - Basic utilities for writing tests.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    ok

    EXAMPLE
    CAVEATS
    NOTES
    HISTORY
    SEE ALSO
    the Test::More manpage, Test, the Test::Unit manpage, the Test::Inline manpage, SelfTest, the Test::Harness manpage

    AUTHORS
    COPYRIGHT

    Test::Tutorial - A tutorial about writing really basic tests

    DESCRIPTION
    Nuts and bolts of testing.
    Where to start?
    Names
    Test the manual
    Sometimes the tests are wrong
    Testing lots of values
    Informative names
    Skipping tests
    Todo tests
    Testing with taint mode.
    FOOTNOTES
    AUTHORS
    COPYRIGHT

    Text::Abbrev, abbrev - create an abbreviation table from a list

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLE

    Text::Balanced - Extract delimited text sequences from strings.

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    General behaviour in list contexts
    [0], [1], [2]

    General behaviour in scalar and void contexts
    A note about prefixes
    extract_delimited
    extract_bracketed
    extract_tagged
    reject => $listref, ignore => $listref, fail => $str, [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

    gen_extract_tagged
    extract_quotelike
    [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10]

    extract_quotelike and ``here documents''
    [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7..10]

    extract_codeblock
    extract_multiple
    gen_delimited_pat
    DIAGNOSTICS
    
     C<Did not find a suitable bracket: "%s">,  C<Did not find prefix: /%s/>, 
    
    C<Did not find opening bracket after prefix: "%s">,  C<No quotelike
    
    operator found after prefix: "%s">,  C<Unmatched closing bracket: "%c">, 
    
    C<Unmatched opening bracket(s): "%s">, C<Unmatched embedded quote (%s)>,
    
    C<Did not find closing delimiter to match '%s'>,  C<Mismatched closing
    
    bracket: expected "%c" but found "%s">,  C<No block delimiter found after
    
    quotelike "%s">, C<Did not find leading dereferencer>, C<Bad identifier
    
    after dereferencer>, C<Did not find expected opening bracket at %s>,
    
    C<Improperly nested codeblock at %s>,  C<Missing second block for quotelike
    
    "%s">, C<No match found for opening bracket>, C<Did not find opening tag:
    
    /%s/>, C<Unable to construct closing tag to match: /%s/>, C<Found invalid
    
    nested tag: %s>, C<Found unbalanced nested tag: %s>, C<Did not find closing
    
    tag>
    AUTHOR
    BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
    COPYRIGHT

    Text::ParseWords - parse text into an array of tokens or array of arrays

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLES
    AUTHORS

    Text::Soundex - Implementation of the Soundex Algorithm as Described by Knuth

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLES
    LIMITATIONS
    AUTHOR

    Text::Tabs -- expand and unexpand tabs per the unix expand(1) and unexpand(1)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    Text::Wrap - line wrapping to form simple paragraphs

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OVERRIDES
    EXAMPLE
    AUTHOR

    Thread - manipulate threads in Perl

    CAVEAT
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    FUNCTIONS
    $thread = Thread->new(\&start_sub), $thread = Thread->new(\&start_sub, LIST), lock VARIABLE, async BLOCK;, Thread->self, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE, yield

    METHODS
    join, eval, detach, equal, tid, flags, done

    LIMITATIONS
    SEE ALSO

    Thread::Queue - thread-safe queues

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    FUNCTIONS AND METHODS
    new, enqueue LIST, dequeue, dequeue_nb, pending

    SEE ALSO

    Thread::Semaphore - thread-safe semaphores

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    FUNCTIONS AND METHODS
    new, new NUMBER, down, down NUMBER, up, up NUMBER

    Thread::Signal - Start a thread which runs signal handlers reliably

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    BUGS

    Thread::Specific - thread-specific keys

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION

    Tie::Array - base class for tied arrays

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    TIEARRAY classname, LIST, STORE this, index, value, FETCH this, index, FETCHSIZE this, STORESIZE this, count, EXTEND this, count, EXISTS this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this, DESTROY this, PUSH this, LIST, POP this, SHIFT this, UNSHIFT this, LIST, SPLICE this, offset, length, LIST

    CAVEATS
    AUTHOR

    Tie::File - Access the lines of a disk file via a Perl array

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    recsep
    mode
    cachesize
    Option Format
    Public Methods
    flock
    Tying to an already-opened filehandle
    CAVEATS
    Efficiency Note
    Efficiency Note 2
    Efficiency Note 3
    CAVEATS
    AUTHOR
    LICENSE
    WARRANTY
    THANKS
    TODO

    Tie::Handle, Tie::StdHandle - base class definitions for tied handles

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, WRITE this, scalar, length, offset, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, format, LIST, READ this, scalar, length, offset, READLINE this, GETC this, CLOSE this, OPEN this, filename, BINMODE this, EOF this, TELL this, SEEK this, offset, whence, DESTROY this

    MORE INFORMATION
    COMPATIBILITY

    Tie::Hash, Tie::StdHash, Tie::ExtraHash - base class definitions for tied hashes

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    TIEHASH classname, LIST, STORE this, key, value, FETCH this, key, FIRSTKEY this, NEXTKEY this, lastkey, EXISTS this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this

    Inheriting from Tie::StdHash
    Inheriting from Tie::ExtraHash
    UNTIE and DESTROY
    MORE INFORMATION

    Tie::Memoize - add data to hash when needed

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Inheriting from Tie::Memoize
    EXAMPLE
    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    Tie::RefHash - use references as hash keys

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    EXAMPLE
    AUTHOR
    VERSION
    SEE ALSO

    Tie::Scalar, Tie::StdScalar - base class definitions for tied scalars

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    TIESCALAR classname, LIST, FETCH this, STORE this, value, DESTROY this

    MORE INFORMATION

    Tie::SubstrHash - Fixed-table-size, fixed-key-length hashing

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    CAVEATS

    Time::HiRes - High resolution alarm, sleep, gettimeofday, interval timers

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    gettimeofday (), usleep ( $useconds ), ualarm ( $useconds [, $interval_useconds ] ), tv_interval, time (), sleep ( $floating_seconds ), alarm ( $floating_seconds [, $interval_floating_seconds ] ), setitimer, getitimer ( $which )

    EXAMPLES
    C API
    CAVEATS
    AUTHORS
    REVISION
    COPYRIGHT

    Time::Local - efficiently compute time from local and GMT time

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    IMPLEMENTATION
    BUGS

    Time::gmtime - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gmtime() function

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTE
    AUTHOR

    Time::localtime - by-name interface to Perl's built-in localtime() function

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTE
    AUTHOR

    Time::tm - internal object used by Time::gmtime and Time::localtime

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR

    UNIVERSAL - base class for ALL classes (blessed references)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    $obj->isa( TYPE ), CLASS->isa( TYPE ), isa( VAL, TYPE ), $obj->can( METHOD ), CLASS->can( METHOD ), can( VAL, METHOD ), VERSION ( [ REQUIRE ] )

    Unicode::Collate - use UCA (Unicode Collation Algorithm)

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Constructor and Tailoring
    alternate, backwards, entry, ignoreName, ignoreChar, level, normalization, overrideCJK, overrideHangul, preprocess, rearrange, table, undefName, undefChar, katakana_before_hiragana, upper_before_lower

    Other methods
    @sorted = $Collator->sort(@not_sorted), $result = $Collator-E<gt>cmp($a, $b), $result = $Collator->eq($a, $b), $result = $Collator->ne($a, $b), $result = $Collator->lt($a, $b), $result = $Collator->le($a, $b), $result = $Collator-E<gt>gt($a, $b), $result = $Collator->ge($a, $b), $sortKey = $Collator->getSortKey($string), $position = $Collator-E<gt>index($string, $substring), ($position, $length) = $Collator-E<gt>index($string, $substring)

    EXPORT
    TODO
    CAVEAT
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO
    Unicode Collation Algorithm - Unicode TR #10, the Unicode::Normalize manpage

    Unicode::Normalize - normalized forms of Unicode text

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Normalization Forms
    $string_NFD = NFD($raw_string), $string_NFC = NFC($raw_string), $string_NFKD = NFKD($raw_string), $string_NFKC = NFKC($raw_string), $normalized_string = normalize($form_name, $raw_string)

    Character Data
    $canonical_decomposed = getCanon($codepoint), $compatibility_decomposed = getCompat($codepoint), $uv_composite = getComposite($uv_here, $uv_next), $combining_class = getCombinClass($codepoint), $is_exclusion = isExclusion($codepoint)

    EXPORT
    TODO
    AUTHOR
    SEE ALSO
    http://www.unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr15/

    Unicode::UCD - Unicode character database

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    charinfo
    charblock
    charscript
    charblocks
    charscripts
    Blocks versus Scripts
    Matching Scripts and Blocks
    Code Point Arguments
    charinrange
    compexcl
    casefold
    casespec
    Unicode::UCD::UnicodeVersion
    Implementation Note
    BUGS
    AUTHOR

    User::grent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getgr*() functions

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTE
    AUTHOR

    User::pwent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getpw*() functions

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    System Specifics
    NOTE
    AUTHOR
    HISTORY
    March 18th, 2000

    Win32 - Interfaces to some Win32 API Functions

    DESCRIPTION
    Alphabetical Listing of Win32 Functions
    Win32::AbortSystemShutdown(MACHINE), Win32::BuildNumber(), Win32::CopyFile(FROM, TO, OVERWRITE), Win32::DomainName(), Win32::ExpandEnvironmentStrings(STRING), Win32::FormatMessage(ERRORCODE), Win32::FsType(), Win32::FreeLibrary(HANDLE), Win32::GetArchName(), Win32::GetChipName(), Win32::GetCwd(), Win32::GetFullPathName(FILENAME), Win32::GetLastError(), Win32::GetLongPathName(PATHNAME), Win32::GetNextAvailDrive(), Win32::GetOSVersion(), Win32::GetShortPathName(PATHNAME), Win32::GetProcAddress(INSTANCE, PROCNAME), Win32::GetTickCount(), Win32::InitiateSystemShutdown, Win32::IsWinNT(), Win32::IsWin95(), Win32::LoadLibrary(LIBNAME), Win32::LoginName(), Win32::LookupAccountName(SYSTEM, ACCOUNT, DOMAIN, SID, SIDTYPE), Win32::LookupAccountSID(SYSTEM, SID, ACCOUNT, DOMAIN, SIDTYPE), Win32::MsgBox(MESSAGE [, FLAGS [, TITLE]]), Win32::NodeName(), Win32::RegisterServer(LIBRARYNAME), Win32::SetChildShowWindow(SHOWWINDOW), Win32::SetCwd(NEWDIRECTORY), Win32::SetLastError(ERROR), Win32::Sleep(TIME), Win32::Spawn(COMMAND, ARGS, PID), Win32::UnregisterServer(LIBRARYNAME)

    XS::Typemap - module to test the XS typemaps distributed with perl

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    NOTES
    AUTHOR

    XSLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code

    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    AUTHOR


    AUXILIARY DOCUMENTATION

    Here should be listed all the extra programs' documentation, but they don't all have manual pages yet:

    a2p
    s2p
    find2perl
    h2ph
    c2ph
    h2xs
    xsubpp
    pod2man
    wrapsuid


    AUTHOR

    Larry Wall <larry@wall.org>, with the help of oodles of other folks.

    Programminig
    Wy
    Wy
    yW
    Wy
    Programming
    Wy
    Wy
    Wy
    Wy